Azerbaijan

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Question Value
Legal provisions for mandatory referendums at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for optional referendums at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for citizens' initiatives at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for agenda initiatives at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for recall at national level
  • No
Legal provisions for direct democracy at the regional level
  • Optional referendum
  • Citizens' initiative
  • Agenda initiative
Legal provisions for direct democracy at the local level
  • Optional referendum
  • Citizens' initiative
  • Agenda initiative
Legal basis for direct democracy at the national level
  • Constitutional
  • Specific laws/legislation
Legal basis for administrative requirements at the national level
  • Specific laws/legislation
Who administers direct democracy mechanisms at the national level?
  • Independent electoral commission
First referendum/initiative held
    Has there been a national referendum since 1980?
    • Yes

    Question Value
    Issues in relation to which referendums are mandatory at the national level
    • Constitutional amendments
    • Any change in state borders
    Issues in relation to which referendums are optional at the national level
    • Any issue of national importance, except those excluded
    Issues excluded from being the subject of referendums at the national level
    • Civil service
    • Taxes and public expenditure commitments
    • Amnesty and pardon
    Issues of sub-national referendums regulated at the national level
    • Devolution
    • Creation/merger/abolition of sub-national territories
    • Public policy issues
    Who can initiate an optional referendum at the national level?
    • President
    • Legislative majority
    • Registered electors
    • Supreme Court of the Azerbaijan Republic; the Prosecutor's Office of Azerbaijan Republic; and Ali Majlis of Nakhchyvan Autonomous Republic
    Who drafts the referendum question?
    • Mandatory referendum - Independent electoral commission
    • Optional referendum - Independent electoral commission
    Who decides on the final form of the ballot text?
    • Mandatory referendum - Independent electoral commission
    • Optional referendum - Independent electoral commission
    Quorum requirements for a referendum to be valid
    • Mandatory referendum - turnout quorum
    • Optional referendum - turnout quorum
    Requirements for a referendum to pass
    • Mandatory referendum - simple majority
    • Optional referendum - simple majority
    Are referendum results binding?
    • Mandatory referendum - always
    • Optional referendum - always

    Question Value
    Issues that can be proposed by citizens using the initiative process at the national level
    • Citizens' initiatives - legislative proposals
    • Agenda initiatives - legislative proposals
    Issues excluded from being the subject of an initiative at the national level
    • Civil service
    • Taxes and public expenditure commitments
    • Amnesty and pardon
    Who may propose the registration of an initiative?
    • Citizens' initiative - a number of individuals
    Materials to accompany an application for registration
    • Full proposed text
    Who determines the title of an initiative?
    • Citizens' initiative - proponents of the initiative
    • Agenda initiative - proponents of the initiative
    What disqualifies a proposed title of an initiative?
    • Not specified by legislation
    Who is responsible for checking the legality of initiatives?
    • Independent electoral commission
    At which stage legality check is conducted?
    • After its submission but before the registration of an initiative
    Who decides the final ballot text when the initiative is put to a vote?
    • Agency which administers direct democracy mechanisms
    When does voting take place once an initiative is qualified for ballot?
    • Not specified by legislation

    Question Value
    Which individuals/positions may be subject to the recall?
      What are the grounds for recall?
        What restrictions are there in relation to the time period in which an individual or position can be recalled?
          When is the recall put to the vote?
            When does the election to replace an individual who has been recalled take place?
              Can an individual who is the subject of a recall stand on the ballot for his/her own replacement?

                Question Value
                How many signatures are required to start the formal decision making stage of a direct democracy mechanism?
                • Referendum - fixed number
                • Citizens' Initiative - fixed number
                • Agenda Initiative - fixed number
                What is the deadline for collecting required number of signatures?
                • Referendum - fixed time period
                • Citizens' Initiative - fixed time period
                • Agenda Initiative - fixed time period
                Restrictions in relation to the individuals who can sign the proposal
                • Referendum - signatories must be registered electors in a specified electoral district
                • Citizens' Initiative - signatories must be registered electors in a specified electoral district
                Where can proposals be signed?
                • Anywhere
                What information must signatories provide when signing the proposal?
                • Identity or voting card number
                Restrictions in relation to signature collection
                • Requirement for signature collectors to be registered electors
                What forms of checks are undertaken to verify signatures?
                • All signatures are checked
                Who checks the signatures?
                • Agency responsible for the administration of direct democracy mechanisms