Turkmenistan

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Question Value
Legal provisions for mandatory referendums at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for optional referendums at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for citizens' initiatives at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for agenda initiatives at national level
  • No
Legal provisions for recall at national level
  • No
Legal provisions for direct democracy at the regional level
    Legal provisions for direct democracy at the local level
      Legal basis for direct democracy at the national level
      • Constitutional
      • Specific laws/legislation
      Legal basis for administrative requirements at the national level
      • Specific laws/legislation
      Who administers direct democracy mechanisms at the national level?
      • Independent electoral commission
      First referendum/initiative held
      • 1991
      Has there been a national referendum since 1980?
      • Yes

      Question Value
      Issues in relation to which referendums are mandatory at the national level
      • Removal of President from the office
      Issues in relation to which referendums are optional at the national level
      • Constitutional amendments
      • Any other issue of national importance
      Issues excluded from being the subject of referendums at the national level
      • Civil service
      • Issues related to territorial integrity
      • See also quote
      Issues of sub-national referendums regulated at the national level
      • None
      Who can initiate an optional referendum at the national level?
      • President
      • Legislative majority
      • Registered electors
      Who drafts the referendum question?
      • No data
      Who decides on the final form of the ballot text?
      • No data
      Quorum requirements for a referendum to be valid
      • No data
      Requirements for a referendum to pass
      • No data
      Are referendum results binding?
      • Optional referendum - always
      • Mandatory referendum - not specified

      Question Value
      Issues that can be proposed by citizens using the initiative process at the national level
      • Citizens' initiatives - constitutional amendments
      • Citizens' initiatives - legislative proposals
      • Citizens' initiatives - other issues
      Issues excluded from being the subject of an initiative at the national level
      • Civil service
      • Issues related to territorial integrity
      • See also quote
      Who may propose the registration of an initiative?
      • No data
      Materials to accompany an application for registration
      • No data
      Who determines the title of an initiative?
      • No data
      What disqualifies a proposed title of an initiative?
      • No data
      Who is responsible for checking the legality of initiatives?
      • No data
      At which stage legality check is conducted?
      • No data
      Who decides the final ballot text when the initiative is put to a vote?
      • No data
      When does voting take place once an initiative is qualified for ballot?
      • No data

      Question Value
      Which individuals/positions may be subject to the recall?
        What are the grounds for recall?
          What restrictions are there in relation to the time period in which an individual or position can be recalled?
            When is the recall put to the vote?
              When does the election to replace an individual who has been recalled take place?
                Can an individual who is the subject of a recall stand on the ballot for his/her own replacement?

                  Question Value
                  How many signatures are required to start the formal decision making stage of a direct democracy mechanism?
                  • Citizens' Initiative - fixed number
                  What is the deadline for collecting required number of signatures?
                  • No data
                  Restrictions in relation to the individuals who can sign the proposal
                  • No data
                  Where can proposals be signed?
                  • No data
                  What information must signatories provide when signing the proposal?
                  • No data
                  Restrictions in relation to signature collection
                  • No data
                  What forms of checks are undertaken to verify signatures?
                  • No data
                  Who checks the signatures?
                  • No data