Portugal

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Question Value
1. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source
2. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source
3. Is there a ban on corporate donations to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source
4. Is there a ban on corporate donations to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source
5. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentAll donations from legal entities banned
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6. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentAll donations from legal entities banned.
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7. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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8. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source
9. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to political parties?
10. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to candidates?
11. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to political parties?
12. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to candidates?
13. Is there a ban on the use of state resources in favour or against a political party or candidate?
  • CodeNo data
  • Comment
  • Source
14. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period?
  • CodeYes, for natural persons
  • Comment
  • Source

    P 9f, 'Furthermore, donations by natural persons to political parties can only be provided by identified natural persons and cannot go beyond, annually, 25 times the national monthly minimum wage per donor (25xEUR 426=EUR 10,650 )' (Source: GRECO (2010) Evaluation Report on Portugal Transparency of Party Funding (Theme II))

15. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period, what is the limit?
  • Code Annual limit is 25 monthly minimum wages
  • Comment
  • Source
16. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election?
17. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election, what is the limit?
  • Code Limit is 60 monthly minimum wages
  • Comment
  • Source
18. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate?
19. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment.
  • Source
20. Is there a limit on the amount a candidate can contribute to their own election campaign?
21. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to political parties?
22. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to candidates?
23. Is there a ban on political parties engaging in commercial activities?
24. Is there a ban on political parties taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
25. Is there a ban on candidates taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
26. Is there a ban on donors to political parties/candidates participating in public tender/procurement processes?
27. Are there provisions requiring donations to go through the banking system?

Question Value
28. Are there provisions for direct public funding to political parties?
  • CodeYes, both regularly and in relation to campaigns
  • Comment
  • Source
29. What are the eligibility criteria for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeRepresentation in elected body | Share of votes in previous election | Number of candidates nominated | Participation in election
  • CommentOngoing assistance: party must have gained at least 50,000 votes in preceding election or gained representation.?

    Campaign assistance: Party must either run for European Parliament, or run for a majority of Parliamentary seats and gained representation in regional assembly (for local elections, gain representation or 2% of the vote)
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30. What is the allocation calculation for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeEqual | Proportional to votes received
  • CommentOngoing assistance: Proportional to votes received. Campaign assistance: 20% equal, 80% proportional to votes won (25% and 75% for local government elections).
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31. What are the provisions on 'ear marking' direct public funding to political parties (how it should be used)?
  • CodeNo
  • CommentHowever, the amount of public campaign assistance cannot exceed the amount spent on the campaign.
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32. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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33. What criteria determine allocation for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeEqual | Share of seats
  • Comment
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34. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentPresidential and local government candidates only
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35. Are there provisions for any other form of indirect public funding?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentPolitical parties are not subject to income tax.
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36. Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties tied to gender equality among candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentParties that do not have a balance between the genders among its candidates can lose between 25% and 80% of its public funding.
  • Source
37. Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment.
  • Source

Question Value
38. Is there a ban on vote buying?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source
39. Are there limits on the amount a political party can spend?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentLimits for election campaigns only
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40. If there are limits on the amount a political party can spend, what is the limit?
  • Code From 150 to 12,500 minimum monthly wages depending on election type.
  • Comment
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41. Are there limits on the amount a candidate can spend?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentFor Presidential and local government candidates.
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42. If there are limits on the amount a candidate can spend, what is the limit?
  • Code 25 million escudos per Presidential candidate (increased by 50% for run-off elections)
  • Comment
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43. Are there limits on the amount that third parties can spend on election campaign activities?
44. Are there limits on traditional media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
45. Are there limits on online media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
46. Do any other restrictions on online media advertisement (beyond limits) exist?

Question Value
47. Do political parties have to report regularly on their finances?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentAnnually
  • Source
48. Do political parties have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source
49. Do candidates have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentPresidential and local government candidates.
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50. Do third parties have to report on election campaign finances?
51. Is information in reports from political parties and/or candidates to be made public?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentBoth annual and electoral accounts are made public online within five to eight days after submission.
  • Source
52. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates reveal the identity of donors?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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53. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized income?
54. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized spending?
55. Which institution(s) receives financial reports from political parties and/or candidates?
  • CodeEMB | Court
  • CommentConstitutional Court (EMB in relation to referenda)
  • Source
56. Which institution(s) is responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations?
  • CodeEMB | Court | Special agency for political finance
  • Comment

    Political Financing Supervisory Body (Entidade das Contas e Financiamentos Pol?ticos) and Constitutional Court (EMB in relation to referenda).

  • Source
57. What power is granted to the institution(s) responsible for examining reports and/or investigating violations?
58. What sanctions are provided for political finance infractions?
  • CodeFines | Prison | Forfeiture | Loss of public funding
  • CommentNon-submission or submission of?inaccurate financial reports carry a fine.??Raising of illegal funds can lead to fines or imprisonment and the confiscation of illegally raised funds. State subsidies could be withhold.
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Disclaimer: Maps presented do not imply on the part of the Institute any judgement on the legal status of any territory or the endorsement of such boundaries, nor does the placement or size of any country or territory reflect the political view of International IDEA. Maps are used in order to add visual clarity to data.