Barbados

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Question Value
1. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Source: Representation of the People Act, 1971 (amended 2007)

    Source: Constitution of Barbados, 1966 (amended 2003)

2. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    There are very limited regulations concerning donations to the candidates.

  • Source

    Source: Representation of the People Act, 1971 (amended 2007).

3. Is there a ban on corporate donations to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Source: Representation of the People Act, 1971 (amended 2007)

    Source: Constitution of Barbados, 1966 (amended 2003)

4. Is there a ban on corporate donations to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    There are very limited regulations concerning donations to the candidates.

  • Source

    Source: Representation of the People Act, 1971 (amended 2007)

5. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Source: Representation of the People Act, 1971 (amended 2007)

    Source: Constitution of Barbados, 1966 (amended 2003)

6. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    Donation from Trade Unions to candidates are allowed.

  • Source

    35.(1) The funds of a trade union shall not be applied either directly or in conjunction with any other trade union, association or body, or otherwise indirectly, in the furtherance of any political object, other than the political objects specified in this section, and unless the furtherance of those objects or any one or more of them has been approved as an object of the trade union by a resolution for the time being in force passed on ballot of the members of the trade union taken in accordance with this section for the purpose by a majority of the members voting; [...]

    (3) The political objects to which this section applies are the expenditure of money –

    (a) on the payment of any expenses incurred either directly or indirectly by a candidate or prospective candidate for election to the House of Assembly or to any public office, before, during or after the election in connection with his candidature or election; or [...]

    (c) in connection with the registration of electors or the election of a candidate for the House of Assembly or any public office; or [...]

     Source: Article 35, Trade Unions Act, 1964 (amended 1988)

7. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Source: Representation of the People Act, 1971 (amended 2007)

    Source: Constitution of Barbados, 1966 (amended 2003)

8. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    The candidates must report the names of the donors.

  • Source

    52 (3) The return shall also contain in respect of that candidate – [...]

    (d) a statement of all moneys, securities and equivalent of money received by the election agent from the candidate or any other person for the purposes of election expenses incurred or to be incurred, with a statement of the name of every person from whom they are received.

    Source: Article 52 (3), Representation of the People Act, 1971 (amended 2007)

9. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Source: Representation of the People Act, 1971 (amended 2007)

    Source: Constitution of Barbados, 1966 (amended 2003)

10. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    There are very limited regulations concerning donations to the candidates.

  • Source

    Source: Representation of the People Act, 1971 (amended 2007)

11. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Source: Representation of the People Act, 1971 (amended 2007)

    Source: Constitution of Barbados, 1966 (amended 2003)

12. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    There are very limited regulations concerning donations to the candidates

  • Source

    Source: Representation of the People Act, 1971 (amended 2007)

13. Is there a ban on the use of state resources in favour or against a political party or candidate?
  • CodeNo data
  • Comment
  • Source
14. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Source: Representation of the People Act, 1971 (amended 2007)

    Source: Constitution of Barbados, 1966 (amended 2003)

15. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
  • Source
16. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Source: Representation of the People Act, 1971 (amended 2007)

    Source: Constitution of Barbados, 1966 (amended 2003)

17. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
  • Source
18. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    There are very limited regulations concerning donations to the candidates.

  • Source

    Source: Representation of the People Act, 1971 (amended 2007)

19. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
  • Source
20. Is there a limit on the amount a candidate can contribute to their own election campaign?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    There are no regulations in this matter, but a candidate has a right to cover own personal expenses related to the elections up to 50 BBD. This amount is not included in the candidate's overall spending limit.

  • Source

    46. (1) The candidate at an election may pay any personal expenses incurred by him on account of or in connection with or incidental to the election up to an amount not exceeding $50; any personal expenses incurred by him in excess of that amount shall be paid by his election agent.
    Source: Article 46 (1), Representation of the People Act, 1971 (amended 2007)

    48 (3) The said amount shall not be required to cover the candidate's personal expenses.
    Source: Article 48 (3  ), Representation of the People Act, 1971 (amended 2007)

21. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Source: Representation of the People Act, 1971 (amended 2007)

    Source: Constitution of Barbados, 1966 (amended 2003)

22. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    There are very limited regulations concerning donations to the candidates.

  • Source

    Source: Representation of the People Act, 1971 (amended 2007)

    Source: Constitution of Barbados, 1966 (amended 2003)

23. Is there a ban on political parties engaging in commercial activities?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Source: Representation of the People Act, 1971 (amended 2007)

    Source: Constitution of Barbados, 1966 (amended 2003)

24. Is there a ban on political parties taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Source: Representation of the People Act, 1971 (amended 2007)

    Source: Constitution of Barbados, 1966 (amended 2003)

25. Is there a ban on candidates taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    There are very limited regulations concerning income of candidates

  • Source

    Source: Representation of the People Act, 1971 (amended 2007)

26. Is there a ban on donors to political parties/candidates participating in public tender/procurement processes?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    There are very limited regulations concerning donations to the candidates/political parties.

  • Source

    Source: Representation of the People Act, 1971 (amended 2007)

27. Are there provisions requiring donations to go through the banking system?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Source: Representation of the People Act, 1971 (amended 2007)

Question Value
28. Are there provisions for direct public funding to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Source: Representation of the People Act, 1971 (amended 2007)

    Source: Constitution of Barbados, 1966 (amended 2003)

29. What are the eligibility criteria for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
  • Source
30. What is the allocation calculation for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
  • Source
31. What are the provisions on 'ear marking' direct public funding to political parties (how it should be used)?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
  • Source
32. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Free access to media (airtime between 15-75 min) for the political parties during an election campaign.

  • Source

    4. (1) During an election period, broadcasting time for election broadcasts will be allocated by the Commission to any political party which makes application in the Form 1 set out in the Schedule hereto and satisfies the Commission that no less than 10 of its members are validly nominated candidates for the election.

    (2) The allocation of broadcasting time for election broadcasts, which shall be confirmed by the Commission in the Form 2 set out in the Schedule hereto, will be made on the determination of the Commission on the following basis:

    (a)two broadcasts of not more than 15 minutes duration and a third and final broadcast of not more than 30 minutes duration, to the political party which qualifies for an allocation under paragraph (1) of this regulation and which commanded the support of the majority of the membership of the House of Assembly immediately prior to the last dissolution of Parliament;

    (b) one broadcast of not more than 15 minutes duration and a second and final broadcast of not more than 30 minutes duration, to the political party which qualifies for an allocation under paragraph (1) of this regulation and which commanded the support of the majority of the opposition membership of the House of Assembly immediately prior to the last dissolution of Parliament;

    (c) one broadcast of not more than 15 minutes duration, to any other political party which qualifies for an allocation under paragraph (1) of this regulation. [...]

    Source: Article 4, Representation of the People (General Elections) (Allocation of Broadcasting Time) Regulations, 1990

33. What criteria determine allocation for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeNumber of candidates | Other
  • Comment

    The main condition for free access to media during election campaign is that no less than 10 of political party's members are validly nominated candidates
    for the election.

    The exact free airtime depends on the status of the political party: 15 min of broadcast for every political party. Additional one 15 min and one 30 min broadcasts for ruling party in parliament; or additional two 30 min broadcast for an opposition party in parliament.

  • Source

    4. (1) During an election period, broadcasting time for election broadcasts will be allocated by the Commission to any political party which makes application in the Form 1 set out in the Schedule hereto and satisfies the Commission that no less than 10 of its members are validly nominated candidates for the election.

    (2) The allocation of broadcasting time for election broadcasts, which shall be confirmed by the Commission in the Form 2 set out in the Schedule hereto, will be made on the determination of the Commission on the following basis:

    (a)two broadcasts of not more than 15 minutes duration and a third and final broadcast of not more than 30 minutes duration, to the political party which qualifies for an allocation under paragraph (1) of this regulation and which commanded the support of the majority of the membership of the House of Assembly immediately prior to the last dissolution of Parliament;

    (b) one broadcast of not more than 15 minutes duration and a second and final broadcast of not more than 30 minutes duration, to the political party which qualifies for an allocation under paragraph (1) of this regulation and which commanded the support of the majority of the opposition membership of the House of Assembly immediately prior to the last dissolution of Parliament;

    (c) one broadcast of not more than 15 minutes duration, to any other political party which qualifies for an allocation under paragraph (1) of this regulation. [...]

    Source: Article 4, Representation of the People (General Elections) (Allocation of Broadcasting Time) Regulations, 1990

34. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Source: Representation of the People Act, 1971 (amended 2007)

    Source: Representation of the People (General Elections) (Allocation of Broadcasting Time) Regulations, 1990

    Source: Constitution of Barbados, 1966 (amended 2003)

35. Are there provisions for any other form of indirect public funding?
  • CodeTax relief | Other
  • Comment

    Tax relief for the MP who donate own political party - up to a limit in respect of each member of 5,000 BBD annually or 10% of salary, whichever is the lesser.

    A right of the leader of the opposition in the parliament to have the personal staff paid by parliament.

    A right of every MPs to have the constituency assistant paid by parliament.

  • Source

    36C. In calculating the taxable income for an income year of an individual, there shall be deducted from the assessable income of that individual subscription paid [...]

    (c) to political parties represented in Parliament, by members of Parliament, up to a limit in respect of each member of $5 000 annually or 10 per cent of salary, whichever is the lesser.

    Source: Article 36C, Income Tax Act, 1968 (amended 2007)

    2. Each member of the House of Assembly shall be entitled to the services of a Constituency Assistant.

    3 The Constituency Assistant shall be a temporary employee of Parliament.

    Source: Article 2 and 3, Part I of the Fourth Schedule, Parliament (Administration) Act, 1989 (amended 2008)

     

    1. The Leader of the Opposition is entitled to personal staff holding the following offices and the staff shall be paid the emoluments set out opposite to the offices to which they relate: [...]

    3. The personal staff of the Leader of the Opposition shall be temporary employees of Parliament and shall hold such qualifications as the Clerk determines on the advice of the Leader of the Opposition.

    Source: Article 1 and 3, Part II of the Fourth Schedule, Parliament (Administration) Act, 1989 (amended 2008)

     

36. Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties tied to gender equality among candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Source: Representation of the People Act, 1971 (amended 2007)

    Source: Constitution of Barbados, 1966 (amended 2003)

37. Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Source: Representation of the People Act, 1971 (amended 2007)

    Source: Constitution of Barbados, 1966 (amended 2003)

Question Value
38. Is there a ban on vote buying?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    6.2 A person is guilty of bribery who, directly or indirectly, by himself or by any other person on his behalf gives any money or procures any office to or for any elector or to or for any other person on behalf of any elector or to or for any other person in order to induce any elector to vote or refrain from voting; or corruptly makes any gift or procurement as is specified in paragraph

    (a) on account of any elector having voted or refrained from voting; or makes any gift or procurement as is specified in paragraph

    (b) to or for any person in order to induce that person to procure, or endeavour to procure, the return of any person at an election or the vote of any elector, [...]

    Source: Article 6.2, Election Offences and Controversies, 1969 (amended 1989)

39. Are there limits on the amount a political party can spend?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Source: Representation of the People Act, 1971 (amended 2007)

    Source: Constitution of Barbados, 1966 (amended 2003)

40. If there are limits on the amount a political party can spend, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
  • Source
41. Are there limits on the amount a candidate can spend?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Additionally, a candidate has a right to cover own personal expenses related to the elections up to 50 BBD. This amount is not included in the candidate's overall spending limit.

  • Source

    48.(1) No sum may be paid and no expense may be incurred by a candidate or election agent at an election whether before, during or after an election, in respect of the conduct or management of the election in excess of the amount specified in subsection (2) and a candidate or election agent who knowingly acts in contravention of this subsection is guilty of an illegal practice.

    (2) The amount referred to in subsection (1) is the sum of money calculated at the rate of $10 in respect of each registered elector in the constituency.

    (3) The said amount shall not be required to cover the candidate's personal expenses. [...]

    Source: Article 48, Representation of the People Act, 1971 (amended 2007)

     

    46. (1) The candidate at an election may pay any personal expenses incurred by him on account of or in connection with or incidental to the election up to an amount not exceeding $50; any personal expenses incurred by him in excess of that amount shall be paid by his election agent.

    Source: Article 46 (1), Representation of the People Act, 1971 (amended 2007)

42. If there are limits on the amount a candidate can spend, what is the limit?
  • CodeThe spending limit for the candidate depends on the constituency. The limit is calculated at the rate of10 BBD in respect of each registered elector in the constituency. For example, in the City of Bridgetown constituency the limit is 69,150 BBD (6,915 electors * 10 BBD). | Additionally, a candidate has a right to cover own personal expenses related to the elections up to 50 BBD. This amount is not included in the candidate's overall spending limit.
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    48.(1) No sum may be paid and no expense may be incurred by a candidate or election agent at an election whether before, during or after an election, in respect of the conduct or management of the election in excess of the amount specified in subsection (2) and a candidate or election agent who knowingly acts in contravention of this subsection is guilty of an illegal practice.

    (2) The amount referred to in subsection (1) is the sum of money calculated at the rate of $10 in respect of each registered elector in the constituency.

    (3) The said amount shall not be required to cover the candidate's personal expenses. [...]

    Source: Article 48, Representation of the People Act, 1971 (amended 2007)

     

    46. (1) The candidate at an election may pay any personal expenses incurred by him on account of or in connection with or incidental to the election up to an amount not exceeding $50; any personal expenses incurred by him in excess of that amount shall be paid by his election agent.

    Source: Article 46 (1), Representation of the People Act, 1971 (amended 2007)

43. Are there limits on the amount that third parties can spend on election campaign activities?
  • CodeSpending limit exists
  • Comment

    The limit of 2 BBD for the individuals.

  • Source

    47.(1) No expenses may, with a view to promoting or procuring the election of a candidate at an election, be incurred by any person other than the candidate, his election agent and persons authorised in writing by the election agent on account of – [...]

    (c) subject to subsection (2), otherwise presenting to the electors the candidate or his views or the extent or nature of his backing or disparaging another candidate.

    (2) Paragraph (c) of subsection (1) shall not – [...]

    (b) apply to any expenses not exceeding in the aggregate the sum of two dollars which may be incurred by an individual and are not incurred in pursuance of a plan suggested by or concerted with others or to expenses incurred by any person in travelling or similar personal expenses.

    Source: Article 47, Representation of the People Act, 1971 (amended 2007)

44. Are there limits on traditional media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeYes, for political parties | Yes, for candidates
  • Comment

    There is a limit of a number of advertisements in radio and TV during an election campaign.

  • Source

    10. (1) Subject to regulation 9, during an election period political parties and individual candidates for the election who are not members of a political party are allowed to purchase broadcasting time for election advertising from broadcasters subject to the following conditions, limitations and restrictions:

    (a) each political party which qualifies for an allocation of broadcasting time under regulation 4 of these Regulations, and each individual candidate for the election who is not a member of a political party but who is validly nominated, is allowed in relation to each radio station,

    (i) in the case of a political party, a maximum number of advertisements calculated on the basis of 5 advertisements for each candidate for the election who is a member of the political party and who is validly nominated; and

    (ii) in the case of an individual candidate, 5 advertisements;

    (b) no single advertisement on radio is to be more than 60 seconds duration, and not less than 96 hours notice must be given to the broadcaster of the number of advertisements to be taken for a given day. Saturdays and Sundays will for this purpose be regarded like any other day;

    (c) each political party which qualifies for an allocation of broadcasting time under regulation 4 of these Regulations, and each individual candidate for the election who is not a member of a political party but who is validly nominated, is allowed in relation to each television station,

    (i) in the case of a political party, a maximum number of advertisements calculated on the basis of 5 advertisements for each candidate for the election who is a member of the political party and who is validly nominated; and

    (ii) in the case of an individual candidate, a maximum number of 5 advertisements;

    (d) no single advertisement on television is to be more than 60 seconds duration, and not less than 96 hours notice must be given to the broadcaster of the number of advertisements to be taken for a given day. Saturdays and Sundays will for this purpose be regarded like any other day.

    (2) There shall be no more than 16 election advertisements in any hour during the course of one day.

    Source: Article 10, Representation of the People (General Elections) (Allocation of Broadcasting Time) Regulations, 1990

45. Are there limits on online media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Source: Representation of the People Act, 1971 (amended 2007)

    Source: Representation of the People (General Elections) (Allocation of Broadcasting Time) Regulations, 1990

46. Do any other restrictions on online media advertisement (beyond limits) exist?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Source: Representation of the People Act, 1971 (amended 2007)

    Source: Representation of the People (General Elections) (Allocation of Broadcasting Time) Regulations, 1990

Question Value
47. Do political parties have to report regularly on their finances?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Source: Representation of the People Act, 1971 (amended 2007)

    Source: Constitution of Barbados, 1966 (amended 2003)

48. Do political parties have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Source: Representation of the People Act, 1971 (amended 2007)

    Source: Constitution of Barbados, 1966 (amended 2003)

49. Do candidates have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    52. (1) Within seven weeks after the day on which the result of the election is declared, the election agent of every candidate at the election shall transmit to the Supervisor of Elections a true return in the Form 5 set out in the Third Schedule, or a form to the like effect, containing in relation to that candidate a statement of all payments made by the election agent together with all bills and receipts.

    (2) The return shall deal under a separate heading or subheading with any expenses included therein

    (a) in respect of which a return is required to be made under subsection (3) of section 47; or

    (b) which are on account of the remuneration or expenses of speakers at public meetings.

    (3) The return shall also contain in respect of that candidate -

    (a) a statement of the amount of personal expenses, if any, paid by him;

    (b) a statement of all disputed claims of which the election agent is aware;

    (c) a statement of all the unpaid claims, if any, of which the election agent is aware, in respect of which the application has been or is about to be made to the Court;

    (d) a statement of all moneys, securities and equivalent of money received by the election agent from the candidate or any other person for the purposes of election expenses incurred or to be incurred, with a statement of the name of every person from whom they are received. [...]

    Source: Article 52, Representation of the People Act, 1971 (amended 2007)

50. Do third parties have to report on election campaign finances?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Source: Representation of the People Act, 1971 (amended 2007)

51. Is information in reports from political parties and/or candidates to be made public?
  • CodeSometimes
  • Comment

    The summary of the report (not whole) must be published in newspapers within 14 days after receiving the reports by the Supervisor of Elections (SoE). Only reports from the candidates are submitted to the SoE.

  • Source

    59. The Supervisor of Elections’ shall, within fourteen days after he receives from the election agent a return as to election expenses, publish a summary of the return in not less than two newspapers circulating in Barbados, accompanied by a notice stating the date on which the return and declaration were received by him and that the return, declaration and accompanying documents may be inspected at the Registration Office.

    Source: Article 59, Representation of the People Act, 1971 (amended 2007)

52. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates reveal the identity of donors?
  • CodeSometimes
  • Comment

    There is no obligation for the political parties to report on their finance.

  • Source

    52 (3) The return shall also contain in respect of that candidate – [...]

    (d) a statement of all moneys, securities and equivalent of money received by the election agent from the candidate or any other person for the purposes of election expenses incurred or to be incurred, with a statement of the name of every person from whom they are received.

    Source: Article 52 (3), Representation of the People Act, 1971 (amended 2007)

53. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized income?
  • CodeSometimes
  • Comment

    Reports from candidates must include itemized information about donation from individuals.

    There are no obligations regarding income from other entities, for example from corporate or Trade Unions.

    There is no obligation for the political parties to report on their finance.

  • Source

    52 (3) The return shall also contain in respect of that candidate – [...]

    (d) a statement of all moneys, securities and equivalent of money received by the election agent from the candidate or any other person for the purposes of election expenses incurred or to be incurred, with a statement of the name of every person from whom they are received.

    Source: Article 52 (3), Representation of the People Act, 1971 (amended 2007)

54. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized spending?
  • CodeSometimes
  • Comment

    Reports from candidates must include information on itemized spending.

    There are no regulations regarding the political parties' reporting

  • Source

    52. (1) Within seven weeks after the day on which the result of the election is declared, the election agent of every candidate at the election shall transmit to the Supervisor of Elections a true return in the Form 5 set out in the Third Schedule, or a form to the like effect, containing in relation to that candidate a statement of all payments made by the election agent together with all bills and receipts.

    (2) The return shall deal under a separate heading or subheading with any expenses included therein

    (a) in respect of which a return is required to be made under subsection (3) of section 47; or

    (b) which are on account of the remuneration or expenses of speakers at public meetings.

    (3) The return shall also contain in respect of that candidate -

    (a) a statement of the amount of personal expenses, if any, paid by him;

    (b) a statement of all disputed claims of which the election agent is aware;

    (c) a statement of all the unpaid claims, if any, of which the election agent is aware, in respect of which the application has been or is about to be made to the Court; [...]

    Source: Article 52, Representation of the People Act, 1971 (amended 2007)

     

55. Which institution(s) receives financial reports from political parties and/or candidates?
  • CodeEMB
  • Comment

    Only reports from candidates.

    There are no regulations regarding the political parties' reporting.

  • Source

    52. (1) Within seven weeks after the day on which the result of the election is declared, the election agent of every candidate at the election shall transmit to the Supervisor of Elections a true return in the Form 5 set out in the Third Schedule, or a form to the like effect, containing in relation to that candidate a statement of all payments made by the election agent together with all bills and receipts.

    Source: Article 52 (1), Representation of the People Act, 1971 (amended 2007)

56. Which institution(s) is responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations?
  • CodeYes, EMB
  • Comment

    Only reports from candidates.

    There are no regulations regarding the political parties' reporting.

  • Source

    52. (1) Within seven weeks after the day on which the result of the election is declared, the election agent of every candidate at the election shall transmit to the Supervisor of Elections a true return in the Form 5 set out in the Third Schedule, or a form to the like effect, containing in relation to that candidate a statement of all payments made by the election agent together with all bills and receipts.

    Source: Article 52 (1), Representation of the People Act, 1971 (amended 2007)

57. What power is granted to the institution(s) responsible for examining reports and/or investigating violations?
  • CodeCarry out investigation
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    55A. (1) Where the Supervisor of Elections is not satisfied that -

    (a) a return submitted under section 47 or 52 is a true return; or

    (b) that a return that should have been made under section 47 has been duly made,

    he may make such investigations as are reasonably necessary for ascertaining the expenses of the candidate in respect of whom the return is submitted.

    Source: Article 55A (1), Representation of the People Act, 1971 (amended 2007)

58. What sanctions are provided for political finance infractions?
  • CodeFines | Prison | Loss of elected office
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    55A.(2) Any person who, without reasonable excuse, fails to answer any question or produce any document reasonably required by the Supervisor of Elections for an investigation under this section is guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine of five hundred dollars or imprisonment for six months or both.
    Source: Article 55A (1), Representation of the People Act, 1971 (amended 2007)

    58.(3) The Court may impose a fine of five hundred dollars on a person who fails to comply with any order issued by the Court under this section.
    Source: Article 58.(3), Representation of the People Act, 1971 (amended 2007)

    54. Where a candidate who has been elected is reported by the Election Court personally guilty or guilty by his election agent of any corrupt or illegal practice his election shall be void.
    Source: Article 54, Election Offences and Controversies, 1969 (amended 1989)

Disclaimer: Maps presented do not imply on the part of the Institute any judgement on the legal status of any territory or the endorsement of such boundaries, nor does the placement or size of any country or territory reflect the political view of International IDEA. Maps are used in order to add visual clarity to data.