Thailand

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Question Value
Legal provisions for mandatory referendums at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for optional referendums at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for citizens' initiatives at national level
  • No
Legal provisions for agenda initiatives at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for recall at national level
  • No
Legal provisions for direct democracy at the regional level
  • No data
Legal provisions for direct democracy at the local level
  • Agenda initiative
  • Recall
Legal basis for direct democracy at the national level
  • Constitutional
  • Specific laws/legislation
Legal basis for administrative requirements at the national level
  • Specific laws/legislation
Who administers direct democracy mechanisms at the national level?
  • Independent electoral commission
First referendum/initiative held
    Has there been a national referendum since 1980?
    • Yes

    Question Value
    Issues in relation to which referendums are mandatory at the national level
    • Constitutional amendments
    Issues in relation to which referendums are optional at the national level
    • Any issue of national importance
    Issues excluded from being the subject of referendums at the national level
    • Issues contrary to or inconsistent with the Constitution
    Issues of sub-national referendums regulated at the national level
    • None
    Who can initiate an optional referendum at the national level?
    • Government
    Who drafts the referendum question?
    • Not specified by legislation
    Who decides on the final form of the ballot text?
    • Not specified by legislation
    Quorum requirements for a referendum to be valid
    • No quorum requirements
    Requirements for a referendum to pass
    • Mandatory referendum - simple majority
    • Optional referendum - simple majority
    Are referendum results binding?
    • Not specified by legislation

    Question Value
    Issues that can be proposed by citizens using the initiative process at the national level
    • Agenda initiatives - legislative proposals
    Issues excluded from being the subject of an initiative at the national level
    • Not specified by legislation
    Who may propose the registration of an initiative?
    • Not specified by legislation
    Materials to accompany an application for registration
    • Not specified by legislation
    Who determines the title of an initiative?
    • Not specified by legislation
    What disqualifies a proposed title of an initiative?
    • Not specified by legislation
    Who is responsible for checking the legality of initiatives?
    • Ad hoc committee
    At which stage legality check is conducted?
    • Not specified by legislation
    Who decides the final ballot text when the initiative is put to a vote?
    • Not applicable
    When does voting take place once an initiative is qualified for ballot?
    • Not applicable

    Question Value
    Which individuals/positions may be subject to the recall?
    • Members of provincial/local legislature bodies
    • Provincial/local level elected executive positions
    What are the grounds for recall?
    • No data
    What restrictions are there in relation to the time period in which an individual or position can be recalled?
    • No data
    When is the recall put to the vote?
    • No data
    When does the election to replace an individual who has been recalled take place?
    • No data
    Can an individual who is the subject of a recall stand on the ballot for his/her own replacement?
    • No data

    Question Value
    How many signatures are required to start the formal decision making stage of a direct democracy mechanism?
    • Agenda Initiative - fixed number
    What is the deadline for collecting required number of signatures?
    • Not specified by legislation
    Restrictions in relation to the individuals who can sign the proposal
    • Not specified by legislation
    Where can proposals be signed?
    • Not specified by legislation
    What information must signatories provide when signing the proposal?
    • Not specified by legislation
    Restrictions in relation to signature collection
    • Requirement for signature collectors to be registered electors
    What forms of checks are undertaken to verify signatures?
    • Not specified by legislation
    Who checks the signatures?
    • Not specified by legislation