Taiwan

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Question Value
Legal provisions for mandatory referendums at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for optional referendums at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for citizens' initiatives at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for agenda initiatives at national level
  • No
Legal provisions for recall at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for direct democracy at the regional level
  • Optional referendum
  • Citizens
  • Recall
Legal provisions for direct democracy at the local level
  • Optional referendum
  • Citizens
  • Recall
Legal basis for direct democracy at the national level
  • Constitutional
  • Specific laws/legislation
  • Regulations
Legal basis for administrative requirements at the national level
  • Specific laws/legislation
  • Regulations
Who administers direct democracy mechanisms at the national level?
  • Independent electoral commission
First referendum/initiative held
  • 1994
Has there been a national referendum since 1980?
  • Yes

Question Value
Issues in relation to which referendums are mandatory at the national level
  • Constitutional amendments
  • Alteration of the national territory
Issues in relation to which referendums are optional at the national level
  • Any issue of national importance, except those excluded
Issues excluded from being the subject of referendums at the national level
  • Taxes and public expenditure commitments
  • Salary and personnel affairs
Issues of sub-national referendums regulated at the national level
  • Devolution
Who can initiate an optional referendum at the national level?
  • Government
  • President
  • Legislative majority
  • Registered electors
Who drafts the referendum question?
  • Optional referendum - Government
  • Optional referendum - Legislature
  • Optional referendum - Registered electors
Who decides on the final form of the ballot text?
  • Optional referendum - Independent electoral commission
Quorum requirements for a referendum to be valid
  • Mandatory referendum - approval quorum
  • Optional referendum - approval quorum
Requirements for a referendum to pass
  • Mandatory referendum - simple majority
  • Optional referendum - simple majority
Are referendum results binding?
  • Mandatory referendum - always
  • Optional referendum - always

Question Value
Issues that can be proposed by citizens using the initiative process at the national level
  • Citizens' initiatives - legislative proposals
  • Citizens' initiatives - other issues
Issues excluded from being the subject of an initiative at the national level
  • Taxes and public expenditure commitments
  • Salary and personnel affairs
Who may propose the registration of an initiative?
  • Citizens' initiative - a number of individuals
Materials to accompany an application for registration
  • General explanation of the purpose
  • Full proposed text
  • Original copy and a photocopy of the list of proposers
Who determines the title of an initiative?
  • Citizens' initiative - proponents of the initiative
What disqualifies a proposed title of an initiative?
  • Inconsistency with proposed content
  • Incomprehensibility
Who is responsible for checking the legality of initiatives?
  • Independent electoral commission
At which stage legality check is conducted?
  • After its submission but before the registration of an initiative
Who decides the final ballot text when the initiative is put to a vote?
  • Proponents of the initiative
  • Agency which administers direct democracy mechanisms
When does voting take place once an initiative is qualified for ballot?
  • Within a certain time limit
  • At the next national election

Question Value
Which individuals/positions may be subject to the recall?
  • Members of the national legislature
  • President
  • Vice-president
  • Members of provincial/local legislature bodies
  • Governors, Mayors or equivalent
  • Provincial/local level elected executive positions
What are the grounds for recall?
  • Not specified by legislation
What restrictions are there in relation to the time period in which an individual or position can be recalled?
  • Civil servants who have not been in the position for one year may not be recalled. 
When is the recall put to the vote?
  • Within a certain time limit
When does the election to replace an individual who has been recalled take place?
  • Separately and subsequently
Can an individual who is the subject of a recall stand on the ballot for his/her own replacement?
  • No

Question Value
How many signatures are required to start the formal decision making stage of a direct democracy mechanism?
  • Citizens' Initiative - proportion of vote at the most recent election
  • Recall - proportion of the electorate
What is the deadline for collecting required number of signatures?
  • Citizens' Initiative - fixed time period
  • Recall - fixed time period
Restrictions in relation to the individuals who can sign the proposal
  • Recall - signatories must be registered electors in a specified electoral district
  • Citizens' Initiative - not specified by legislation
Where can proposals be signed?
  • Anywhere
What information must signatories provide when signing the proposal?
  • Identity or voting card number
  • Permanent address
Restrictions in relation to signature collection
  • Not specified by legislation
What forms of checks are undertaken to verify signatures?
  • All signatures are checked
Who checks the signatures?
  • Citizens' Initiative: government agencies of household registration; Recall Initiative: the election commission

Disclaimer: Maps presented do not imply on the part of the Institute any judgement on the legal status of any territory or the endorsement of such boundaries, nor does the placement or size of any country or territory reflect the political view of International IDEA. Maps are used in order to add visual clarity to data.