Nigeria

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Question Value
Legal provisions for mandatory referendums at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for optional referendums at national level
  • No
Legal provisions for citizens' initiatives at national level
  • No
Legal provisions for agenda initiatives at national level
  • No
Legal provisions for recall at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for direct democracy at the regional level
    Legal provisions for direct democracy at the local level
      Legal basis for direct democracy at the national level
      • Constitutional
      • Specific laws/legislation
      Legal basis for administrative requirements at the national level
      • Constitutional
      • Specific laws/legislation
      Who administers direct democracy mechanisms at the national level?
      • Independent electoral commission
      First referendum/initiative held
      • 1963
      Has there been a national referendum since 1980?
      • No

      Question Value
      Issues in relation to which referendums are mandatory at the national level
      • Creation of a new state; Creation of a new local government area
      Issues in relation to which referendums are optional at the national level
      • None
      Issues excluded from being the subject of referendums at the national level
      • None
      Issues of sub-national referendums regulated at the national level
      • Creation/merger/abolition of sub-national territories
      Who can initiate an optional referendum at the national level?
      • Not applicable
      Who drafts the referendum question?
      • Mandatory referendum - Independent electoral commission
      Who decides on the final form of the ballot text?
      • Not specified by legislation
      Quorum requirements for a referendum to be valid
      • Mandatory referendum - approval quorum
      Requirements for a referendum to pass
      • Not specified by legislation
      Are referendum results binding?
      • Mandatory referendum - sometimes

      Question Value
      Issues that can be proposed by citizens using the initiative process at the national level
      • Not applicable
      Issues excluded from being the subject of an initiative at the national level
      • Not applicable
      Who may propose the registration of an initiative?
      • Not applicable
      Materials to accompany an application for registration
      • Not applicable
      Who determines the title of an initiative?
      • Not applicable
      What disqualifies a proposed title of an initiative?
      • Not applicable
      Who is responsible for checking the legality of initiatives?
      • Not applicable
      At which stage legality check is conducted?
      • Not applicable
      Who decides the final ballot text when the initiative is put to a vote?
      • Not applicable
      When does voting take place once an initiative is qualified for ballot?
      • Not applicable

      Question Value
      Which individuals/positions may be subject to the recall?
      • Members of the national legislature
      • Members of provincial/local legislature bodies
      What are the grounds for recall?
      • Loss of confidence
      What restrictions are there in relation to the time period in which an individual or position can be recalled?
      • Not specified by legislation
      When is the recall put to the vote?
      • Within a certain time limit
      When does the election to replace an individual who has been recalled take place?
      • Not specified by legislation
      Can an individual who is the subject of a recall stand on the ballot for his/her own replacement?
      • Not specified by legislation

      Question Value
      How many signatures are required to start the formal decision making stage of a direct democracy mechanism?
      • Recall - proportion of the electorate
      What is the deadline for collecting required number of signatures?
      • Not specified by legislation
      Restrictions in relation to the individuals who can sign the proposal
      • Recall - Signatories must be registered electors in a specified electoral district
      Where can proposals be signed?
      • Anywhere
      What information must signatories provide when signing the proposal?
      • Not specified by legislation
      Restrictions in relation to signature collection
      • Not specified by legislation
      What forms of checks are undertaken to verify signatures?
      • See comments
      Who checks the signatures?
      • Agency responsible for the administration of direct democracy mechanisms