Papua New Guinea

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Question Value
1. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentBan in law only applies to international organizations, not to personal and corporate non-citizens, but 2010 Supreme Court ruling seems to also mean a ban on donations from such actors. International organisations are allowed to make donations to the Central Fund providing funding for all parties.
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2. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • CommentForeign individuals and corporations are explicitly allowed to make donations.
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3. Is there a ban on corporate donations to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    No bans on corporate donations to political parties in law.

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4. Is there a ban on corporate donations to candidates?
  • CodeNo
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5. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to political parties?
  • CodeNo
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6. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to candidates?
  • CodeNo
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7. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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8. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentNo direct ban, but de facto ban through requirement to record or report identity of donor.
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9. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to political parties?
  • CodeNo
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10. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to candidates?
  • CodeNo
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11. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to political parties?
  • CodeNo
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12. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to candidates?
  • CodeNo
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13. Is there a ban on the use of state resources in favour or against a political party or candidate?
  • CodeNo data
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14. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period?
  • CodeYes, for both natural and legal persons
  • Comment

    There is a limit on the amount that can be contributed directly to a political party but no limit on the amount that can be contributed to the Central Fund.

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    Article 79.'(1) Subject to this section, a citizen may contribute to ?(a) the Central Fund, to an unlimited extent; and(b) a political party, to an extent provided by Subsection (2)(a)''(2) Subject to Subsection (4), contributions made by a citizen ?(a) under Subsection (1)(b) ? shall not exceed the sum of K500, 000.00 in total in any calendar year'Article 81.'(1) Subject to this section, a non-citizen may contribute to ?(a) the Central Fund, to an unlimited extent; and(b) a registered political party, to an extent provided by Subsection (2)(a)''(2) Subject to Subsection (4), contributions made by a non-citizen ?(a) under Subsection (1)(b) ? shall not exceed the sum of K500, 000.00 in total in any calendar year' (Source: Organic Law on the Integrity of Political Parties and Candidates, 2003)

15. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period, what is the limit?
  • Code Annual limit is PGK 500,000 [I$ 471,000]
  • CommentThe limit applies per calender year to contributions made to a specific party, citizens and non-citizens are allowed to contribute to an unlimited extent to the Central Fund.
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16. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    Regular limit applies

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17. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
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18. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate?
19. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate, what is the limit?
  • Code Limit is PGK 500,000 [I$ 471,000]
  • Comment
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20. Is there a limit on the amount a candidate can contribute to their own election campaign?
21. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to political parties?
22. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to candidates?
23. Is there a ban on political parties engaging in commercial activities?
24. Is there a ban on political parties taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
25. Is there a ban on candidates taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
26. Is there a ban on donors to political parties/candidates participating in public tender/procurement processes?
27. Are there provisions requiring donations to go through the banking system?

Question Value
28. Are there provisions for direct public funding to political parties?
  • CodeYes, regularly
  • CommentThe public funding is provided through the Central Fund, which can also receive funding from citizens, non-citizens, international organisations, and the Election Commission. The amounts of public funding to the Central Fund each year is regulated by law.
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29. What are the eligibility criteria for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeRepresentation in elected body | Filing of a financial return
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30. What is the allocation calculation for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeProportional to seats received |

    Women

  • Comment- Proportional to seats in the parliament. - Extra funding to parties according to number of female candidates nominated who did not win a seat but obtained at least 10% of the votes. - Possible extra funding distributed equally to all parties.
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31. What are the provisions on 'ear marking' direct public funding to political parties (how it should be used)?
  • CodeNo
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32. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeNo
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33. What criteria determine allocation for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeNot applicable
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34. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for candidates?
  • CodeNo
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35. Are there provisions for any other form of indirect public funding?
  • CodeYes | All candidates are provided with posters by the EMB
  • CommentAll candidates are provided with posters by the EMB. Parliamentary candidates are allowed to deduct campaign expenditure from their taxable income.
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36. Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties tied to gender equality among candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentParties receive K7,500 [I$ 7,100] or an amount set by the EMB for each woman candidate who wins at least 10% of the vote.
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37. Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties?
  • CodeNo
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Question Value
38. Is there a ban on vote buying?
  • CodeYes
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39. Are there limits on the amount a political party can spend?
  • CodeNo
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40. If there are limits on the amount a political party can spend, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
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41. Are there limits on the amount a candidate can spend?
  • CodeNo
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42. If there are limits on the amount a candidate can spend, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
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43. Are there limits on the amount that third parties can spend on election campaign activities?
44. Are there limits on traditional media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
45. Are there limits on online media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
46. Do any other restrictions on online media advertisement (beyond limits) exist?

Question Value
47. Do political parties have to report regularly on their finances?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentAnnually
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48. Do political parties have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentReport on details on contributions, other sources of income, and expenditures.
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49. Do candidates have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
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50. Do third parties have to report on election campaign finances?
51. Is information in reports from political parties and/or candidates to be made public?
  • CodeNo
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52. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates reveal the identity of donors?
  • CodeYes
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53. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized income?
54. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized spending?
55. Which institution(s) receives financial reports from political parties and/or candidates?
  • CodeSpecial agency for political finance
  • CommentThe Registry of Political Parties, an administrative unit under the Integrity of Political Parties and Candidates Commission.
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56. Which institution(s) is responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations?
  • CodeOther
  • Comment- The Office of the Registar for Political Parties
    - The Integrity of Political Parties and Candidates Commission for further investigation
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57. What power is granted to the institution(s) responsible for examining reports and/or investigating violations?
58. What sanctions are provided for political finance infractions?
  • CodeFines | Prison | Forfeiture | Loss of public funding | Deregistration of party
  • CommentThe political party regains the right to public funding when the illegal contribution has been paid to the Central Fund. Not submitting two consecutive annual financial reports can lead to the party being deregistered.
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Disclaimer: Maps presented do not imply on the part of the Institute any judgement on the legal status of any territory or the endorsement of such boundaries, nor does the placement or size of any country or territory reflect the political view of International IDEA. Maps are used in order to add visual clarity to data.