Romania

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Question Value
Legal provisions for mandatory referendums at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for optional referendums at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for citizens' initiatives at national level
  • No
Legal provisions for agenda initiatives at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for recall at national level
  • No
Legal provisions for direct democracy at the regional level
  • Mandatory referendum
  • Optional referendum
Legal provisions for direct democracy at the local level
  • Mandatory referendum
  • Optional referendum
Legal basis for direct democracy at the national level
  • Constitutional
  • Specific laws/legislation
  • Regulations
Legal basis for administrative requirements at the national level
  • Specific laws/legislation
  • Regulations
Who administers direct democracy mechanisms at the national level?
  • Independent electoral commission
  • Legislature
  • Constitutional Court, Legislative Council
First referendum/initiative held
  • 1864
Has there been a national referendum since 1980?
  • Yes

Question Value
Issues in relation to which referendums are mandatory at the national level
  • Constitutional amendments
  • Removal of President
Issues in relation to which referendums are optional at the national level
  • Any issue of national importance, except those excluded
Issues excluded from being the subject of referendums at the national level
  • National sovereignty, national self-determination
  • Issues related to territorial integrity
  • See also sources
Issues of sub-national referendums regulated at the national level
  • Creation/merger/abolition of sub-national territories
Who can initiate an optional referendum at the national level?
  • President
Who drafts the referendum question?
  • Optional referendum - President
  • Mandatory referendum - questions are specified by law
Who decides on the final form of the ballot text?
  • Optional referendum - President
  • Mandatory referendum - questions are specified by law
Quorum requirements for a referendum to be valid
  • Mandatory referendum - turnout quorum
  • Optional referendum - turnout quorum
Requirements for a referendum to pass
  • Mandatory referendum - simple majority
  • Optional referendum - simple majority
Are referendum results binding?
  • Mandatory referendum - always
  • Optional referendum - never

Question Value
Issues that can be proposed by citizens using the initiative process at the national level
  • Agenda initiatives - constitutional amendments
  • Agenda initiatives - legislative proposals
Issues excluded from being the subject of an initiative at the national level
  • Adoption of international treaties
  • Taxes and public expenditure commitments
  • Amnesty and pardon
Who may propose the registration of an initiative?
  • Agenda initiative - a number of individuals
Materials to accompany an application for registration
  • General explanation of the purpose
  • Name and address of registrants
Who determines the title of an initiative?
  • Agenda initiative - both proponents and the responsible agency
What disqualifies a proposed title of an initiative?
  • Not specified by legislation
Who is responsible for checking the legality of initiatives?
  • Legislature
  • Constitutional Court
At which stage legality check is conducted?
  • After its submission but before the vote on the initiative
Who decides the final ballot text when the initiative is put to a vote?
  • Not applicable
When does voting take place once an initiative is qualified for ballot?
  • Not applicable

Question Value
Which individuals/positions may be subject to the recall?
    What are the grounds for recall?
      What restrictions are there in relation to the time period in which an individual or position can be recalled?
        When is the recall put to the vote?
          When does the election to replace an individual who has been recalled take place?
            Can an individual who is the subject of a recall stand on the ballot for his/her own replacement?

              Question Value
              How many signatures are required to start the formal decision making stage of a direct democracy mechanism?
              • Agenda Initiative - fixed number
              What is the deadline for collecting required number of signatures?
              • Agenda Initiative - fixed time period
              Restrictions in relation to the individuals who can sign the proposal
              • Agenda Initiative - signatories must be registered
              Where can proposals be signed?
              • Anywhere
              What information must signatories provide when signing the proposal?
              • Identity or voting card number
              • Personal details
              Restrictions in relation to signature collection
              • Signatures must be provided freely and voluntarily
              What forms of checks are undertaken to verify signatures?
              • All signatures are checked
              Who checks the signatures?
              • Local authorities