Italy

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Question Value
1. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    donations from foreign interests to political parties are allowed; they are regulated as other kinds of donations.

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2. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment.
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3. Is there a ban on corporate donations to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • CommentDonations form legal persons are not banned; each legal persons however cannot exceed the amount of 100.000 ? per year.
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4. Is there a ban on corporate donations to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • CommentCorporate donations are allowed up to a certain limits. The 2014 law also allows corporations to be eligible for tax deduction up to 26 per cent on the donations made in favor of political parties.
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5. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment.
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6. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment.
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7. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to political parties?
  • CodeYes, above certain threshold
  • CommentThe law allows anonymous donations of up to EUR 5,000 per year for a political party.
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8. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to candidates?
  • CodeYes, above certain threshold
  • CommentThe law allows anonymous donations of up to EUR 5,000 for candidates.
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9. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to political parties?
10. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to candidates?
11. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to political parties?
12. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to candidates?
13. Is there a ban on the use of state resources in favour or against a political party or candidate?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentPublic media must be neutral.
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14. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period?
  • CodeYes, for both natural and legal persons
  • Comment

    Same limit applies for legal and natural persons

  • Source

     

    'New legislation introduced a limit on donations to political parties. This is the first such limit applied in Italy. Under article 7 of law 13/2014, ?Physical persons? donations in favour of a single political party shall not exceed, in cash or with goods or services of any kind or form, [?.],a value of 100,000 euros [136,137 USD] yearly. (..) New legislation introduced a limit on corporate donations to political parties. This is the first such limit applied in Italy. Under article 7 of the law 13/2014, ?Legal persons? donations in favour of a single political party shall not exceed, in cash or with goods or services of any kind or form, [?.],a value of 100,000 euros [136,137 USD] yearly.? ? (Source: Money, Politics &Transparency: Italy. 2016. Available at: http://data.moneypoliticstransparency.org/countries/IT/)

15. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period, what is the limit?
  • Code 100,000 euros /year
  • Comment100,000/year for natural and legal persons
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16. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    Regular limit applies

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17. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
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18. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment.
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19. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
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20. Is there a limit on the amount a candidate can contribute to their own election campaign?
21. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to political parties?
22. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to candidates?
23. Is there a ban on political parties engaging in commercial activities?
24. Is there a ban on political parties taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
25. Is there a ban on candidates taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
26. Is there a ban on donors to political parties/candidates participating in public tender/procurement processes?
27. Are there provisions requiring donations to go through the banking system?

Question Value
28. Are there provisions for direct public funding to political parties?
  • CodeNo public funding available
  • CommentHowever, tax deductions are made for donations from both natural and juridical persons.
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29. What are the eligibility criteria for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
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30. What is the allocation calculation for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
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31. What are the provisions on 'ear marking' direct public funding to political parties (how it should be used)?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
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32. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment.
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33. What criteria determine allocation for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeEqual
  • CommentAssuming party has nominated candidates for at least 25% of seats (or represents a minority).
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34. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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35. Are there provisions for any other form of indirect public funding?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentTax deductions is available for donations to political parties; moreover, individuals can allocate the 2 per thousand of the 'IRPEF' (tax on the revenues of physical persons) to political parties. Space is provided for campaign activities and for posters during election campaigns, and parties do not have to pay for statutes' registration.
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36. Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties tied to gender equality among candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • CommentPublic funding has been abolished in 2014. (See Q.28 for others provisions referred to gender)
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37. Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties?
  • CodeYes, funds earmarked for gender activities | Other
  • CommentThe mechanism is related to gender quotas, and applies to both National and European elections. If one of the two genders is represented less than the 40 per cent of the overall number of candidates to each election, parties can lose up to the 10 per cent of the funds that they receive from the allocations of 2 per thousand of the tax on the revenues of natural persons; In addition to that, parties that do not use at least the 10 per cent of their income from 2 per thousand of the tax on the revenues of natural persons for activities aimed at enhancing the participation of women in politics, have to pay administrative fines (20% of the income coming from 2 per thousand). The resource that are not assigned because of these rules, are then reassigned to those parties that observed the 40 per cent gender quota, in proportions to the votes received in the current election.
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Question Value
38. Is there a ban on vote buying?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentThe provision is aimed at vote buying by 'maffia-type' organisations.
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39. Are there limits on the amount a political party can spend?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentLimits apply only to election campaigns
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40. If there are limits on the amount a political party can spend, what is the limit?
  • Code The limit is one euro per vote cast to a party for the elections to the Chamber and one euro per vote cast for the Senate elections.
  • Comment
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41. Are there limits on the amount a candidate can spend?
  • CodeYes
  • Commentrestriction to candidates' spending apply both to the local level and the european level.
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42. If there are limits on the amount a candidate can spend, what is the limit?
  • Code In addition to the limit for political parties, candidates can spend EUR 52,000 plus EUR 0.1 per citizen in the electoral district.
  • Comment
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43. Are there limits on the amount that third parties can spend on election campaign activities?
44. Are there limits on traditional media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
45. Are there limits on online media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
46. Do any other restrictions on online media advertisement (beyond limits) exist?

Question Value
47. Do political parties have to report regularly on their finances?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentPolitical parties should report at least once a year on their financial situation.
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48. Do political parties have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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49. Do candidates have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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50. Do third parties have to report on election campaign finances?
51. Is information in reports from political parties and/or candidates to be made public?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentParty financial accounts must be published on the websites of the political parties, the website of the Chamber of Deputies, as well as in newspapers, and the Official Gazette of the State.
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52. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates reveal the identity of donors?
  • CodeSometimes
  • CommentDonations must be reported when above 5,000 euro, yearly.
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53. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized income?
54. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized spending?
55. Which institution(s) receives financial reports from political parties and/or candidates?
  • CodeSpecial agency for political finance
  • CommentCommission for the guarantee of the political parties' statutes and for the transparency and the control of their accounts
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56. Which institution(s) is responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations?
  • CodeSpecial agency for political finance
  • CommentThe 'Commission for the guarantee of the statute and for the transparency of the political parties? balance sheets' has exclusive competence to control over the regularity and the conformity of parties' financial reports.
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57. What power is granted to the institution(s) responsible for examining reports and/or investigating violations?
58. What sanctions are provided for political finance infractions?
  • CodeFines | Deregistration of party | Loss of elected office
  • CommentIn case of non compliance with regulations, political parties are both fined and in specific cases excluded by the political parties's register for the next year; in this way they cannot receive indirect funding.
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Disclaimer: Maps presented do not imply on the part of the Institute any judgement on the legal status of any territory or the endorsement of such boundaries, nor does the placement or size of any country or territory reflect the political view of International IDEA. Maps are used in order to add visual clarity to data.