Antigua and Barbuda

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Question Value
1. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Source: Section 43, Representation of the People (Amendment) Act 2001, 2001

2. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Source: Section 43, Representation of the People (Amendment) Act 2001, 2001

3. Is there a ban on corporate donations to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Source: Section 43, Representation of the People (Amendment) Act 2001, 2001

4. Is there a ban on corporate donations to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Section 43, Representation of the People (Amendment) Act 2001, 2001

5. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Section 43, Representation of the People (Amendment) Act 2001, 2001

6. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Section 43, Representation of the People (Amendment) Act 2001, 2001

7. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to political parties?
  • CodeNo, but specific limit
  • Comment

    The anonymous donations allowed if they do not exceed 5,000 XCD.

  • Source

    (2) No political party shall accept any monetary or other contribution exceeding five thousand dollars unless it can identify the source of the money or other contribution to the Commission.

    Source: Section 43, Representation of the People (Amendment) Act 2001, 2001

8. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    There is no reference in the Act to donations for candidates.

  • Source

    Source: Section 43, Representation of the People (Amendment) Act 2001, 2001

9. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Source: Section 43, Representation of the People (Amendment) Act 2001, 2001

10. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Source: Section 43, Representation of the People (Amendment) Act 2001, 2001

11. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Source: Section 43, Representation of the People (Amendment) Act 2001, 2001

12. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Source: Section 43, Representation of the People (Amendment) Act 2001, 2001

13. Is there a ban on the use of state resources in favour or against a political party or candidate?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    The requirement for public media (and private as well) to be neutral in its reporting and provide equitable access to all political parties and independent candidates.

  • Source

    (2) The Commission shall, in allocating free time and space made available by the publicly owned media, take account of all relevant factors.

    (3) The Commission shall ensure that media organisations acknowledge their obligation to provide equitable access and opportunity to all political parties and independent candidates, (where applicable) without discrimination, to purchase space in newspapers and prime time on radio and television stations to promote their respective views during an election campaign period.

    Source: Section 62, Representation of the People (Amendment) Act 2002, 2002

     

14. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Source: Section 43, Representation of the People (Amendment) Act 2001, 2001

15. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source
16. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Source: Section 43, Representation of the People (Amendment) Act 2001, 2001

17. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source
18. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Source: Section 43, Representation of the People (Amendment) Act 2001, 2001

19. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source
20. Is there a limit on the amount a candidate can contribute to their own election campaign?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Source: Section 43, Representation of the People (Amendment) Act 2001, 2001

21. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Source: Section 43, Representation of the People (Amendment) Act 2001, 2001

22. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    There is no reference in the Act to donations for candidates.

  • Source

    Source: Section 43, Representation of the People (Amendment) Act 2001, 2001

23. Is there a ban on political parties engaging in commercial activities?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Source: Section 43, Representation of the People (Amendment) Act 2001, 2001

24. Is there a ban on political parties taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    There is no reference in the Act to political parties taking loans.

  • Source

    Source: Section 43, Representation of the People (Amendment) Act 2001, 2001

25. Is there a ban on candidates taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    There is no reference in the Act to the candidates taking loans.

  • Source

    Source: Section 43, Representation of the People (Amendment) Act 2001, 2001

26. Is there a ban on donors to political parties/candidates participating in public tender/procurement processes?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    The Act does not refer to the donors to political parties/candidates .

  • Source

    Source: Tenders Board Act, 1991

    Source: Tenders Board (Amendment) Act 2002, 2002

27. Are there provisions requiring donations to go through the banking system?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Source: Section 43, Representation of the People (Amendment) Act 2001, 2001

Question Value
28. Are there provisions for direct public funding to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Source: Section 43, Representation of the People (Amendment) Act 2001, 2001

29. What are the eligibility criteria for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
  • Source
30. What is the allocation calculation for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source
31. What are the provisions on 'ear marking' direct public funding to political parties (how it should be used)?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source
32. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    (2) The Commission shall, in allocating free time and space made available by the publicly owned media, take account of all relevant factors.

    Source: Section 62, Representation of the People (Amendment) Act 2002, 2002

33. What criteria determine allocation for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeEqual
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    (2) The Commission shall, in allocating free time and space made available by the publicly owned media, take account of all relevant factors.

    Source: Section 62, Representation of the People (Amendment) Act 2002, 2002

34. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    (2) The Commission shall, in allocating free time and space made available by the publicly owned media, take account of all relevant factors.

    Source: Section 62, Representation of the People (Amendment) Act 2002, 2002

35. Are there provisions for any other form of indirect public funding?
  • CodePremises for campaign meetings
  • Comment

    Right to use public school rooms for election meeting.

  • Source

    37. (1) Subject to this section, a candidate at an election is public school entitled, for purposes of holding a public meeting for promoting or procuring the election of a candidate, to the use at all reasonable times during the period commencing on the day on which the notice of election is given, and ending on the day preceding the day of election, of any suitable room in any public school situated within the constituency for which he is a candidate.

    Source: Section 37, Representation of the People (Amendment) Act 2001, 2001

36. Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties tied to gender equality among candidates?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source
37. Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

Question Value
38. Is there a ban on vote buying?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    (2) A person is guilty of bribery if he, directly or indirectly, by himself or by any other person on his behalf

    (a) gives any money or procures any office to or for any voter or to or for any other person on behalf of any voter or to or for any other person in order to induce any voter to vote or refrain from voting;

    (b) corruptly does any such act as aforesaid on account of any voter having voted or refrained from voting; or

    (c) makes any such gift or procurement as aforesaid to or for any other person in order to induce that person to procure the return of any person at an election or the vote of any voter; or

    (d) if upon or in consequence of any such gift or procurement as aforesaid he procures or engages, promises or endeavours to procure the return of any person at an election or the vote of any person at an election or the vote of any voter.

    Source: Section 29, Representation of the People (Amendment) Act 2001, 2001

39. Are there limits on the amount a political party can spend?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Source: Section 43, Representation of the People (Amendment) Act 2001, 2001

40. If there are limits on the amount a political party can spend, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source
41. Are there limits on the amount a candidate can spend?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Source: Section 43, Representation of the People (Amendment) Act 2001, 2001

42. If there are limits on the amount a candidate can spend, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source
43. Are there limits on the amount that third parties can spend on election campaign activities?
  • CodeThird parties banned from campaign spending
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    (8) Where a person knowingly provides money for any payment which is contrary to the provisions of this Act, or for replacing any money expended in any such payment or expenses, except where the payment or the incurring of the expenses may have been previously allowed under this Act that person commits an offence.

    Source: Section 39, Representation of the People (Amendment) Act 2001, 2001

44. Are there limits on traditional media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Source: Section 43, Representation of the People (Amendment) Act 2001, 2001

    Source: Section 62, Representation of the People (Amendment) Act 2002, 2002

45. Are there limits on online media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Source: Section 43, Representation of the People (Amendment) Act 2001, 2001

    Source: Section 62, Representation of the People (Amendment) Act 2002, 2002

46. Do any other restrictions on online media advertisement (beyond limits) exist?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Source: Section 43, Representation of the People (Amendment) Act 2001, 2001

    Source: Section 62, Representation of the People (Amendment) Act 2002, 2002

Question Value
47. Do political parties have to report regularly on their finances?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Source: Section 43, Representation of the People (Amendment) Act 2001, 2001

48. Do political parties have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Every political party procuring the election of a candidate shall, within six weeks aftert the announcement of the results of the election, file a report of the contributions made by individuals and entities to the Commission. Report does not cover election campaign expenditures.

  • Source

    (1) Every political party shall keep an account book into which shall be recorded

    (a) all monetary and other forms of contributions received by him during an election. [...]

    (3) Every political party procuring the election of a candidate shall, within six weeks after the announcement of the results of the election, file a report of the contributions made by individuals and entities to the Commission. [...]

    (5) Every political party shall have its accounts audited within six months after an election that it contested.

    Source: Section 43, Representation of the People (Amendment) Act 2001, 2001

49. Do candidates have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Source: Section 43, Representation of the People (Amendment) Act 2001, 2001

50. Do third parties have to report on election campaign finances?
  • CodeThird parties are banned from participating in campaigns
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    (8) Where a person knowingly provides money for any payment which is contrary to the provisions of this Act, or for replacing any money expended in any such payment or expenses, except where the payment or the incurring of the expenses may have been previously allowed under this Act that person commits an offence.

    Source: Section 39, Representation of the People (Amendment) Act 2001, 2001

51. Is information in reports from political parties and/or candidates to be made public?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Source: Section 43, Representation of the People (Amendment) Act 2001, 2001

52. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates reveal the identity of donors?
  • CodeSometimes
  • Comment

    The political parties need to record identity of the donors who contribute more than 25,000 XCD

  • Source

    (1) Every political party shall keep an account book into which shall be recorded [...]

    (b) the name and address of any person or entity who contributes any money or other thing which exceeds twenty-five thousand dollars.

    Source: Section 43, Representation of the People (Amendment) Act 2001, 2001

53. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized income?
  • CodeSometimes
  • Comment

    The political parties must report itemized income related to an election campaign.

  • Source

    (3) Every political party procuring the election of a candidate shall, within six weeks after the announcement of the results of the election, file a report of the contributions made by individuals and entities to the Commission.

    Source: Section 43, Representation of the People (Amendment) Act 2001, 2001

54. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized spending?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Source: Section 43, Representation of the People (Amendment) Act 2001, 2001

55. Which institution(s) receives financial reports from political parties and/or candidates?
  • CodeEMB
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    (3) Every political party procuring the election of a candidate shall, within six weeks after the announcement of the results of the election, file a report of the contributions made by individuals and entities to the Commission.

    Source: Section 43, Representation of the People (Amendment) Act 2001, 2001

56. Which institution(s) is responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations?
  • CodeYes, EMB
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    (4) Every political party shall grant to any officer of the Commission authorised in writing, access to examine the records and audited accounts kept by the political party in accordance with this section and, on request, shall give all such information as may be requested in relation to all contributions received by or on behalf of the party.

    (5) Every political party shall have its accounts audited within six months after an election that it contested.

    (6) The Commission shall impose a penalty of two thousand dollars a day on any party or organization who fails to comply with this section

    Source: Section 43, Representation of the People (Amendment) Act 2001, 2001

57. What power is granted to the institution(s) responsible for examining reports and/or investigating violations?
  • CodeRequest additional information from potential violator | Impose sanctions
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    (4) Every political party shall grant to any officer of the Commission authorised in writing, access to examine the records and audited accounts kept by the political party in accordance with this section and, on request, shall give all such information as may be requested in relation to all contributions received by or on behalf of the party.

    (5) Every political party shall have its accounts audited within six months after an election that it contested.

    (6) The Commission shall impose a penalty of two thousand dollars a day on any party or organization who fails to comply with this section

    Source: Section 43, Representation of the People (Amendment) Act 2001, 2001

58. What sanctions are provided for political finance infractions?
  • CodeFines | Loss of political rights | Loss of elected office
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    1) If a candidate who has been elected is reported by an election court personally guilty or guilty by his agents of any corrupt or illegal practice his election shall be void.

    Source: Section 65, Representation of the People Act, 1975

     

    (3) A candidate or other person reported by an election court personally guilty of a corrupt practice shall for five years from the date of the report be incapable

    (a) of being registered as an elector or voting at any election in Antigua and Barbuda;
    (b) of being elected to and sitting in the House of Representatives; and
    (c) of holding any public or judicial office, and, if already elected to the House of Representatives or holding such office, shall from the said date vacate the seat or office.

    (4) A candidate or other person reported by an election court personally guilty of an illegal practice shall for five years from the date of the report be incapable of being registered i as an elector or voting at any election held for or within the constituency for which it was held or for or within any constituency area wholly or partly within the area of the firstmentioned constituency as constituted for the purpose of the election.

    Source: Section 66, Representation of the People Act, 1975

     

    (6) The Commission shall impose a penalty of two thousand dollars a day on any party or organization who fails to comply with this section.

    Source: Section 43, Representation of the People (Amendment) Act 2001, 2001

Disclaimer: Maps presented do not imply on the part of the Institute any judgement on the legal status of any territory or the endorsement of such boundaries, nor does the placement or size of any country or territory reflect the political view of International IDEA. Maps are used in order to add visual clarity to data.