Poland

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Question Value
1. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentOnly Polish citizens with their permanent domicile in Poland can donate.
  • Source
2. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentFor Presidential candidates
  • Source
3. Is there a ban on corporate donations to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentAll donations from legal persons are banned.
  • Source
4. Is there a ban on corporate donations to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentFor presidential candidates.
  • Source
5. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentAll donations from legal entities banned
  • Source
6. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentAll donations from legal entities to presidential candidates banned.
  • Source
7. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source
8. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentDe facto ban
  • Source
9. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to political parties?
10. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to candidates?
11. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to political parties?
12. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to candidates?
13. Is there a ban on the use of state resources in favour or against a political party or candidate?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentCampaigning must not take place on government premises.
  • Source
14. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period?
  • CodeYes, for natural persons
  • Comment
  • Source

    ? 2 The sum of contributions from a Polish citizen for the election committee may not exceed 15 times the minimum wage, defined under the Act of 10 October 2002 on the minimum wage (Journal of Laws No. 200, item. 1679 , 2004, No. 240, item. 2407 and of 2005 No. 157, item. 1314), in force on the day preceding the date of announcement of elections. (Source: Election Code of Poland. 2011.)

15. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period, what is the limit?
  • Code Annual limit is 15 times the minimum wage
  • CommentThe contributions from a natural person cannot exceed 15 times the minimum wage
  • Source
16. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election?
17. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election, what is the limit?
  • Code Limit is 15 times the minimum wage (25 times if more than an election held in a year).
  • CommentThe annual limit applies and if a given calendar year, more than one election or national referendum is held, then the maximum contribution is increased to 25 times the minimum wage. Donations from candidates to the Sejm, Senat, President or MEP may not exceed 45 times the minimum wage.
  • Source
18. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate?
19. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate, what is the limit?
  • Code Limit is 15 times the minimum wage
  • Comment
  • Source
20. Is there a limit on the amount a candidate can contribute to their own election campaign?
21. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to political parties?
22. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to candidates?
23. Is there a ban on political parties engaging in commercial activities?
24. Is there a ban on political parties taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
25. Is there a ban on candidates taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
26. Is there a ban on donors to political parties/candidates participating in public tender/procurement processes?
27. Are there provisions requiring donations to go through the banking system?

Question Value
28. Are there provisions for direct public funding to political parties?
  • CodeYes, both regularly and in relation to campaigns
  • Comment
  • Source
29. What are the eligibility criteria for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeShare of votes in next election
  • Comment3% of votes to the national parliament or 6% if part of coalition.
  • Source
30. What is the allocation calculation for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeProportional to votes received
  • Comment
  • Source
31. What are the provisions on 'ear marking' direct public funding to political parties (how it should be used)?
  • CodeCampaign spending | Activities in line with the party constitution and charity
  • CommentParties should generally use the funds for activities in line with its constitution and for charity. There is a limit on how much money can be transferred from the state subsidy to the electoral fund of the party. ?A political party which is in receipt of the subsidy shall remit between 5% and 15% of the subsidy to the Expert Fund.?
  • Source
32. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentThe election committees are entitled to free of charge broadcasting time.
  • Source
33. What criteria determine allocation for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeEqual | Number of candidates
  • Comment
  • Source
34. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source
35. Are there provisions for any other form of indirect public funding?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
36. Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties tied to gender equality among candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
37. Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

Question Value
38. Is there a ban on vote buying?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source
39. Are there limits on the amount a political party can spend?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source
40. If there are limits on the amount a political party can spend, what is the limit?
  • Code Number of voters/ Number of registered candidates
  • Comment
  • Source
41. Are there limits on the amount a candidate can spend?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentLimits for election committees apply to candidates.
  • Source
42. If there are limits on the amount a candidate can spend, what is the limit?
  • Code number of seats/registered voters
  • CommentLimit depends on the number of seats and registered voters in each district.
  • Source
43. Are there limits on the amount that third parties can spend on election campaign activities?
44. Are there limits on traditional media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
45. Are there limits on online media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
46. Do any other restrictions on online media advertisement (beyond limits) exist?

Question Value
47. Do political parties have to report regularly on their finances?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentAnnually
  • Source
48. Do political parties have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentReports have to be submitted within 3 months
  • Source
49. Do candidates have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentThe financial agents of the election committees have to submit an election report after the elections.
  • Source
50. Do third parties have to report on election campaign finances?
51. Is information in reports from political parties and/or candidates to be made public?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentReports are to be made public within 30 days.
  • Source
52. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates reveal the identity of donors?
  • CodeSometimes
  • CommentNames of donors donating more than one minimum wage must be published.
  • Source
53. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized income?
54. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized spending?
55. Which institution(s) receives financial reports from political parties and/or candidates?
  • CodeEMB
  • CommentThe reports are submitted to the National Electoral Commission.
  • Source
56. Which institution(s) is responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations?
  • CodeEMB
  • CommentNational Election Commission responsible for checking submitted reports.
  • Source
57. What power is granted to the institution(s) responsible for examining reports and/or investigating violations?
58. What sanctions are provided for political finance infractions?
  • CodeFines | Prison | Forfeiture | Loss of public funding | Deregistration of party
  • Comment
  • Source

Disclaimer: Maps presented do not imply on the part of the Institute any judgement on the legal status of any territory or the endorsement of such boundaries, nor does the placement or size of any country or territory reflect the political view of International IDEA. Maps are used in order to add visual clarity to data.