Nepal

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Question Value
1. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Rajnaitik Dal Sambandhi Pahilo Sansodhan (First Act regarding Political Parties) 2017, Art. 38

2. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source
3. Is there a ban on corporate donations to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    Only companies registered in Nepal

  • Source

    Rajnaitik Dal Sambandhi Pahilo Sansodhan (First Act regarding Political Parties) 2017, Art. 38

4. Is there a ban on corporate donations to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
5. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

    Rajnaitik Dal Sambandhi Pahilo Sansodhan (First Act regarding Political Parties) 2017, Art. 38

6. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
7. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Rajnaitik Dal Sambandhi Pahilo Sansodhan (First Act regarding Political Parties) 2017, Art. 38

8. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to candidates?
  • CodeNo data
  • Comment
  • Source
9. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

    http://cijnepal.org.np/contractors-party-candidates-money-power-trumps-people-power/

10. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

    http://cijnepal.org.np/contractors-party-candidates-money-power-trumps-people-power/

11. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Rajnaitik Dal Sambandhi Pahilo Sansodhan (First Act regarding Political Parties) 2017, Art. 38/2 (B)

12. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source
13. Is there a ban on the use of state resources in favour or against a political party or candidate?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Not only state resources but also government employees

  • Source

    Nirvachan (Kasur tatha Sajay) Aen, 2073, Art. 26

14. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    Only that any donation more than 25,000 PKR should be by cheque

  • Source

    Rajnaitik Dal Sambandhi Pahilo Sansodhan (First Act regarding Political Parties) 2017, Art. 38

15. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period, what is the limit?
  • CodeNo data
  • Comment

    Only that donations over 25,000 PKR should be donated by cheque

  • Source

    Rajnaitik Dal Sambandhi Pahilo Sansodhan (First Act regarding Political Parties) 2017, Art. 38

16. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election?
  • CodeNo data
  • Comment
  • Source
17. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election, what is the limit?
  • CodeNo data
  • Comment
  • Source
18. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate?
  • CodeNo data
  • Comment
  • Source
19. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
  • Source
20. Is there a limit on the amount a candidate can contribute to their own election campaign?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
21. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to political parties?
  • CodeNo data
  • Comment
  • Source
22. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to candidates?
  • CodeNo data
  • Comment
  • Source
23. Is there a ban on political parties engaging in commercial activities?
  • CodeNo data
  • Comment
  • Source
24. Is there a ban on political parties taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeNo data
  • Comment

    None of the acts/rules I have come so far have any mention of a loan.

  • Source
25. Is there a ban on candidates taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeNo data
  • Comment

    None of the acts/rules I have come so far has any mention of a loan.

  • Source
26. Is there a ban on donors to political parties/candidates participating in public tender/procurement processes?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
27. Are there provisions requiring donations to go through the banking system?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Any donation above 25,000 NPR

  • Source

Question Value
28. Are there provisions for direct public funding to political parties?
  • CodeYes, in relation to campaigns
  • Comment
  • Source

    Rajnaitik Dal Sambandhi Niyamavali (Rules regarding Political Parties), Art. 12

29. What are the eligibility criteria for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeRegistration as a political party
  • Comment

    It is not explicitly mentioned but from the language of Art 12 and reading it in context of the act, registered parties can take donation seems the obvious choice.

  • Source

    Rajnaitik Dal Sambandhi Niyamavali (Rules regarding Political Parties), Art. 12

30. What is the allocation calculation for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
  • Source
31. What are the provisions on 'ear marking' direct public funding to political parties (how it should be used)?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
  • Source
32. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

    EU Election Observation Mission Report, 2018

33. What criteria determine allocation for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment

    Earlier it seems to have been a norm to provide free airtime. However, (a) I could not locate any similar clause in the new laws (b) the EU Election Observation Mission Report, 2018 suggests 10 recommendations, one of which is to provide free airtime which means that provision is absent at the moment.

  • Source

    EU Election Observation Mission Report, 2018

34. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

    EU Election Observation Mission Report, 2018

35. Are there provisions for any other form of indirect public funding?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
36. Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties tied to gender equality among candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
37. Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

Question Value
38. Is there a ban on vote buying?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Criminal Offence

  • Source

    Nirvachan (Kasur tatha Sajay) Aen, 2073, Art. 20/21

39. Are there limits on the amount a political party can spend?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Election Commission Act, Art. 24-26

40. If there are limits on the amount a political party can spend, what is the limit?
  • Code Every party was free to spend up to NPR 200,000 (€1,639) per PR candidate seeking a seat in the House of Representatives and up to NPR 150,000 (€1,229) per PR candidate running for a seat in a provincial assembly.
  • Comment
  • Source

    Final Report EU EOM Nepal, 2018, p.20

41. Are there limits on the amount a candidate can spend?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    First-Past-the-Post (FPTP) candidates:
    • House of Representatives: NPR 2,500,000 ($25,000) per candidate
    • State Assembly: NPR 1,500,000 ($15,000) per candidate
    Proportional Representation (PR) candidates:
    • House of Representatives: NPR 200,000 ($2,000) per candidate
    • State Assembly: NPR 150,000 ($1,500) per candidate

  • Source

    IFES 2017

42. If there are limits on the amount a candidate can spend, what is the limit?
  • Code As prescribed by the Election Commission
  • Comment
  • Source
43. Are there limits on the amount that third parties can spend on election campaign activities?
  • CodeNo data
  • Comment
  • Source
44. Are there limits on traditional media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeNo data
  • Comment
  • Source
45. Are there limits on online media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeNo data
  • Comment
  • Source
46. Do any other restrictions on online media advertisement (beyond limits) exist?
  • CodeNo data
  • Comment
  • Source

Question Value
47. Do political parties have to report regularly on their finances?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Rajnaitik Dal Sambandhi Pahilo Sansodhan (First Act regarding Political Parties) 2017, Art. 41

48. Do political parties have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Headwise expenses

  • Source

    For each election type, look at the last section of rules titled as 'Miscellaneous' 

49. Do candidates have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Headwise expenses

  • Source
50. Do third parties have to report on election campaign finances?
  • CodeNo data
  • Comment
  • Source
51. Is information in reports from political parties and/or candidates to be made public?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    In one month

  • Source

    Rajnaitik Dal Sambandhi Pahilo Sansodhan (First Act regarding Political Parties) 2017, Art. 41 (5)

52. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates reveal the identity of donors?
  • CodeSometimes
  • Comment

    More than 25,000 NPR

  • Source
53. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized income?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source
54. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized spending?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source
55. Which institution(s) receives financial reports from political parties and/or candidates?
  • CodeEMB | Auditing agency
  • Comment
  • Source
56. Which institution(s) is responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations?
  • CodeYes, EMB | Yes, institution for this purpose
  • Comment

    Commission for the Investigation of Abuse of Authority (CIAA)

  • Source
57. What power is granted to the institution(s) responsible for examining reports and/or investigating violations?
  • CodeNo data
  • Comment
  • Source
58. What sanctions are provided for political finance infractions?
  • CodeForfeiture | Loss of nomination of candidate
  • Comment

    Various sanctions over various infractions. Financial forfeiture ranging from 25,000 NPR to 2,50,000 NPR.

  • Source

    Nirvachan (Kasur tatha Sajay) Aen, 2073, Art. 27-31

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