Nigeria

Change country

Question Value
Legal provisions for mandatory referendums at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for optional referendums at national level
  • No
Legal provisions for citizens' initiatives at national level
  • No
Legal provisions for agenda initiatives at national level
  • No
Legal provisions for recall at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for direct democracy at the regional level
    Legal provisions for direct democracy at the local level
      Legal basis for direct democracy at the national level
      • Constitutional
      • Specific laws/legislation
      Legal basis for administrative requirements at the national level
      • Constitutional
      • Specific laws/legislation
      Who administers direct democracy mechanisms at the national level?
      • Independent electoral commission
      First referendum/initiative held
      • 1963
      Has there been a national referendum since 1980?
      • No

      Question Value
      Issues in relation to which referendums are mandatory at the national level
      • Creation of a new state; Creation of a new local government area
      Issues in relation to which referendums are optional at the national level
      • None
      Issues excluded from being the subject of referendums at the national level
      • None
      Issues of sub-national referendums regulated at the national level
      • Creation/merger/abolition of sub-national territories
      Who can initiate an optional referendum at the national level?
      • Not applicable
      Who drafts the referendum question?
      • Mandatory referendum - Independent electoral commission
      Who decides on the final form of the ballot text?
      • Not specified by legislation
      Quorum requirements for a referendum to be valid
      • Mandatory referendum - approval quorum
      Requirements for a referendum to pass
      • Not specified by legislation
      Are referendum results binding?
      • Mandatory referendum - sometimes

      Question Value
      Issues that can be proposed by citizens using the initiative process at the national level
      • Not applicable
      Issues excluded from being the subject of an initiative at the national level
      • Not applicable
      Who may propose the registration of an initiative?
      • Not applicable
      Materials to accompany an application for registration
      • Not applicable
      Who determines the title of an initiative?
      • Not applicable
      What disqualifies a proposed title of an initiative?
      • Not applicable
      Who is responsible for checking the legality of initiatives?
      • Not applicable
      At which stage legality check is conducted?
      • Not applicable
      Who decides the final ballot text when the initiative is put to a vote?
      • Not applicable
      When does voting take place once an initiative is qualified for ballot?
      • Not applicable

      Question Value
      Which individuals/positions may be subject to the recall?
      • Members of the national legislature
      • Members of provincial/local legislature bodies
      What are the grounds for recall?
      • Loss of confidence
      What restrictions are there in relation to the time period in which an individual or position can be recalled?
      • Not specified by legislation
      When is the recall put to the vote?
      • Within a certain time limit
      When does the election to replace an individual who has been recalled take place?
      • Not specified by legislation
      Can an individual who is the subject of a recall stand on the ballot for his/her own replacement?
      • Not specified by legislation

      Question Value
      How many signatures are required to start the formal decision making stage of a direct democracy mechanism?
      • Recall - proportion of the electorate
      What is the deadline for collecting required number of signatures?
      • Not specified by legislation
      Restrictions in relation to the individuals who can sign the proposal
      • Recall - Signatories must be registered electors in a specified electoral district
      Where can proposals be signed?
      • Anywhere
      What information must signatories provide when signing the proposal?
      • Not specified by legislation
      Restrictions in relation to signature collection
      • Not specified by legislation
      What forms of checks are undertaken to verify signatures?
      • See comments
      Who checks the signatures?
      • Agency responsible for the administration of direct democracy mechanisms

      Disclaimer: Maps presented do not imply on the part of the Institute any judgement on the legal status of any territory or the endorsement of such boundaries, nor does the placement or size of any country or territory reflect the political view of International IDEA. Maps are used in order to add visual clarity to data.