United States

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Question Value
1. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentBoth direct and indirect donations of cash or other things of value are banned, as well as promising or implying donations.
  • Source
2. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentBoth direct and indirect donations of cash or other things of value are banned, as well as promising or implying donations.
  • Source
3. Is there a ban on corporate donations to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentCorporations and labor organizations may however establish Political Action Committees (PACs) where they can?raise voluntary contributions from a restricted class of individuals and use those funds to support federal candidates and political committees.
  • Source
4. Is there a ban on corporate donations to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source
5. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentIt is unlawful for labor organizations to make a contribution or expenditure in connection with any election to any political office.
  • Source
6. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentIt is unlawful for labor organizations to make a contribution or expenditure in connection with any election to any political office.
  • Sourcehttp://online.wsj.com/articles/SB10001424052702304782404577488584031850026
7. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to political parties?
  • CodeYes, above certain threshold
  • CommentIf an anonymous cash contribution over $50 is received, the amount must be used for some purpose unrelated to federal elections.
  • SourceIndividuals and Corporation can start or donate to a Super PAC and remain anonymous. A Super PAC's donors can remain totally anonymous as there is no law stating they must disclose their donors.
8. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to candidates?
  • CodeYes, above certain threshold
  • CommentIf an anonymous cash contribution over $50 is received, the amount must be used for some purpose unrelated to federal elections.
  • Source
9. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to political parties?
10. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to candidates?
11. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to political parties?
12. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to candidates?
13. Is there a ban on the use of state resources in favour or against a political party or candidate?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentFederal employees face limits to their involvement in election campaigns
  • Source
14. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period?
  • CodeYes, for natural persons
  • Comment

    See current limits at: http://www.fec.gov/ans/answers_general.shtml#How_much_can_I_contribute

  • Source

    See table at: http://www.fec.gov/ans/answers_general.shtml#How_much_can_I_contribute (Source: Federal Election Commission)

15. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period, what is the limit?
  • Code There are different limits depending on the type of the contributor.
  • CommentThere are different limits depending on who contributes. See table at: http://www.fec.gov/ans/answers_general.shtml#How_much_can_I_contribute
  • Source
16. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election?
17. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
  • Source
18. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate?
19. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate, what is the limit?
  • Code There are different limits depending on who the contributor is.
  • CommentThere are different limits depending on who contributes. See table at: http://www.fec.gov/ans/answers_general.shtml#How_much_can_I_contribute
  • Source
20. Is there a limit on the amount a candidate can contribute to their own election campaign?
21. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to political parties?
22. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to candidates?
23. Is there a ban on political parties engaging in commercial activities?
24. Is there a ban on political parties taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
25. Is there a ban on candidates taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
26. Is there a ban on donors to political parties/candidates participating in public tender/procurement processes?
27. Are there provisions requiring donations to go through the banking system?

Question Value
28. Are there provisions for direct public funding to political parties?
  • CodeYes, in relation to campaigns
  • CommentPublic funding is only provided to the party convention committees and candidates. Presidential candidates who accept the public funding must limit spending to the amount of the grant. There are public grants available for candidates in both the primary and general elections.
  • Source
29. What are the eligibility criteria for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeShare of votes in previous election | Share of votes in next election | Limiting campaign spending
  • CommentMajor parties are entitled to public funding, minor parties may be eligible if they fulfill certain criteria.
  • Source
30. What is the allocation calculation for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeEqual
  • CommentPublic funding is distributed equally between eligble major parties in the general election. Minor parties eligible for public funding recieves an amount which bears the same ratio to the major parties public funding as the number of popular votes recieved ?in the previous presidential election does to the average number of popular votes recieved by the major parties.?
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31. What are the provisions on 'ear marking' direct public funding to political parties (how it should be used)?
  • Code Presidential nominating convention
  • CommentFunding is ear marked to be used for Presidential nominating conventions.
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32. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
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33. What criteria determine allocation for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
  • Source
34. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
35. Are there provisions for any other form of indirect public funding?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentSo called 527s (following section 527 of the Internal Revenue Code) are political organizations exempted from tax. They may not coordinate their activities with a candidate or a party.?
  • Source
36. Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties tied to gender equality among candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
37. Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

Question Value
38. Is there a ban on vote buying?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source
39. Are there limits on the amount a political party can spend?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentParties are subject to limits in relation to expenditure made in coordination with candidates (presidential and for federal office). However, there are no such limits for expenditure made without such coordination (independent spending).
  • Source
40. If there are limits on the amount a political party can spend, what is the limit?
  • Code The limit for coordinated expenditure is an amount equal to 2 cents multiplied by the voting age population of the United States.
  • CommentHowever, these limits do not apply for expenditure made without such coordination (independent spending)
  • Source
41. Are there limits on the amount a candidate can spend?
  • CodeNo
  • CommentThe expenditure limits is only applicable to candidates (presidential and for federal office) who accept public funding in the general election. Candidates who accept public funding must limit spending to the amount of the grant.
  • Source
42. If there are limits on the amount a candidate can spend, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
  • Source
43. Are there limits on the amount that third parties can spend on election campaign activities?
44. Are there limits on traditional media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
45. Are there limits on online media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
46. Do any other restrictions on online media advertisement (beyond limits) exist?

Question Value
47. Do political parties have to report regularly on their finances?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentCandidate committees, party committees and PACs are required to file periodic reports disclosing the money they raise and spend.
  • Source
48. Do political parties have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentCandidate committees, party committees and PACs are required to file periodic reports disclosing the money they raise and spend. Candidates must identify, for example, all PACs and party committees that give them contributions, and they must identify individuals who give them more than $200 [I$ 200] in an election cycle. Additionally, they must disclose expenditures exceeding $200 [I$ 200] per election cycle to any individual or vendor.
  • Source
49. Do candidates have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentCandidate committees, party committees and PACs are required to file periodic reports disclosing the money they raise and spend.
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50. Do third parties have to report on election campaign finances?
51. Is information in reports from political parties and/or candidates to be made public?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentThe reports are available at www.fec.gov
  • Source
52. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates reveal the identity of donors?
  • CodeSometimes
  • CommentReports must identify all PACs and party committees that give them contributions, and they must identify individuals who give them more than $200 [I$ 200] in an election cycle.
  • Source
53. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized income?
54. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized spending?
55. Which institution(s) receives financial reports from political parties and/or candidates?
  • CodeEMB
  • CommentFederal Election Commission
  • Source
56. Which institution(s) is responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations?
  • CodeEMB | Ministry
  • CommentThe Federal Election Commission has exclusive jurisdiction over the civil enforcement of the federal campaign finance law, while the Department of Justice prosecutes criminal violations. 
  • Source
57. What power is granted to the institution(s) responsible for examining reports and/or investigating violations?
58. What sanctions are provided for political finance infractions?
  • CodeFines | Prison | Forfeiture
  • Comment
  • Source

Disclaimer: Maps presented do not imply on the part of the Institute any judgement on the legal status of any territory or the endorsement of such boundaries, nor does the placement or size of any country or territory reflect the political view of International IDEA. Maps are used in order to add visual clarity to data.