Slovakia

Change country

Question Value
Legal provisions for mandatory referendums at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for optional referendums at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for citizens' initiatives at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for agenda initiatives at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for recall at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for direct democracy at the regional level
  • No data
Legal provisions for direct democracy at the local level
  • Mandatory referendum
  • Optional referendum
  • Citizens' initiative
  • Recall
Legal basis for direct democracy at the national level
  • Constitutional
  • Specific laws/legislation
  • Regulations
Legal basis for administrative requirements at the national level
  • Constitutional
  • Specific laws/legislation
  • Regulations
Who administers direct democracy mechanisms at the national level?
  • Government
  • President
  • Legislature
First referendum/initiative held
  • 1994
Has there been a national referendum since 1980?
  • Yes

Question Value
Issues in relation to which referendums are mandatory at the national level
  • Entering into or withdrawing from a union with other states; Dismissal of President
Issues in relation to which referendums are optional at the national level
  • Any issue of national importance, except those excluded
Issues excluded from being the subject of referendums at the national level
  • Taxes and public expenditure commitments
  • Basic rights and freedoms
Issues of sub-national referendums regulated at the national level
  • Creation/merger/abolition of sub-national territories
Who can initiate an optional referendum at the national level?
  • Government
  • Legislative majority
  • Registered electors
  • See comments
Who drafts the referendum question?
  • Mandatory referendum - Legislature
  • Optional referendum - Legislature
  • Optional referendum - Registered electors
Who decides on the final form of the ballot text?
  • Mandatory referendum - Government
  • Mandatory referendum - Legislature
  • Optional referendum - Government
  • Optional referendum - Legislature
  • Optional referendum - Registered electors
  • All referendums - Ministry of the Interior, Central Commission for Referendum
Quorum requirements for a referendum to be valid
  • Mandatory referendum - turnout quorum
  • Optional referendum - turnout quorum
Requirements for a referendum to pass
  • Mandatory referendum - simple majority
  • Optional referendum - simple majority
Are referendum results binding?
  • Not specified by legislation

Question Value
Issues that can be proposed by citizens using the initiative process at the national level
  • Citizens' initiatives - legislative proposals
  • Citizens' initiatives - other issues
  • Agenda initiatives - legislative proposals
  • Agenda initiatives - other issues
Issues excluded from being the subject of an initiative at the national level
  • Constitutional amendments
  • See comments
Who may propose the registration of an initiative?
  • Citizens' initiative - a number of individuals
  • Agenda initiative - a number of individuals
Materials to accompany an application for registration
  • See comments
Who determines the title of an initiative?
  • Not specified by legislation
What disqualifies a proposed title of an initiative?
  • Not specified by legislation
Who is responsible for checking the legality of initiatives?
  • President
  • Constitutional Court
At which stage legality check is conducted?
  • After its submission but before the vote on the initiative
Who decides the final ballot text when the initiative is put to a vote?
  • Proponents of the initiative
  • Agency which administers direct democracy mechanisms
When does voting take place once an initiative is qualified for ballot?
  • Within a certain time limit

Question Value
Which individuals/positions may be subject to the recall?
  • President
  • Governors, Mayors or equivalent
What are the grounds for recall?
  • Not specified by legislation
What restrictions are there in relation to the time period in which an individual or position can be recalled?
  • Not specified by legislation
When is the recall put to the vote?
  • Within a certain time limit
When does the election to replace an individual who has been recalled take place?
  • Separately and subsequently
Can an individual who is the subject of a recall stand on the ballot for his/her own replacement?
  • 'No data' for Presidential recall; 'Yes' for sub-national recall.

Question Value
How many signatures are required to start the formal decision making stage of a direct democracy mechanism?
  • Referendum - fixed number
  • Citizens' Initiative - fixed number
  • Agenda Initiative - fixed number
What is the deadline for collecting required number of signatures?
  • Not specified by legislation
Restrictions in relation to the individuals who can sign the proposal
  • Not specified by legislation
Where can proposals be signed?
  • Anywhere
What information must signatories provide when signing the proposal?
  • Personal details
Restrictions in relation to signature collection
  • Signatures can be collected by a person who has reached the age of 16 years
What forms of checks are undertaken to verify signatures?
  • All signatures are checked
Who checks the signatures?
  • Agency responsible for the administration of direct democracy mechanisms

Disclaimer: Maps presented do not imply on the part of the Institute any judgement on the legal status of any territory or the endorsement of such boundaries, nor does the placement or size of any country or territory reflect the political view of International IDEA. Maps are used in order to add visual clarity to data.