Vanuatu

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Question Value
1. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to political parties?
2. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to candidates?
3. Is there a ban on corporate donations to political parties?
4. Is there a ban on corporate donations to candidates?
5. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to political parties?
6. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to candidates?
7. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to political parties?
8. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to candidates?
9. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to political parties?
10. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to candidates?
11. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to political parties?
12. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
13. Is there a ban on the use of state resources in favour or against a political party or candidate?
14. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period?
15. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
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16. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election?
17. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
  • Source
18. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate?
19. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
  • Source
20. Is there a limit on the amount a candidate can contribute to their own election campaign?
21. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to political parties?
22. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to candidates?
23. Is there a ban on political parties engaging in commercial activities?
24. Is there a ban on political parties taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
25. Is there a ban on candidates taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
26. Is there a ban on donors to political parties/candidates participating in public tender/procurement processes?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

     Restrictions are limited

     

     

  • Source

       The January 2014 amendments to Article 13 (3) of the Constitution of the Republic of Vanuatu introduced specifications for the “investor-citizen” category that prevent them from being involved in Vanuatu politics, funding activities that would support political stability in Vanuatu and affiliating or forming political parties. Indigenous and naturalized citizens are exempt from these restrictions. However, there is no assigned regulatory authority to monitor this activity. 

    Source: Vanuatu Global Integrity Report 2013

    https://www.globalintegrity.org/research/reports/global-integrity-report/global-integrity-report-2013/gir-scorecard-2013-vanuatu/

27. Are there provisions requiring donations to go through the banking system?

Question Value
28. Are there provisions for direct public funding to political parties?
29. What are the eligibility criteria for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeNot applicable
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30. What is the allocation calculation for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeNot applicable
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31. What are the provisions on 'ear marking' direct public funding to political parties (how it should be used)?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
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32. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
33. What criteria determine allocation for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeNot applicable
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34. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for candidates?
35. Are there provisions for any other form of indirect public funding?
36. Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties tied to gender equality among candidates?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
  • Source
37. Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties?

Question Value
38. Is there a ban on vote buying?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

     Bribery is an offence under Part 15 of the Representation of the People Act, 1982.

  • Source

            "A person commits the offence of bribery if he directly or indirectly by himself or by any other person carries out any of the following actions:

    (i)         gives any money or procures any office to or for any voter or to or for any other person on behalf of any voter or to or for any other person in order to induce any voter to vote or refrain from voting;

    (ii)        corruptly does any such act on account of any voter having voted or refrained from voting; or

    (iii)       makes any such gift or procurement to or for any person in order to induce that person to procure, or endeavour to procure, the election of any candidate or the vote of any voter;

    or if upon or in consequence of any such gift or procurement he procures or engages, promises or endeavours to procure the election of any candidate or the vote of any voter"

    Source: Section 45 (1) Representation of the People Act, 1982.

     

     

     

     

39. Are there limits on the amount a political party can spend?
40. If there are limits on the amount a political party can spend, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
  • Source
41. Are there limits on the amount a candidate can spend?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    There is no legislation regulating candidate expenditure in Vanuatu. However, there is provision within the Leadership Code Act [CAP 240, sections 31, 32, and 33) for candidates who held leadership positions (not only elected officials, but also political appointees and public servants) to provide annual returns on income and assets. Any decease in assets and income at the time of an election could provide an indirect measure of candidate campaign expediture for leaders.

  • Source

     

    Vanuatu Global Integrity Report 2013

    https://www.globalintegrity.org/research/reports/global-integrity-report/global-integrity-report-2013/gir-scorecard-2013-vanuatu/

42. If there are limits on the amount a candidate can spend, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
  • Source
43. Are there limits on the amount that third parties can spend on election campaign activities?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    There is no legislation regulating election expenditure by third parties.  The closest approximation to transparent financing is found in the Leadership Code Act [CAP 240] (sections 31, 32 and 33) which requires leaders, who may be third parties, to provide annual returns on income and assets disposed of in accordance with the Act.

    Of relevance are the January 2014 amendments to Article 13 (3) of the Constitution of the Republic of Vanuatu which introduced specifications for the “investor-citizen” category that prevent them from being involved in Vanuatu politics, funding activities that would support political stability in Vanuatu and affiliating or forming political parties. Indigenous and naturalized citizens are exempt from these restrictions. However, there is no assigned regulatory authority to monitor this activity.

     

  • Source

    Source: Official Gazette No. 2 of the Republic of Vanuatu. January 21, 2014. Constitution (Sixth) Amendment Act no. 27 of 2013 and Citizenship (Amendment) Act no. 39 of 2013.

    Source:  Vanuatu Global Integrity Report 2013

    https://www.globalintegrity.org/research/reports/global-integrity-report/global-integrity-report-2013/gir-scorecard-2013-vanuatu/

44. Are there limits on traditional media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    Blank

  • Source

    Source: Vanuatu  Broadcasting and Television Act, 1992.

45. Are there limits on online media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Source: Vanuatu  Broadcasting and Television Act, 1992.

46. Do any other restrictions on online media advertisement (beyond limits) exist?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    Blank

  • Source

    Source: Vanuatu  Broadcasting and Television Act, 1992.

Question Value
47. Do political parties have to report regularly on their finances?
48. Do political parties have to report on their election campaign finances?
49. Do candidates have to report on their election campaign finances?
50. Do third parties have to report on election campaign finances?
51. Is information in reports from political parties and/or candidates to be made public?
  • CodeNot applicable
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52. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates reveal the identity of donors?
  • CodeNot applicable
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53. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized income?
  • CodeNot applicable
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54. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized spending?
  • CodeNot applicable
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55. Which institution(s) receives financial reports from political parties and/or candidates?
56. Which institution(s) is responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations?
  • CodeOther
  • Comment

    The Ombudsman is responsible for investigation of breaches of the Leadership Code

  • Source

    34. a) if the Ombudsman receives a complaint from a person that a leader has breached this Code. or (b) if the Ombudsman has formed the view on reasonable grounds that a leader may have breached this Code.

     

    Source:Section 34, Leadership Code Act, 1998

57. What power is granted to the institution(s) responsible for examining reports and/or investigating violations?
58. What sanctions are provided for political finance infractions?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
  • Source

Disclaimer: Maps presented do not imply on the part of the Institute any judgement on the legal status of any territory or the endorsement of such boundaries, nor does the placement or size of any country or territory reflect the political view of International IDEA. Maps are used in order to add visual clarity to data.