Thailand

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Question Value
Legal provisions for mandatory referendums at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for optional referendums at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for citizens' initiatives at national level
  • No
Legal provisions for agenda initiatives at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for recall at national level
  • No
Legal provisions for direct democracy at the regional level
  • No data
Legal provisions for direct democracy at the local level
  • Agenda initiative
  • Recall
Legal basis for direct democracy at the national level
  • Constitutional
  • Specific laws/legislation
Legal basis for administrative requirements at the national level
  • Specific laws/legislation
Who administers direct democracy mechanisms at the national level?
  • Independent electoral commission
First referendum/initiative held
    Has there been a national referendum since 1980?
    • Yes

    Question Value
    Issues in relation to which referendums are mandatory at the national level
    • Constitutional amendments
    Issues in relation to which referendums are optional at the national level
    • Any issue of national importance
    Issues excluded from being the subject of referendums at the national level
    • Issues contrary to or inconsistent with the Constitution
    Issues of sub-national referendums regulated at the national level
    • None
    Who can initiate an optional referendum at the national level?
    • Government
    Who drafts the referendum question?
    • Not specified by legislation
    Who decides on the final form of the ballot text?
    • Not specified by legislation
    Quorum requirements for a referendum to be valid
    • No quorum requirements
    Requirements for a referendum to pass
    • Mandatory referendum - simple majority
    • Optional referendum - simple majority
    Are referendum results binding?
    • Not specified by legislation

    Question Value
    Issues that can be proposed by citizens using the initiative process at the national level
    • Agenda initiatives - legislative proposals
    Issues excluded from being the subject of an initiative at the national level
    • Not specified by legislation
    Who may propose the registration of an initiative?
    • Not specified by legislation
    Materials to accompany an application for registration
    • Not specified by legislation
    Who determines the title of an initiative?
    • Not specified by legislation
    What disqualifies a proposed title of an initiative?
    • Not specified by legislation
    Who is responsible for checking the legality of initiatives?
    • Ad hoc committee
    At which stage legality check is conducted?
    • Not specified by legislation
    Who decides the final ballot text when the initiative is put to a vote?
    • Not applicable
    When does voting take place once an initiative is qualified for ballot?
    • Not applicable

    Question Value
    Which individuals/positions may be subject to the recall?
    • Members of provincial/local legislature bodies
    • Provincial/local level elected executive positions
    What are the grounds for recall?
    • No data
    What restrictions are there in relation to the time period in which an individual or position can be recalled?
    • No data
    When is the recall put to the vote?
    • No data
    When does the election to replace an individual who has been recalled take place?
    • No data
    Can an individual who is the subject of a recall stand on the ballot for his/her own replacement?
    • No data

    Question Value
    How many signatures are required to start the formal decision making stage of a direct democracy mechanism?
    • Agenda Initiative - fixed number
    What is the deadline for collecting required number of signatures?
    • Not specified by legislation
    Restrictions in relation to the individuals who can sign the proposal
    • Not specified by legislation
    Where can proposals be signed?
    • Not specified by legislation
    What information must signatories provide when signing the proposal?
    • Not specified by legislation
    Restrictions in relation to signature collection
    • Requirement for signature collectors to be registered electors
    What forms of checks are undertaken to verify signatures?
    • Not specified by legislation
    Who checks the signatures?
    • Not specified by legislation

    Disclaimer: Maps presented do not imply on the part of the Institute any judgement on the legal status of any territory or the endorsement of such boundaries, nor does the placement or size of any country or territory reflect the political view of International IDEA. Maps are used in order to add visual clarity to data.