Uruguay

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Question Value
1. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source
2. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source
3. Is there a ban on corporate donations to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source
4. Is there a ban on corporate donations to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
5. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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6. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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7. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to political parties?
  • CodeYes, above certain threshold
  • CommentAnonymous contributions may not exceed 4,000 Indexed Units and under no circumstances can anonymous donations exceed 15% of the political parties reported incomes in a year.
  • Source
8. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to candidates?
  • CodeYes, above certain threshold
  • CommentDonations below 4,000 UI are allowed. Anonymous donations can under no circumstances exceed 15% of the reported income during a year.
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9. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to political parties?
10. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to candidates?
11. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to political parties?
12. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to candidates?
13. Is there a ban on the use of state resources in favour or against a political party or candidate?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentInvolvement of public officers in political propaganda activities during labor days and hours is regarded as an ilicit activity.
  • Source
14. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period?
  • CodeYes, for natural persons
  • Comment
  • Source

    Art. 43 “Las donaciones que reciban los partidos políticos, sus sectores internos o listas de candidatos, no podrán exceder la cantidad de 300.000 UI por cada donante en el año civil. Cuando el aporte sea realizado por un candidato a un cargo electivo éste podrá triplicar el monto establecido”. (Source: (Ley No. 18.845 de Partidos Políticos, 2009) )

15. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period, what is the limit?
  • Code Annual limit is UI 300,000 [I$ 17,000] (10,000 [I$ 580] for corporations with public service provision contracts)
  • CommentContributions from party representatives and elected officers are also limited yearly to 900,000 UI.
  • Source
16. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election?
17. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • CommentContributions from party representatives and elected officers are also limited yearly to 900,000 UI.
  • Source
18. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate?
19. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate, what is the limit?
  • Code Limit is 300,000 UI [I$ 17,000] yearly, 10,000 UI [I$ 580] for corporations with public service provision contracts.
  • CommentContributions from party representatives and elected officers are also limited yearly to 900,000 UI.
  • Source
20. Is there a limit on the amount a candidate can contribute to their own election campaign?
21. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to political parties?
22. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to candidates?
23. Is there a ban on political parties engaging in commercial activities?
24. Is there a ban on political parties taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
25. Is there a ban on candidates taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
26. Is there a ban on donors to political parties/candidates participating in public tender/procurement processes?
27. Are there provisions requiring donations to go through the banking system?

Question Value
28. Are there provisions for direct public funding to political parties?
  • CodeYes, both regularly and in relation to campaigns
  • Comment
  • Source
29. What are the eligibility criteria for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeRepresentation in elected body
  • CommentObtaining votes in the national election or in the municipal election and having presented the sworn statement of campaign expenses in proper time and form as per Law No. 18,485. In order to obtain permanent financing one must have legislative representation.
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30. What is the allocation calculation for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeFlat rate by votes received
  • CommentFor campaign expenses, parties receive a flat rate of 87 indexed units per each valid vote obtained in the previous presidential election.
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31. What are the provisions on 'ear marking' direct public funding to political parties (how it should be used)?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
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32. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentFree access is granted for 50 days in case of general elections, and for 40 days in case of primaries.
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33. What criteria determine allocation for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeEqual
  • CommentAll parties that obtained at least 3% of the votes casted in the open primaries are entitled to two minutes of free media access.
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34. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Only to presidential candidates from political parties with representation in Parliament (5 minutes at the beginning and 15 minutes at the end of the campaign period, and 2 minutes throughout the campaign period).

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35. Are there provisions for any other form of indirect public funding?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Assets and properties acquired by parties with public funding and devoted to party activities are tax exempted.

    ?

    Their bank accounts are also tax exempted.
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36. Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties tied to gender equality among candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
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37. Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

Question Value
38. Is there a ban on vote buying?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentVote buying is regarded as an electoral offence.
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39. Are there limits on the amount a political party can spend?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
40. If there are limits on the amount a political party can spend, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
  • Source
41. Are there limits on the amount a candidate can spend?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
42. If there are limits on the amount a candidate can spend, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
  • Source
43. Are there limits on the amount that third parties can spend on election campaign activities?
44. Are there limits on traditional media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
45. Are there limits on online media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
46. Do any other restrictions on online media advertisement (beyond limits) exist?

Question Value
47. Do political parties have to report regularly on their finances?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentAnnually
  • Source
48. Do political parties have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentPreliminary financial reports before the elections and one final after.
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49. Do candidates have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentLists of candidates have to submit preliminary and final financial reports
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50. Do third parties have to report on election campaign finances?
51. Is information in reports from political parties and/or candidates to be made public?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentFinancial reports submitted to the EMB are regarded as public and can be inspected by anyone interested without any restriction. Reports shall be posted in the web site of the EMB and published in the official gazette.
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52. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates reveal the identity of donors?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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53. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized income?
54. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized spending?
55. Which institution(s) receives financial reports from political parties and/or candidates?
  • CodeEMB
  • Comment
  • Source
56. Which institution(s) is responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations?
  • CodeEMB
  • Comment
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57. What power is granted to the institution(s) responsible for examining reports and/or investigating violations?
58. What sanctions are provided for political finance infractions?
  • CodeFines | Other
  • CommentCorporations with contracts for the provision of public services could lose the franchise, and those with contracts for the development of public infrastructure could lose the possibility to make a bid in any future tender.
  • Source

Disclaimer: Maps presented do not imply on the part of the Institute any judgement on the legal status of any territory or the endorsement of such boundaries, nor does the placement or size of any country or territory reflect the political view of International IDEA. Maps are used in order to add visual clarity to data.