Mexico

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Question Value
1. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentNot even Mexican citizens living or working in other countries are allowed to make contributions from abroad.
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2. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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3. Is there a ban on corporate donations to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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4. Is there a ban on corporate donations to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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5. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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6. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentIndividual candidates are not allowed to receive direct contributions from any legal source. Contributions to individual candidates should be channelled through his/her political party.
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7. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentBan does not apply to anonymous donations in public rallies.
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8. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentAnonymous donations during public rallies are allowed, but should be organized by the political parties, not by individual candidates.
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9. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to political parties?
10. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to candidates?
11. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to political parties?
12. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to candidates?
13. Is there a ban on the use of state resources in favour or against a political party or candidate?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentPublic officers are obliged to impartially allocate public resources that are under their responsibility.
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14. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period?
  • CodeNo
  • CommentThere is however a limit on the total amount that a party can receive over a period of time
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15. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • CommentIt is a yearly limit that applies equally during election and non election years.
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16. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment.
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17. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
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18. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate?
19. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
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20. Is there a limit on the amount a candidate can contribute to their own election campaign?
21. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to political parties?
22. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to candidates?
23. Is there a ban on political parties engaging in commercial activities?
24. Is there a ban on political parties taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
25. Is there a ban on candidates taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
26. Is there a ban on donors to political parties/candidates participating in public tender/procurement processes?
27. Are there provisions requiring donations to go through the banking system?

Question Value
28. Are there provisions for direct public funding to political parties?
  • CodeYes, both regularly and in relation to campaigns
  • Comment
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29. What are the eligibility criteria for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeShare of votes in next election | Registration as a political party
  • Comment3 per cent of all valid votes cast in one of the regular elections for members of the lower house of Congress, senators, or president of the Republic. For new parties, formed after an election, having become legally registered
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30. What is the allocation calculation for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeEqual | Proportional to votes received
  • Comment30% of the public funding are allocated on an equal basis among all parties, and? 70% according to the share of votes obtained in the latest election for the Chamber of? Deputies.
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31. What are the provisions on 'ear marking' direct public funding to political parties (how it should be used)?
  • CodeCampaign spending | Ongoing party activities | Intra-party institution
  • CommentRegular funding is for ongoing activities, on election years parties receive additional funding for campaign expenses. Of the funds parties receive for ongoing activities, at least 2% should be devoted to political education and training activities; political and socio-economic research, and publications; and another 2% to training, promotion and development of women leadership.
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32. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Political parties are granted free permanent access to radio and TV. Political parties are not allowed to buy airtime, directly or indirectly.

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33. What criteria determine allocation for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeEqual | Votes Received
  • Comment30% of the free time is allocated on an equal basis among all parties, and 70% according to the share of votes obtained in the latest election for the Chamber of Deputies.
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34. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    Only to political parties

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35. Are there provisions for any other form of indirect public funding?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Free postage and use of telegraphic facilities, as well as tax exemptions.

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36. Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties tied to gender equality among candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
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37. Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties?
  • CodeYes, funds earmarked for gender activities
  • CommentEach party has to devote 2% of their yearly regular public funding to the training, promotion and development of women leadership.
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Question Value
38. Is there a ban on vote buying?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentVote buying is subject to a fine and imprisonment from six months to three years.
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39. Are there limits on the amount a political party can spend?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentThere are specific spending limits for each public office
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40. If there are limits on the amount a political party can spend, what is the limit?
  • Code Limit varies for each federal public office.
  • CommentNew formulas to determine the limits were introduced in 2008, after the latest general election. For the presidential and senatorial races scheduled in July 2012, new limits will be established by the end of 2011. The limit for the presidential race will be equal to 20% of the public funding allocated to all political parties for campaign expenses.
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41. Are there limits on the amount a candidate can spend?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentThere are specific spending limits for each public office.
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42. If there are limits on the amount a candidate can spend, what is the limit?
  • Code Limit varies for each federal public office, see source.
  • Comment
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43. Are there limits on the amount that third parties can spend on election campaign activities?
44. Are there limits on traditional media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
45. Are there limits on online media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
46. Do any other restrictions on online media advertisement (beyond limits) exist?

Question Value
47. Do political parties have to report regularly on their finances?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentDuring non election periods, political parties should submit an annual report and quarterly preliminary reports. During election periods, reports are to be filed every month.
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48. Do political parties have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentDuring election periods, parties have to submit a report on pre-campaign expenses for each campaign, as well as one preliminary and one final expenses report.
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49. Do candidates have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentCandidates must submit campaign reports disclosing campaign financing and expenses.
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50. Do third parties have to report on election campaign finances?
51. Is information in reports from political parties and/or candidates to be made public?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentAll financial reports submitted by political parties are regarded as public information, and as such should be publicly available.
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52. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates reveal the identity of donors?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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53. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized income?
54. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized spending?
55. Which institution(s) receives financial reports from political parties and/or candidates?
  • CodeEMB
  • CommentThe National Electoral Institute is responsible for auditing the income and expenditure of political parties, coalitions, national political groups and candidates.
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56. Which institution(s) is responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations?
  • CodeEMB
  • CommentThe special unit of the EMB is vested with full powers to investigate any breach of financial regulations, and these powers cannot be limited by bank or tax secrecies imposed by other laws.
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57. What power is granted to the institution(s) responsible for examining reports and/or investigating violations?
58. What sanctions are provided for political finance infractions?
  • CodeFines | Loss of public funding | Deregistration of party | Loss of political rights | Other
  • CommentSanctions for political parties and independent candidates include public reprimands, fines, decrease or loss of public funding and loss of political rights, deregistration.
  • Source

Disclaimer: Maps presented do not imply on the part of the Institute any judgement on the legal status of any territory or the endorsement of such boundaries, nor does the placement or size of any country or territory reflect the political view of International IDEA. Maps are used in order to add visual clarity to data.