Slovakia

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Question Value
1. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    1. Donations and other free benefits may not be accepted by a party from [...]
    f) a natural person who does not have permanent residence in the territory of the Slovak Republic,
    g) a legal entity having its registered office abroad
    Source: § 24(1),Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005 (amended 2019)

2. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    The presidential candidate and independent candidates may not accept a donation or any other gratuitous service from a natural person who does not have permanent residence in the territory of the Slovak Republic; a legal entity not having its registered office in the territory of the Slovak Republic; organizations with an international element.

  • Source

    (3) Presidential candidates can only accept donation and other free benefits for an election campaign from
    a) a natural person resident in the territory of the Slovak Republic,
    b) a legal entity having its registered office in the territory of the Slovak Republic,
    c) political party registered in the Slovak Republic.

    (4) Presidential candidates may not accept a gift or any other consideration free of charge for an election campaign [...]
    d) civic associations, foundations, non-profit organizations providing services of general interest, non-investment funds, associations of legal entities, associations of municipalities and organizations with an international element, [...]
    Source: § 5(3-4), Law No. 181 on the election campaign and amendments to Law No. 85 on political parties and movements, 2014 (amended 2019)

    (5) An independent candidate may accept a donation and other gratuitous fulfillment for an election campaign only from entities referred to in § 5 para.3.
    (6) An independent candidate may not accept a donation or other free of charge performance for an election campaign from entities referred to in § 5para.4.
    Source: § 6 (5-6), Law No. 181 on the election campaign and amendments to Law No. 85 on political parties and movements, 2014 (amended 2019)

3. Is there a ban on corporate donations to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    There is no ban on corporate donations to political parties with some exceptions like state companies or companies registered abroad.

  • Source

    1. Donations and other free benefits may not be accepted by a party from
    a) state, Slovak Land Fund, municipality or higher territorial unit,
    b) legal entities whose founder or founder is the state, Slovak Land Fund, municipality or higher territorial unit,
    c) legal entities in which the state, the Slovak Land Fund, a municipality or a higher territorial unit is a participant,
    d) civic associations, foundations, non-profit organizations providing services of general interest, non-investment funds, interest associations of legal entities, associations of municipalities and organizations with an international element,
    e) public institutions and other legal entities established by law,
    f) a natural person who does not have permanent residence in the territory of the Slovak Republic,
    g) a legal entity having its registered office abroad,
    h) a natural person or legal entity for which it is unable to provide the donor identification data or the identification data of the Contracting Party which provided the other consideration free of charge,
    i) the European Party and the European Foundation.
    Source: § 24(1) ,Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005 (amended 2019)

4. Is there a ban on corporate donations to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    There is no ban on corporate donations to political parties with some exceptions like state companies.

  • Source

    (3) Presidential candidates can only accept donation and other free benefits for an election campaign from
    a) a natural person resident in the territory of the Slovak Republic,
    b) a legal entity having its registered office in the territory of the Slovak Republic,
    c) political party registered in the Slovak Republic.

    (4) Presidential candidates may not accept a donation or any other consideration free of charge for an election campaign
    a) state, Slovak Land Fund, municipality or higher territorial unit,
    b) a legal entity whose founder or founder is the state, the Slovak Land Fund, a municipality or a higher territorial unit,
    c) a legal entity in which the state, the Slovak Land Fund, a municipality or a higher territorial unit has an ownership interest,
    d) civic associations, foundations, non-profit organizations providing services of general interest, non-investment funds, associations of legal entities, associations of municipalities and organizations with an international element,
    e) a public institution or a legal person established by law,
    f) a person for whom he or she is unable to provide the donor identification data or the identification data of the counterparty who provided other consideration free of charge,
    g) a European political party and a European political foundation.
    Source: § 5(3-4), Law No. 181 on the election campaign and amendments to Law No. 85 on political parties and movements, 2014 (amended 2019)

    (5) An independent candidate may accept a donation and other gratuitous fulfillment for an election campaign only from entities referred to in § 5 para.3.
    (6) An independent candidate may not accept a donation or other free of charge performance for an election campaign from entities referred to in § 5para.4.
    Source: § 6 (5-6), Law No. 181 on the election campaign and amendments to Law No. 85 on political parties and movements, 2014 (amended 2019)

5. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    There is no explicit ban on donations from Trade Unions to political parties. However, there is ban on donation from civic associations, foundations, non-profit organizations providing services of general interest.

  • Source

    1. Donations and other free benefits may not be accepted by a party from [...]
    d) civic associations, foundations, non-profit organizations providing services of general interest, non-investment funds, interest associations of legal entities, associations of municipalities and organizations with an international element, [...]
    Source: § 24(1) ,Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005 (amended 2019)

6. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    There is no explicit ban on donations from Trade Unions to candidates. However, there is ban on donation from civic associations, foundations, non-profit organizations providing services of general interest.

  • Source

    (3) Presidential candidates can only accept donation and other free benefits for an election campaign from
    a) a natural person resident in the territory of the Slovak Republic,
    b) a legal entity having its registered office in the territory of the Slovak Republic,
    c) political party registered in the Slovak Republic.

    (4) Presidential candidates may not accept a donation or any other consideration free of charge for an election campaign [...]
    d) civic associations, foundations, non-profit organizations providing services of general interest, non-investment funds, associations of legal entities, associations of municipalities and organizations with an international element,[...]
    Source: § 5(3-4), Law No. 181 on the election campaign and amendments to Law No. 85 on political parties and movements, 2014 (amended 2019)

    (5) An independent candidate may accept a donation and other gratuitous fulfillment for an election campaign only from entities referred to in § 5 para.3.
    (6) An independent candidate may not accept a donation or other free of charge performance for an election campaign from entities referred to in § 5para.4.
    Source: § 6 (5-6), Law No. 181 on the election campaign and amendments to Law No. 85 on political parties and movements, 2014 (amended 2019)

7. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    1. Donations and other free benefits may not be accepted by a party from [...]
    h) a natural person or legal entity for which it is unable to provide the donor identification data or the identification data of the Contracting Party which provided the other consideration free of charge,[...]
    Source: § 24(1) ,Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005 (amended 2019)

8. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    (4) Presidential candidates may not accept a donation or any other consideration free of charge for an election campaign [...]
    f) a person for whom he or she is unable to provide the donor identification data or the identification data of the counterparty who provided other consideration free of charge, [...]
    Source: § 5(4), Law No. 181 on the election campaign and amendments to Law No. 85 on political parties and movements, 2014 (amended 2019)

    (6) An independent candidate may not accept a donation or other free of charge performance for an election campaign from entities referred to in § 5para.4.
    Source: § 6 (6), Law No. 181 on the election campaign and amendments to Law No. 85 on political parties and movements, 2014 (amended 2019)

9. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    There is no explicit ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to political parties.

  • Source

    1. Donations and other free benefits may not be accepted by a party from
    a) state, Slovak Land Fund, municipality or higher territorial unit,
    b) legal entities whose founder or founder is the state, Slovak Land Fund, municipality or higher territorial unit,
    c) legal entities in which the state, the Slovak Land Fund, a municipality or a higher territorial unit is a participant,
    d) civic associations, foundations, non-profit organizations providing services of general interest, non-investment funds, interest associations of legal entities, associations of municipalities and organizations with an international element,
    e) public institutions and other legal entities established by law,
    f) a natural person who does not have permanent residence in the territory of the Slovak Republic,
    g) a legal entity having its registered office abroad,
    h) a natural person or legal entity for which it is unable to provide the donor identification data or the identification data of the Contracting Party which provided the other consideration free of charge,
    i) the European Party and the European Foundation.
    Source: § 24(1) ,Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005 (amended 2019)

10. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    There is no explicit ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to candidates.

  • Source

    (3) Presidential candidates can only accept donation and other free benefits for an election campaign from
    a) a natural person resident in the territory of the Slovak Republic,
    b) a legal entity having its registered office in the territory of the Slovak Republic,
    c) political party registered in the Slovak Republic.

    (4) Presidential candidates may not accept a donation or any other consideration free of charge for an election campaign
    a) state, Slovak Land Fund, municipality or higher territorial unit,
    b) a legal entity whose founder or founder is the state, the Slovak Land Fund, a municipality or a higher territorial unit,
    c) a legal entity in which the state, the Slovak Land Fund, a municipality or a higher territorial unit has an ownership interest,
    d) civic associations, foundations, non-profit organizations providing services of general interest, non-investment funds, associations of legal entities, associations of municipalities and organizations with an international element,
    e) a public institution or a legal person established by law,
    f) a person for whom he or she is unable to provide the donor identification data or the identification data of the counterparty who provided other consideration free of charge,
    g) a European political party and a European political foundation.
    Source: § 5(3-4), Law No. 181 on the election campaign and amendments to Law No. 85 on political parties and movements, 2014 (amended 2019)

    (5) An independent candidate may accept a donation and other gratuitous fulfillment for an election campaign only from entities referred to in § 5 para.3.
    (6) An independent candidate may not accept a donation or other free of charge performance for an election campaign from entities referred to in § 5para.4.
    Source: § 6 (5-6), Law No. 181 on the election campaign and amendments to Law No. 85 on political parties and movements, 2014 (amended 2019)

11. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    1. Donations and other free benefits may not be accepted by a party from
    a) state, Slovak Land Fund, municipality or higher territorial unit,
    b) legal entities whose founder or founder is the state, Slovak Land Fund, municipality or higher territorial unit,
    c) legal entities in which the state, the Slovak Land Fund, a municipality or a higher territorial unit is a participant, [...]
    e) public institutions and other legal entities established by law, [...]
    Source: § 24(1) ,Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005 (amended 2019)

12. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    (4) Presidential candidates may not accept a donation or any other consideration free of charge for an election campaign
    a) state, Slovak Land Fund, municipality or higher territorial unit,
    b) a legal entity whose founder or founder is the state, the Slovak Land Fund, a municipality or a higher territorial unit,
    c) a legal entity in which the state, the Slovak Land Fund, a municipality or a higher territorial unit has an ownership interest, [...]
    e) a public institution or a legal person established by law, [...]
    Source: § 5(4), Law No. 181 on the election campaign and amendments to Law No. 85 on political parties and movements, 2014 (amended 2019)

    (6) An independent candidate may not accept a donation or other free of charge performance for an election campaign from entities referred to in § 5para.4.
    Source: § 6 (6), Law No. 181 on the election campaign and amendments to Law No. 85 on political parties and movements, 2014 (amended 2019)

13. Is there a ban on the use of state resources in favour or against a political party or candidate?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    There is no explicit ban on state resources being used in favour or against a political party or candidate, but there is a ban on donation and in-kind donation from the state companies and institutions.

  • Source

    1. Donations and other free benefits may not be accepted by a party from
    a) state, Slovak Land Fund, municipality or higher territorial unit,
    b) legal entities whose founder or founder is the state, Slovak Land Fund, municipality or higher territorial unit,
    c) legal entities in which the state, the Slovak Land Fund, a municipality or a higher territorial unit is a participant,
    d) civic associations, foundations, non-profit organizations providing services of general interest, non-investment funds, interest associations of legal entities, associations of municipalities and organizations with an international element,
    e) public institutions and other legal entities established by law,
    f) a natural person who does not have permanent residence in the territory of the Slovak Republic,
    g) a legal entity having its registered office abroad,
    h) a natural person or legal entity for which it is unable to provide the donor identification data or the identification data of the Contracting Party which provided the other consideration free of charge,
    i) the European Party and the European Foundation.
    Source: § 24(1) ,Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005 (amended 2019)

    (4) Presidential candidates may not accept a donation or any other consideration free of charge for an election campaign
    a) state, Slovak Land Fund, municipality or higher territorial unit,
    b) a legal entity whose founder or founder is the state, the Slovak Land Fund, a municipality or a higher territorial unit,
    c) a legal entity in which the state, the Slovak Land Fund, a municipality or a higher territorial unit has an ownership interest,
    d) civic associations, foundations, non-profit organizations providing services of general interest, non-investment funds, associations of legal entities, associations of municipalities and organizations with an international element,
    e) a public institution or a legal person established by law,
    f) a person for whom he or she is unable to provide the donor identification data or the identification data of the counterparty who provided other consideration free of charge,
    g) a European political party and a European political foundation.
    Source: § 5 (4), Law No. 181 on the election campaign and amendments to Law No. 85 on political parties and movements, 2014 (amended 2019)

    (6) An independent candidate may not accept a donation or other free of charge performance for an election campaign from entities referred to in § 5para.4.
    Source: § 6 (6), Law No. 181 on the election campaign and amendments to Law No. 85 on political parties and movements, 2014 (amended 2019)

14. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period?
  • CodeYes, for both natural and legal persons
  • Comment

    A political party may accept donation or in-kind contribution from one donor not exceeding EUR 300,000 per calendar year.

  • Source

    A party may accept donations and other gratuitous services, unless otherwise provided by this Act. A party may accept a gift or other gratuitous performance only if the value of the gift and other gratuitous performance from one donor does not exceed EUR 300,000 in a calendar year.[...]
    Source: § 23(1) ,Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005 (amended 2019)

15. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period, what is the limit?
  • Code EUR 300,000 per calendar year
  • Comment

    A political party may accept donation or in-kind contribution from one donor not exceeding EUR 300,000 per calendar year, without distinguishing whether it is related to an election or not.

  • Source

    A party may accept donations and other gratuitous services, unless otherwise provided by this Act. A party may accept a gift or other gratuitous performance only if the value of the gift and other gratuitous performance from one donor does not exceed EUR 300,000 in a calendar year.[...]
    Source: § 23(1) ,Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005 (amended 2019)

16. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election?
  • CodeYes, for both natural and legal persons
  • Comment

    A political party may accept donation or in-kind contribution from one donor not exceeding EUR 300,000 per calendar year, without distinguishing whether it is related to an election or not. However, during one election period of the National Council of the Slovak Republic, a political party total income from:
    - donations and in-kind contribution,
    - membership fees,
    - loans and credits
    may not exceed EUR 3,500,000.

  • Source

    During one election period of the National Council of the Slovak Republic, a party may have income according to § 22 par. 1 letter a) , b) and h) up to EUR 3 500 000. [...]
    Source: § 22(8) ,Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005 (amended 2019)

    A party may accept donations and other gratuitous services, unless otherwise provided by this Act. A party may accept a gift or other gratuitous performance only if the value of the gift and other gratuitous performance from one donor does not exceed EUR 300,000 in a calendar year.[...]
    Source: § 23(1) ,Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005 (amended 2019)

17. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election, what is the limit?
  • Code EUR 300,000 per calendar year.
  • Comment

    A political party may accept donation or in-kind contribution from one donor not exceeding EUR 300,000 per calendar year, without distinguishing whether it is related to an election or not. However, during one election period of the National Council of the Slovak Republic, a political party total income from:
    - donations and in-kind contribution,
    - membership fees,
    - loans and credits
    may not exceed EUR 3,500,000.

  • Source

    During one election period of the National Council of the Slovak Republic, a party may have income according to § 22 par. 1 letter a) , b) and h) up to EUR 3 500 000. [...]
    Source: § 22(8) ,Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005 (amended 2019)

    A party may accept donations and other gratuitous services, unless otherwise provided by this Act. A party may accept a gift or other gratuitous performance only if the value of the gift and other gratuitous performance from one donor does not exceed EUR 300,000 in a calendar year.[...]
    Source: § 23(1) ,Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005 (amended 2019)

18. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    There are no explicit limit on the amount of the donations and free of charge services a presidential and independent candidates may receive, but candidates may nevertheless not spend more than certain ceilings mentioned above.

  • Source

    Source: § 5 and § 6, Law No. 181 on the election campaign and amendments to Law No. 85 on political parties and movements, 2014 (amended 2019)

    Candidates can receive private donations without limit from legal entities, political parties and individuals until 48 hours before election day.
    Source: OSCE/ODIHR (2019) Slovak Republic, Presidential Election, 16 March 2019. OSCE/ODIHR Needs Assessment Mission Report. OSCE/ODIHR, Warsaw

19. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment

    There are no explicit limit on the amount of the donations and free of charge services a presidential and independent candidates may receive, but candidates may nevertheless not spend more than certain ceilings mentioned above.

  • Source

    Source: § 5 and § 6, Law No. 181 on the election campaign and amendments to Law No. 85 on political parties and movements, 2014 (amended 2019)

    Candidates can receive private donations without limit from legal entities, political parties and individuals until 48 hours before election day.
    Source: OSCE/ODIHR (2019) Slovak Republic, Presidential Election, 16 March 2019. OSCE/ODIHR Needs Assessment Mission Report. OSCE/ODIHR, Warsaw

20. Is there a limit on the amount a candidate can contribute to their own election campaign?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    There are no explicit limit on the amount a candidates can contribute to their own election campaign.

  • Source

    Source: § 5 and § 6, Law No. 181 on the election campaign and amendments to Law No. 85 on political parties and movements, 2014 (amended 2019)

    Candidates can receive private donations without limit from legal entities, political parties and individuals until 48 hours before election day.
    Source: OSCE/ODIHR (2019) Slovak Republic, Presidential Election, 16 March 2019. OSCE/ODIHR Needs Assessment Mission Report. OSCE/ODIHR, Warsaw

21. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    A political party may accept donation or in-kind contribution from one donor not exceeding EUR 300,000 per calendar year, without distinguishing whether it is related to an election or not.

  • Source

    A party may accept donations and other gratuitous services, unless otherwise provided by this Act. A party may accept a gift or other gratuitous performance only if the value of the gift and other gratuitous performance from one donor does not exceed EUR 300,000 in a calendar year.[...]
    Source: § 23(1) ,Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005 (amended 2019)

22. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    There are no explicit limit on the amount of the donations and free of charge services a presidential and independent candidates may receive.

  • Source

    Source: § 5 and § 6, Law No. 181 on the election campaign and amendments to Law No. 85 on political parties and movements, 2014 (amended 2019)

23. Is there a ban on political parties engaging in commercial activities?
  • CodeSometimes
  • Comment

    Political parties may engage in certain commercial activities.

  • Source

    (2) A party may not conduct business or enter into silent partnership agreements on its own behalf.

    (3) A party may establish or become a partner in a company, but must be the sole founder or sole partner; a business company can only be established for the purpose of business.

    (4) The object of the activity of a commercial company which a party has established or has become its sole shareholder can only be
    a) operation of publishing houses, publishers and printers,
    b) publishing and promotional activities,
    c) production and sale of items promoting the program and activities of the party,
    d) organization of educational and political events,
    e) performance of party property management.

    (5) A commercial company pursuant to paragraph 3 may not be a tenderer or a candidate for participation in a public procurement if the contracting authority is a legal entity established by a special law. [...]
    Source: § 22(1-5), Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005 (amended 2019)

24. Is there a ban on political parties taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeSometimes
  • Comment

    During one election period of the National Council of the Slovak Republic, a political party total income from:
    - donations and in-kind contribution,
    - membership fees,
    - loans and credits
    may not exceed EUR 3,500,000.

  • Source

    During one election period of the National Council of the Slovak Republic, a party may have income according to § 22 par. 1 letter a) , b) and h) up to EUR 3 500 000. [...]
    Source: § 22(8), Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005
    (amended 2019)

25. Is there a ban on candidates taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    Similar to political parties, there are no restrictions on loans for candidates. In the same time donations and services free of charge from the state, state bodies or self-governing bodies are explicitly prohibited, as are foreign donations
    (or at least in as far as the donors are not also resident in the Slovak Republic or are an entity
    with its registered seat in the Slovak Republic). 

  • Source

    Source

    GRECO (2008) Evaluation Report on the Slovak Republic, Transparency of Political Party Funding (Theme II). https://rm.coe.int/CoERMPublicCommonSearchServices/DisplayDCTMContent?documentId=09000016806ca464

26. Is there a ban on donors to political parties/candidates participating in public tender/procurement processes?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

    Source: Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005 (amended 2019)

    Source: Law No. 181 on the election campaign and amendments to Law No. 85 on political parties and movements, 2014 (amended 2019)

27. Are there provisions requiring donations to go through the banking system?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    (2) A party may accept a monetary gift only if it has been transferred by transfer from another account. [...]
    Source: § 24(2), Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005 (amended 2019)

    (5) Funds earmarked for the election campaign must be held by a presidential candidate in a special bank account. [...]
     (7) Funds must be deposited in the special account referred to in paragraph 5 exclusively by transfer from another account. At the request of the Ministry of the Interior, the presidential candidate must prove who is the owner of the account from which the funds were transferred. [...]
    Source: § 5 (5, 7), Law No. 181 on the election campaign and amendments to Law No. 85 on political parties and movements, 2014 (amended 2019)

    (7) [...] Funds must be deposited in a special account exclusively by transfer from another account. [...]
    Source: § 6 (7), Law No. 181 on the election campaign and amendments to Law No. 85 on political parties and movements, 2014 (amended 2019)

Question Value
28. Are there provisions for direct public funding to political parties?
  • CodeYes, both regularly provided funding and in relation to campaigns
  • Comment

    Contributions for the party from the state budget are:
    a) contribution for votes obtained in the elections,
    b) activity contribution,
    c) contribution for a mandate.

  • Source

    The party 's contributions from the state budget are
    a) contribution for votes obtained in elections (hereinafter referred to as "vote for votes"),
    b) activity allowance,
    c) contribution to the mandate.
    Source: § 25, Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005
    (amended 2019

29. What are the eligibility criteria for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeRepresentation in elected body | Share of votes in previous election | Share of seats in previous election | Participation in election | Registration as a political party
  • Comment

    Contributions for the party from the state budget are:
    a) contribution for votes obtained in the elections,
    b) activity contribution,
    c) contribution for a mandate.

  • Source

    The party 's contributions from the state budget are
    a) contribution for votes obtained in elections (hereinafter referred to as "vote for votes"),
    b) activity allowance,
    c) contribution to the mandate.
    Source: § 25, Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005 (amended 2019)

    (1) A party that received more than 3% of the total number of valid votes cast in the elections to the National Council of the Slovak Republic shall pay a contribution of 1% of the average monthly nominal wage of an employee in the Slovak economy published for each such vote. Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic for the calendar year preceding the calendar year in which the elections to the National Council of the Slovak Republic take place.
    Source: § 26 (1), Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005 (amended 2019)

    (1) Entitlement to the allowance for the activity arises for the party that received the allowance for votes. If a party has participated in elections in coalition with another party or parties, the activity allowance may be paid to the party only after a written agreement between those parties has been submitted, stating which party the activity allowance will be paid or to which parties and in what proportion. Entitlement to the activity allowance shall accrue for the entire month in which the election was held and shall expire at the end of the month preceding the month in which the next election is held.
    Source: § 27 (1), Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005 (amended 2019)

    (1) According to the number of seats won in the National Council of the Slovak Republic, the party is entitled to a mandate contribution in the amount of multiple of the average nominal monthly wage in the Slovak economy determined by the Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic for the calendar year preceding the year in which the elections took place. For each mandate obtained, up to a maximum of twenty seats, the party is entitled to a mandate contribution in the amount of thirty times the average salary. For the twenty-first term and each subsequent term, the party shall be entitled to a mandate contribution in the amount of twenty times the average salary.
    Source: § 28 (1), Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005 (amended 2019)

30. What is the allocation calculation for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeProportional to votes received | Proportional to seats received
  • Comment

    Contributions for the party from the state budget are:
    a) contribution for votes obtained in the elections,
    b) activity contribution,
    c) contribution for a mandate.

  • Source

    (1) A party that received more than 3% of the total number of valid votes cast in the elections to the National Council of the Slovak Republic shall pay a contribution of 1% of the average monthly nominal wage of an employee in the Slovak economy published for each such vote. Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic for the calendar year preceding the calendar year in which the elections to the National Council of the Slovak Republic take place.
    Source: § 26 (1), Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005 (amended 2019)

    (1) Entitlement to the allowance for the activity arises for the party that received the allowance for votes. If a party has participated in elections in coalition with another party or parties, the activity allowance may be paid to the party only after a written agreement between those parties has been submitted, stating which party the activity allowance will be paid or to which parties and in what proportion. Entitlement to the activity allowance shall accrue for the entire month in which the election was held and shall expire at the end of the month preceding the month in which the next election is held.
    Source: § 27 (1), Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005 (amended 2019)

    (1) According to the number of seats won in the National Council of the Slovak Republic, the party is entitled to a mandate contribution in the amount of multiple of the average nominal monthly wage in the Slovak economy determined by the Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic for the calendar year preceding the year in which the elections took place. For each mandate obtained, up to a maximum of twenty seats, the party is entitled to a mandate contribution in the amount of thirty times the average salary. For the twenty-first term and each subsequent term, the party shall be entitled to a mandate contribution in the amount of twenty times the average salary.
    Source: § 28 (1), Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005 (amended 2019)

31. What are the provisions on 'ear marking' direct public funding to political parties (how it should be used)?
  • CodeCampaign spending | Ongoing party activities | Intra-party institution | Research and policy initiatives
  • Comment
  • Source

    The party 's contributions from the state budget are
    a) contribution for votes obtained in elections (hereinafter referred to as "vote for votes"),
    b) activity allowance,
    c) contribution to the mandate.
    Source: § 25, Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005 (amended 2019)

    (7) Contributions from the state budget pursuant to Para 25 may not be used by a party for
    a) loans and credits to natural or legal persons,
    b) silent partnership agreements,
    c) the business of a company set up by the party or its sole shareholder,
    d) liability for liabilities of natural or legal persons,
    e) donation.
    Source: § 29 (7), Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005 (amended 2019)

32. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    There is a limit of 30 minutes in the parliamentary and European Parliament elections. radio and television air time for each participating political party (or party coalition).

  • Source

    (1) Slovakia's radio and television will reserve a maximum of 30 minutes of broadcasting time for a candidate political party or a candidate coalition of political parties, but together a maximum of ten hours of broadcasting time for political advertising in radio broadcasting and a maximum of ten hours of broadcasting time for political advertising in television broadcasting. The right to airtime must be exercised no later than five days before the start of the broadcast of the political advertisement, otherwise it expires.
    Source: § 10 (1), Law No. 181 on the election campaign and amendments to Law No. 85 on political parties and movements, 2014 (amended 2019)

33. What criteria determine allocation for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeEqual
  • Comment

    There is a limit of 30 minutes in the parliamentary and European Parliament elections. radio and television air time for each participating political party (or party coalition).

  • Source

    (1) Slovakia's radio and television will reserve a maximum of 30 minutes of broadcasting time for a candidate political party or a candidate coalition of political parties, but together a maximum of ten hours of broadcasting time for political advertising in radio broadcasting and a maximum of ten hours of broadcasting time for political advertising in television broadcasting. The right to airtime must be exercised no later than five days before the start of the broadcast of the political advertisement, otherwise it expires.
    Source: § 10 (1), Law No. 181 on the election campaign and amendments to Law No. 85 on political parties and movements, 2014 (amended 2019)

34. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    There is a limit of 1 hour of broadcasting for each presidential candidate.

  • Source

    (1) Slovakia's radio and television will set aside a maximum of one hour of broadcasting time for each presidential candidate, but together a maximum of ten hours of broadcasting time for political advertising in radio broadcasting and a maximum of ten hours of broadcasting time for political advertising in television broadcasting. The right to airtime must be exercised no later than five days before the start of the broadcast of the political advertisement, otherwise it expires.
    Source: § 11 (1), Law No. 181 on the election campaign and amendments to Law No. 85 on political parties and movements, 2014 (amended 2019)

35. Are there provisions for any other form of indirect public funding?
  • CodeTax relief
  • Comment

    Minor tax relief: There's free taxation on donations, thus donations to political parties by individual contributors are not tax deductible (but the party itself does not have to pay tax on donations it receives).

  • Source

    Source

    § 25 of the Law on Political Parties (85/2005 Coll. ACT from 4February 2005 on Political Parties andPolitical Movements)

36. Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties tied to gender equality among candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

    Source: Law No. 181 on the election campaign and amendments to Law No. 85 on political parties and movements, 2014 (amended 2019)

37. Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

    Source: Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005 (amended 2019)

Question Value
38. Is there a ban on vote buying?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    The Criminal Code provides for sentences of up to two years imprisonment for those who offer and up to one year for those who take bribes. Sentence can go up to five years if the bribe is  conducted by a public or state official or publicly.

  • Source

    (1)Whoever, directly or through an intermediary, grants, offers or promises a bribe to a person who has the right to vote, to participate in a referendum or to a referendum on the dismissal of the President of the Slovak Republic, in order to
    a) voted or voted in a certain way,
    b)did not vote or vote in any way,
    c)did not vote or vote at all, or
    d)did not participate in the elections, referendum or referendum on the dismissal of the President of the Slovak Republic, or for this reason, directly or through an intermediary, provides, offers or promises a bribe to another person, he shall be punished by imprisonment for up to two years.

    (2) Who, in connection with the exercise of the right to vote, to participate in a referendum or a referendum on the dismissal of the President of the Slovak Republic, directly or through an intermediary, accepts for himself or another person, requests or promises a bribe to
    a) voted or voted in a certain way,
    b) did not vote or vote in any way,
    c) did not vote or vote at all, or
    d) did not participate in the elections, referendum or popular vote on the dismissal of the President of the Slovak Republic, he shall be punished by imprisonment for up to one year.

    (3) The offender shall be punished by imprisonment for a term of one to five years if he commits the act referred to in paragraph 1.
    a) more serious course of action,
    b) as a public official,
    c) on the protected person, or
    d) publicly.
    Source: Law No. 300, Criminal law, 2005 (amended 2019)

39. Are there limits on the amount a political party can spend?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    A political party may spend a maximum of EUR 3,000,000, including value added tax, on its election campaign in the elections to the National Council of the Slovak Republic and in the elections to the European Parliament.

  • Source

    (1) A political party and a political movement (hereinafter referred to as a "political party") may spend a maximum of EUR 3,000,000, including value added tax, on its election campaign in the elections to the National Council of the Slovak Republic and in the elections to the European Parliament. The limit of the political party's costs under the first sentence shall also include the difference between the price of the gift or other gratuitous performance specified in the contract and the usual price and the political party's promotion costs incurred 180 days before the election day
    Source: § 3 (1), Law No. 181 on the election campaign and amendments to Law No. 85 on political parties and movements, 2014
    (amended 2019)

40. If there are limits on the amount a political party can spend, what is the limit?
  • Code EUR 3,000,000 per election campaign in the elections to the National Council of the Slovak Republic and in the elections to the European Parliament.
  • Comment

    A political party may spend a maximum of EUR 3,000,000, including value added tax, on its election campaign in the elections to the National Council of the Slovak Republic and in the elections to the European Parliament.

  • Source

    (1) A political party and a political movement (hereinafter referred to as a "political party") may spend a maximum of EUR 3,000,000, including value added tax, on its election campaign in the elections to the National Council of the Slovak Republic and in the elections to the European Parliament. The limit of the political party's costs under the first sentence shall also include the difference between the price of the gift or other gratuitous performance specified in the contract and the usual price and the political party's promotion costs incurred 180 days before the election day
    Source: § 3 (1), Law No. 181 on the election campaign and amendments to Law No. 85 on political parties and movements, 2014 (amended 2019)

41. Are there limits on the amount a candidate can spend?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    The candidate for President of the Slovak may spend a maximum of EUR 500,000 on his / her election campaign, including value added tax, for both rounds of elections. However, there is no limit as to the number of third parties supporting candidates and spending money for his / her campaign. It means that in fact there is no limit of expenditures for candidate in the presidential election campaign.

    The independent candidates spending limit in the local government elections vary on municipality number of inhabitants.

  • Source

    (1) The candidate for President of the Slovak Republic (hereinafter referred to as the “Presidential President”) may spend a maximum of EUR 500,000 on his / her election campaign, including value added tax, for both rounds of elections. This amount also includes the costs incurred in promoting the candidate by the Presidential President in the period beginning 180 days before the day of the election and the costs which the Presidential President has paid or is required to pay. If a political advertisement, advertisement or program was published or broadcast free of charge or at a reduced price with a broadcaster other than on Slovak Radio and Television, their usual price is included in the stated amount.
    Source: § 5 (1), Law No. 181 on the election campaign and amendments to Law No. 85 on political parties and movements, 2014 (amended 2019)

    The campaign expenditure limit amounts to 500,000 EUR for candidates, including a possible second round and comprises the expenses for the direct promotion incurred from 180 days before the election announcement. The ceiling for expenditures for third parties amounts to 100,000 EUR. There is no limit as to the number of third parties registered in support of a certain candidate, hence candidates are in fact not bound by any limit on expenditures
    Source: OSCE/ODIHR (2019) Slovak Republic, Presidential Election, 16 and 30 March 2019. OSCE/ODIHR Election Assessment Mission, Final Report. OSCE/ODIHR, Warsaw

    (1) An independent candidate may spend an amount on his election campaign, including value added tax, as follows:
    a) for the position of the chairman of a self-governing region, a maximum of EUR 250,000,
    b) for the position of Mayor of the Capital of the Slovak Republic, Bratislava, and for the position of Mayor of the City of Košice, a maximum of EUR 250,000,
    c) to the position of mayor, mayor or mayor of a city with a population
    First from 60 001 to 120 000 inhabitants not more than EUR 100 000,
    Second from 30 001 to 60 000 inhabitants not more than 70 000 euros,
    Third from 16 001 to 30 000 inhabitants not more than 50 000 euros,
    4th from 10 001 to 16 000 inhabitants not more than 20 000 euros,
    5th from 5 001 to 10 000 inhabitants not more than 10 000 euros,
    6th from 2 001 to 5 000 inhabitants not more than 5 000 euros,
    7th up to 2000 inhabitants up to EUR 2 000,
    Source: § 6 (1), Law No. 181 on the election campaign and amendments to Law No. 85 on political parties and movements, 2014 (amended 2019)

42. If there are limits on the amount a candidate can spend, what is the limit?
  • Code EUR 500,000 per each candidate in the presidential election.
  • Comment

    The candidate for President of the Slovak may spend a maximum of EUR 500,000 on his / her election campaign, including value added tax, for both rounds of elections. However, there is no limit as to the number of third parties supporting candidates and spending money for his / her campaign. It means that in fact there is no limit of expenditures for candidate in the presidential election campaign.

    The independent candidates spending limit in the local government elections vary on municipality number of inhabitants.

  • Source

    (1) The candidate for President of the Slovak Republic (hereinafter referred to as the “Presidential President”) may spend a maximum of EUR 500,000 on his / her election campaign, including value added tax, for both rounds of elections. This amount also includes the costs incurred in promoting the candidate by the Presidential President in the period beginning 180 days before the day of the election and the costs which the Presidential President has paid or is required to pay. If a political advertisement, advertisement or program was published or broadcast free of charge or at a reduced price with a broadcaster other than on Slovak Radio and Television, their usual price is included in the stated amount.
    Source: § 5 (1), Law No. 181 on the election campaign and amendments to Law No. 85 on political parties and movements, 2014 (amended 2019)

    The campaign expenditure limit amounts to 500,000 EUR for candidates, including a possible second round and comprises the expenses for the direct promotion incurred from 180 days before the election announcement. The ceiling for expenditures for third parties amounts to 100,000 EUR. There is no limit as to the number of third parties registered in support of a certain candidate, hence candidates are in fact not bound by any limit on expenditures
    Source: OSCE/ODIHR (2019) Slovak Republic, Presidential Election, 16 and 30 March 2019. OSCE/ODIHR Election Assessment Mission, Final Report. OSCE/ODIHR, Warsaw

    (1) An independent candidate may spend an amount on his election campaign, including value added tax, as follows:
    a) for the position of the chairman of a self-governing region, a maximum of EUR 250,000,
    b) for the position of Mayor of the Capital of the Slovak Republic, Bratislava, and for the position of Mayor of the City of Košice, a maximum of EUR 250,000,
    c) to the position of mayor, mayor or mayor of a city with a population
    First from 60 001 to 120 000 inhabitants not more than EUR 100 000,
    Second from 30 001 to 60 000 inhabitants not more than 70 000 euros,
    Third from 16 001 to 30 000 inhabitants not more than 50 000 euros,
    4th from 10 001 to 16 000 inhabitants not more than 20 000 euros,
    5th from 5 001 to 10 000 inhabitants not more than 10 000 euros,
    6th from 2 001 to 5 000 inhabitants not more than 5 000 euros,
    7th up to 2000 inhabitants up to EUR 2 000,
    Source: § 6 (1), Law No. 181 on the election campaign and amendments to Law No. 85 on political parties and movements, 2014 (amended 2019)

43. Are there limits on the amount that third parties can spend on election campaign activities?
  • CodeSpending limit exists
  • Comment

    The third parties can spend on election campaign activities amounts to EUR 100,000.

  • Source

    The ceiling for expenditures for third parties amounts to 100,000 EUR.
    Source: OSCE/ODIHR (2019) Slovak Republic, Presidential Election, 16 and 30 March 2019. OSCE/ODIHR Election Assessment Mission, Final Report. OSCE/ODIHR, Warsaw

44. Are there limits on traditional media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

    Source: Law No. 181 on the election campaign and amendments to Law No. 85 on political parties and movements, 2014 (amended 2019)

45. Are there limits on online media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

    Source: Law No. 181 on the election campaign and amendments to Law No. 85 on political parties and movements, 2014 (amended 2019)

46. Do any other restrictions on online media advertisement (beyond limits) exist?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

    Source: Law No. 181 on the election campaign and amendments to Law No. 85 on political parties and movements, 2014 (amended 2019)

    Online campaign is not regulated apart from the ban on opinion polls. A number of ODIHR EAM interlocutors raised concerns over the lack of regulatory framework for online campaigning, indicating the need for a broader, European-level accord with the social media corporations on political advertising.
    Source: OSCE/ODIHR (2019) Slovak Republic, Presidential Election, 16 and 30 March 2019. OSCE/ODIHR Election Assessment Mission, Final Report. OSCE/ODIHR, Warsaw

Question Value
47. Do political parties have to report regularly on their finances?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    The political party is obliged to prepare an annual report for the previous calendar year.

  • Source

    (1) The party is obliged to prepare an annual report for the previous calendar year. The party shall deliver the annual report for the previous calendar year to the state commission in paper form by 30 April each year at the latest. The party's annual report is public. The annual reports of the parties are published by the State Commission on its website and stored in the same format in the public part of the register of financial statements no later than 31 July, for ten years from the date of their publication. Birth numbers and ID card numbers are not part of published or made available data. The State Commission submits information on the annual reports to the National Council of the Slovak Republic by 31 August.
    Source: § 30 (1), Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005 (amended 2019)

48. Do political parties have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    A political party is obliged to prepare a final report on the costs of the election campaign for the elections to the National Council of the Slovak Republic and for the elections to the European Parliament.

  • Source

    (1) A political party is obliged to prepare a final report on the costs of the election campaign for the elections to the National Council of the Slovak Republic and for the elections to the European Parliament (hereinafter referred to as the "final report").
    Source: § 4 (1), Law No. 181 on the election campaign and amendments to Law No. 85 on political parties and movements, 2014 (amended 2019)

49. Do candidates have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    The candidate in the presidential election is required to submit a final report. In addition, during the campaign, the candidate is required to submit on the website an overview of payment transactions.

  • Source

    (5) Funds earmarked for the election campaign must be held by a presidential candidate in a special bank account.
    (6) The data in the special account referred to in paragraph 5 must be accessible free of charge, remotely and continuously to third parties and must show an overview of payment transactions. The address of the website on which this information is displayed shall be communicated by the Presidential President in paper or electronic form immediately after the establishment of the account to the Ministry of the Interior, which shall publish it on his website. [...]
    (11) The presidential candidate is obliged to publish on his website information broken down in accordance with paragraph 10 and deliver it to the Ministry of the Interior in paper form and in electronic form within 30 days after the election.
    Source: § 5 (5-6, 11), Law No. 181 on the election campaign and amendments to Law No. 85 on political parties and movements, 2014 (amended 2019)

    The candidates should publish online their campaign finance reports and provide them to the MoI within 30 days after the election campaign. If no costs were incurred, a candidate should also declare it. [...]The MoI should publish candidates and third parties reports online within 30 days and make them available to public for five years.
    Source: OSCE/ODIHR (2019) Slovak Republic, Presidential Election, 16 and 30 March 2019. OSCE/ODIHR Election Assessment Mission, Final Report. OSCE/ODIHR, Warsaw

50. Do third parties have to report on election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    A third party must provide an overview of costs after the end of the election campaign.

  • Source

    A third party must, within 10 days after the end of the election campaign, provide an overview of costs on its website for 60 days and provide a report to MoI within 30 days after the elections. The MoI should publish candidates and third parties reports online within 30 days and make them available to public for five years.
    Source: OSCE/ODIHR (2019) Slovak Republic, Presidential Election, 16 and 30 March 2019. OSCE/ODIHR Election Assessment Mission, Final Report. OSCE/ODIHR, Warsaw

51. Is information in reports from political parties and/or candidates to be made public?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    The political party is obliged to prepare an annual report for the previous calendar year.

    The candidate in the presidential election is required to submit and to publish a final report. In addition, during the campaign, the candidate is required to submit on the website an overview of payment transactions.

  • Source

    (1) The party is obliged to prepare an annual report for the previous calendar year. The party shall deliver the annual report for the previous calendar year to the state commission in paper form by 30 April each year at the latest. The party's annual report is public. The annual reports of the parties are published by the State Commission on its website and stored in the same format in the public part of the register of financial statements no later than 31 July, for ten years from the date of their publication. Birth numbers and ID card numbers are not part of published or made available data. The State Commission submits information on the annual reports to the National Council of the Slovak Republic by 31 August.
    Source: § 30 (1), Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005 (amended 2019)

    (5) Funds earmarked for the election campaign must be held by a presidential candidate in a special bank account.
    (6) The data in the special account referred to in paragraph 5 must be accessible free of charge, remotely and continuously to third parties and must show an overview of payment transactions. The address of the website on which this information is displayed shall be communicated by the Presidential President in paper or electronic form immediately after the establishment of the account to the Ministry of the Interior, which shall publish it on his website. [...]
    (11) The presidential candidate is obliged to publish on his website information broken down in accordance with paragraph 10 and deliver it to the Ministry of the Interior in paper form and in electronic form within 30 days after the election.
    Source: § 5 (5-6, 11), Law No. 181 on the election campaign and amendments to Law No. 85 on political parties and movements, 2014 (amended 2019)

    The candidates should publish online their campaign finance reports and provide them to the MoI within 30 days after the election campaign. If no costs were incurred, a candidate should also declare it. [...]The MoI should publish candidates and third parties reports online within 30 days and make them available to public for five years.
    Source: OSCE/ODIHR (2019) Slovak Republic, Presidential Election, 16 and 30 March 2019. OSCE/ODIHR Election Assessment Mission, Final Report. OSCE/ODIHR, Warsaw

52. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates reveal the identity of donors?
  • CodeSometimes
  • Comment

    Reports from political parties must reveal the identity of donors. There is no similar obligation for candidates participating in presidential election.

  • Source

    (5) A party is obliged to publish by 31 March each year on its website a list of persons who contributed to its activities in the previous calendar year with a monetary gift or membership fee, the amount of which is more than twice the minimum wage of an employee remunerated monthly. a non-monetary gift or other gratuitous performance, the value of which is higher than twice the minimum wage of the employee remunerated by the monthly wage valid at the time of their acceptance (hereinafter referred to as the "list"). In the list, the party shall state the amount of the monetary gift or membership fee, the subject and value of the non-monetary gift or other gratuitous performance, as well as identification data on the person who contributed to the party's activities, including name, surname and permanent residence address. it is a natural person - entrepreneur, also the trade name and identification number and, in the case of a legal person, the name or trade name, the identification number and the address of the registered office. If a party has not received contributions under the first sentence in the previous calendar year, it shall publish a notice to that effect on its website by 31 March.
    Source: § 22 (5), Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005 (amended 2019)

    Source: Law No. 181 on the election campaign and amendments to Law No. 85 on political parties and movements, 2014 (amended 2019)

    The MoI provided online reporting templates both for candidates and third parties, consistent with the itemisation provided by the law. The template required outlining expenses for opinion polls, paid advertisement, billboards and travel, and other expenses for advertising. With regard to incomes, the template required reporting on received in-kind donations and gratuitous services, but did not entail aggregated information about received financial donations.
    Source: OSCE/ODIHR (2019) Slovak Republic, Presidential Election, 16 and 30 March 2019. OSCE/ODIHR Election Assessment Mission, Final Report. OSCE/ODIHR, Warsaw

53. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized income?
  • CodeSometimes
  • Comment

    Reports from political parties must include itemized incomes. There is no similar obligation for candidates participating in presidential election.

  • Source

    (1) The income of a party can only be
    a) income from membership fees
    b) income from gifts and other gratuitous services,
    c) inheritance income,
    d) income from the sale or rental of her movable property or real estate,
    e) interest income from deposits of its funds in banks,
    f) shares in the profit from the business of commercial companies,
    g) income from securities publicly traded on the public market,
    h) income from loans and credits,
    i) contributions from the state budget,
    j) other income from legal relations and fulfillment of obligations according to special regulations.
    Source: § 22 (1), Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005 (amended 2019)

    (2) The annual report contains [...]
    e) an overview of the party's income broken down according to § 22 par. 1,
    Source: § 30 (2), Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005 (amended 2019)

    Source: Law No. 181 on the election campaign and amendments to Law No. 85 on political parties and movements, 2014 (amended 2019)

    The MoI provided online reporting templates both for candidates and third parties, consistent with the itemisation provided by the law. The template required outlining expenses for opinion polls, paid advertisement, billboards and travel, and other expenses for advertising. With regard to incomes, the template required reporting on received in-kind donations and gratuitous services, but did not entail aggregated information about received financial donations.
    Source: OSCE/ODIHR (2019) Slovak Republic, Presidential Election, 16 and 30 March 2019. OSCE/ODIHR Election Assessment Mission, Final Report. OSCE/ODIHR, Warsaw

54. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized spending?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    A political party is obliged to prepare a final report on the costs of the election campaign for the elections to the National Council of the Slovak Republic and for the elections to the European Parliament.

    A political party is not obliged to include information on itemized spending in the annual report, except costs related to the election campaigns.

    Candidate in the presidential election are obliged to include information on itemized spending.

  • Source

    (1) A political party is obliged to prepare a final report on the costs of the election campaign for the elections to the National Council of the Slovak Republic and for the elections to the European Parliament (hereinafter referred to as the "final report").
    Source: § 4 (1), Law No. 181 on the election campaign and amendments to Law No. 85 on political parties and movements, 2014 (amended 2019)

    (2) The annual report contains: [...]
    m) an overview of election campaign costs incurred for individual types of elections in the relevant year, broken down according to a special regulation,
    Source: § 30 (2), Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005 (amended 2019)

    (10) The presidential candidate shall keep separate records of the use of funds under paragraphs 5 and 9 for the election campaign, broken down
    a) the cost of paying for pre-election and public opinion polls,
    b) the cost of paying for paid advertising or advertising,
    c) the cost of broadcasting political advertising,
    d) the cost of paying for election posters,
    e) travel expenses,
    f) an overview of non-monetary gifts and other gratuitous benefits and their value,
    g) all other costs of the presidential candidate for his promotion,
    h) a statement of the costs incurred by the Presidential President for his / her publicity in the period beginning 180 days before the date of the announcement of the elections and the number of the payment account held with the bank from which the costs were paid; if he has not incurred any costs, he shall provide a solemn declaration to that effect.

    (11) The presidential candidate is obliged to publish on his website information broken down in accordance with paragraph 10 and deliver it to the Ministry of the Interior in paper form and in electronic form within 30 days after the election.
    Source: § 5 (10-11), Law No. 181 on the election campaign and amendments to Law No. 85 on political parties and movements, 2014 (amended 2019)

55. Which institution(s) receives financial reports from political parties and/or candidates?
  • CodeEMB | Ministry | Parliamentary unit
  • Comment
  • Source

    (1) The party is obliged to prepare an annual report for the previous calendar year. The party shall deliver the annual report for the previous calendar year to the state commission in paper form by 30 April each year at the latest. The party's annual report is public. The annual reports of the parties are published by the State Commission on its website and stored in the same format in the public part of the register of financial statements no later than 31 July, for ten years from the date of their publication. Birth numbers and ID card numbers are not part of published or made available data. The State Commission submits information on the annual reports to the National Council of the Slovak Republic by 31 August.
    Source: § 30 (1), Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005 (amended 2019)

    (5) Funds earmarked for the election campaign must be held by a presidential candidate in a special bank account.
    (6) The data in the special account referred to in paragraph 5 must be accessible free of charge, remotely and continuously to third parties and must show an overview of payment transactions. The address of the website on which this information is displayed shall be communicated by the Presidential President in paper or electronic form immediately after the establishment of the account to the Ministry of the Interior, which shall publish it on his website. [...]
    (11) The presidential candidate is obliged to publish on his website information broken down in accordance with paragraph 10 and deliver it to the Ministry of the Interior in paper form and in electronic form within 30 days after the election.
    Source: § 5 (5-6, 11), Law No. 181 on the election campaign and amendments to Law No. 85 on political parties and movements, 2014 (amended 2019)

    The candidates should publish online their campaign finance reports and provide them to the MoI within 30 days after the election campaign. If no costs were incurred, a candidate should also declare it. [...]The MoI should publish candidates and third parties reports online within 30 days and make them available to public for five years.
    Source: OSCE/ODIHR (2019) Slovak Republic, Presidential Election, 16 and 30 March 2019. OSCE/ODIHR Election Assessment Mission, Final Report. OSCE/ODIHR, Warsaw

56. Which institution(s) is responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations?
  • CodeYes, EMB | Yes, ministry
  • Comment
  • Source

    (1) The party is obliged to prepare an annual report for the previous calendar year. The party shall deliver the annual report for the previous calendar year to the state commission in paper form by 30 April each year at the latest. The party's annual report is public. The annual reports of the parties are published by the State Commission on its website and stored in the same format in the public part of the register of financial statements no later than 31 July, for ten years from the date of their publication. Birth numbers and ID card numbers are not part of published or made available data. The State Commission submits information on the annual reports to the National Council of the Slovak Republic by 31 August.
    Source: § 30 (1), Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005 (amended 2019)

    (5) Funds earmarked for the election campaign must be held by a presidential candidate in a special bank account.
    (6) The data in the special account referred to in paragraph 5 must be accessible free of charge, remotely and continuously to third parties and must show an overview of payment transactions. The address of the website on which this information is displayed shall be communicated by the Presidential President in paper or electronic form immediately after the establishment of the account to the Ministry of the Interior, which shall publish it on his website. [...]
    (11) The presidential candidate is obliged to publish on his website information broken down in accordance with paragraph 10 and deliver it to the Ministry of the Interior in paper form and in electronic form within 30 days after the election.
    Source: § 5 (5-6, 11), Law No. 181 on the election campaign and amendments to Law No. 85 on political parties and movements, 2014 (amended 2019)

    The oversight of campaign finance is made by the MoI, and its district offices that perform oversight of campaign expenditures outside Bratislava. The MoI can impose sanctions up to 300 EUR in case a candidate does not cooperate with the authority in conducting the oversight. The law does not provide for a comprehensive scrutiny of the candidates’ reports that would be presented to the public in a consolidated form. The MoI informed ODIHR EAM that they intended to conduct only sporadic checks and did not plan to produce a compiled report of the undertaken control activities. The law also does not provide a timeline for publication of the control’s findings.
    Source: OSCE/ODIHR (2019) Slovak Republic, Presidential Election, 16 and 30 March 2019. OSCE/ODIHR Election Assessment Mission, Final Report. OSCE/ODIHR, Warsaw

57. What power is granted to the institution(s) responsible for examining reports and/or investigating violations?
  • CodeRequest additional information from potential violator | Impose sanctions
  • Comment
  • Source

    (8) The State Commission shall impose a fine of EUR 3,500 on a party if the party has not submitted an annual report within the period pursuant to § 30 para. 1 .
    (9) The State Commission shall impose a fine on the party from EUR 200 to EUR 2,000 if the party has not eliminated the identified deficiencies within the period pursuant to § 30 para. 6.
    (10) The State Commission shall impose a fine of EUR 5,000 on a party if it fails to fulfill the obligation pursuant to Section 22 para. 5 , 6 or 7.
    Source: § 31 (8-10), Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005 (amended 2019)

    (1) The State Commission imposes a fine on a political party ranging from EUR 30,000 to EUR 300,000 if
    a) leads the election campaign after the time stipulated in § 2 par. 2 or
    b) violates the prohibition according to § 17 .
    (2) The Ministry of the Interior shall impose a fine of between EUR 10,000 and EUR 100,000 on a political party if
    a) fails to fulfill the obligation according to § 3 par. 2 , 3 , 5 or 6 ,
    b) does not deliver documents or provide information according to § 3 par. 9 ,
    c) does not deliver the final report according to § 4 par. 3 ,
    d) fails to fulfill the obligation pursuant to § 15 ,
    e) fails to fulfill the obligation according to § 18 par. 1 , 2 , 4 , 5 , 6 or 7 or
    f) fails to fulfill another obligation imposed by this Act.
    (3) The State Commission shall impose a fine on the candidate for President of between EUR 5,000 and EUR 50,000 if
    a) leads the election campaign after the time stipulated in § 2 par. 2 or
    b) violates the prohibition according to § 17 .
    (4) The Ministry of the Interior will impose a fine on the candidate for President of between EUR 2,000 and EUR 30,000 if
    a) fails to fulfill the obligation according to § 5 par. 5 or 7 ,
    b) fails to fulfill the obligation according to § 5 par. 11 ,
    c) fails to fulfill the obligation according to § 5 par. 13 or 14 ,
    d) fails to fulfill the obligation pursuant to § 15 ,
    e) fails to fulfill the obligation according to § 18 par. 1 , 2 , 4 , 5 , 6 or 7 or
    f) fails to fulfill another obligation imposed by this Act.
    Source: § 19 (1-4), Law No. 181 on the election campaign and amendments to Law No. 85 on political parties and movements, 2014 (amended 2019)

    The MoI can impose sanctions ranging from 2,000 to 30,000 EUR for presidential candidates and from 1,000 to 10,000 EUR for third parties.37 Decisions of the MoI are subject to review by the SEC. The prominent role of the MoI in the control of campaign finance may raise concerns regarding impartiality of the process and is contrary to international good practice, which requires an independent monitoring body with regard to funding of electoral campaigns.
    Source: OSCE/ODIHR (2019) Slovak Republic, Presidential Election, 16 and 30 March 2019. OSCE/ODIHR Election Assessment Mission, Final Report. OSCE/ODIHR, Warsaw

58. What sanctions are provided for political finance infractions?
  • CodeFines | Deregistration of party | Suspension of public funding
  • Comment
  • Source

    (8) The State Commission shall impose a fine of EUR 3,500 on a party if the party has not submitted an annual report within the period pursuant to § 30 para. 1 .
    (9) The State Commission shall impose a fine on the party from EUR 200 to EUR 2,000 if the party has not eliminated the identified deficiencies within the period pursuant to § 30 para. 6.
    (10) The State Commission shall impose a fine of EUR 5,000 on a party if it fails to fulfill the obligation pursuant to Section 22 para. 5 , 6 or 7.
    Source: § 31 (8-10), Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005 (amended 2019)

    (1) The State Commission imposes a fine on a political party ranging from EUR 30,000 to EUR 300,000 if
    a) leads the election campaign after the time stipulated in § 2 par. 2 or
    b) violates the prohibition according to § 17 .
    (2) The Ministry of the Interior shall impose a fine of between EUR 10,000 and EUR 100,000 on a political party if
    a) fails to fulfill the obligation according to § 3 par. 2 , 3 , 5 or 6 ,
    b) does not deliver documents or provide information according to § 3 par. 9 ,
    c) does not deliver the final report according to § 4 par. 3 ,
    d) fails to fulfill the obligation pursuant to § 15 ,
    e) fails to fulfill the obligation according to § 18 par. 1 , 2 , 4 , 5 , 6 or 7 or
    f) fails to fulfill another obligation imposed by this Act.
    (3) The State Commission shall impose a fine on the candidate for President of between EUR 5,000 and EUR 50,000 if
    a) leads the election campaign after the time stipulated in § 2 par. 2 or
    b) violates the prohibition according to § 17 .
    (4) The Ministry of the Interior will impose a fine on the candidate for President of between EUR 2,000 and EUR 30,000 if
    a) fails to fulfill the obligation according to § 5 par. 5 or 7 ,
    b) fails to fulfill the obligation according to § 5 par. 11 ,
    c) fails to fulfill the obligation according to § 5 par. 13 or 14 ,
    d) fails to fulfill the obligation pursuant to § 15 ,
    e) fails to fulfill the obligation according to § 18 par. 1 , 2 , 4 , 5 , 6 or 7 or
    f) fails to fulfill another obligation imposed by this Act.
    Source: § 19 (1-4), Law No. 181 on the election campaign and amendments to Law No. 85 on political parties and movements, 2014 (amended 2019)

    The MoI can impose sanctions ranging from 2,000 to 30,000 EUR for presidential candidates and from 1,000 to 10,000 EUR for third parties.37 Decisions of the MoI are subject to review by the SEC. The prominent role of the MoI in the control of campaign finance may raise concerns regarding impartiality of the process and is contrary to international good practice, which requires an independent monitoring body with regard to funding of electoral campaigns.
    Source: OSCE/ODIHR (2019) Slovak Republic, Presidential Election, 16 and 30 March 2019. OSCE/ODIHR Election Assessment Mission, Final Report. OSCE/ODIHR, Warsaw

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