Maldives

Change country

Question Value
1. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    Political Parties Act 2013 article 37 states that political parties are required to seek permission in writing from the Elections Commission of Maldives prior to receiving any donations from foreign sources. 

  • Source

    Source: Article 37, Political Party Act, 2013

2. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Source: Article 70, (a) and (b), Elections General Act, 2008

3. Is there a ban on corporate donations to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

    Source: Article 33, Political Party Act, 2013

4. Is there a ban on corporate donations to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

    Source: Article 70, 72, Elections General Act, 2008

5. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

    Source: Article 37, Political Party Act, 2013

6. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

    Source: Article 70, 72, Elections General Act, 2008

7. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source
8. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Source: Article 70 (d), Elections General Act, 2008

9. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
10. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
11. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Source: Article 70, Elections General Act, 2008

12. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Candidates and parties on behalf of candidates have a ban on accepting donations from companies with government ownership.

  • Source

    Source: Article 70, Elections General Act, 2008

13. Is there a ban on the use of state resources in favour or against a political party or candidate?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    There are bans on using government offices for political parties, bans on government employees using their influence for a political party, there are bans on state media providing a candidate more than 10% of air-time received by a competing candidate. 

  • Source

    Source: Article 70, 74, Elections General Act, 2008

    Source: Article 45, Political Party Act, 2013

    Source: Article 13, Presidential Election Act, 2008

14. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

    Source: Article 33, Political Party Act, 2013

15. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
  • Source
16. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

     

     

  • Source

    Source: Article 33, Political Party Act, 2013

17. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
  • Source
18. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate?
  • CodeYes, for both natural and legal persons
  • Comment

    A natural persons contribution to a candidates election may not exceed 0.5% of the value in accordance with Article 69 of the Elections General Act 2008.

    A legal persons contribution to a candidates election may not exceed 2% of the value in accordance with Article 69 of the Elections General Act 2008.

    Article 69 states that a candidate may spend not more than the value of MVR 1500 per person multiplied with the total number of registered voters in the constituency the candidate is contending.

  • Source

    Source: Article 69, 72 (b), Elections General Act, 2008

19. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate, what is the limit?
  • Code 1500 MVR times per registered voter in the constituency
  • Comment

    Article 69 states that a candidate may spend not more than the value of MVR 1500 per person multiplied with the total number of registered voters in the constituency the candidate is contending.

  • Source

    Source: Article 69, 72 (b), Elections General Act, 2008

20. Is there a limit on the amount a candidate can contribute to their own election campaign?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

    Source: Article 69, 72 (b), Elections General Act, 2008

21. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

    Source: Article 33, Political Party Act, 2013

22. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

    Source: Article 33 (a), Elections General Act, 2008

23. Is there a ban on political parties engaging in commercial activities?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

    Source: Article 33 (a3), Political Party Act, 2013

24. Is there a ban on political parties taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

    Source: Article 33 (a5), Elections General Act 2008

25. Is there a ban on candidates taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

    Source: Article 72(a), Elections General Act, 2008

26. Is there a ban on donors to political parties/candidates participating in public tender/procurement processes?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
27. Are there provisions requiring donations to go through the banking system?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Candidates are required to have a bank account opened in a bank in the Maldives and all donations are required to be deposited in to the set account, as well as all elections finances must operate through this account.

  • Source

    Source: Article 67 (a,b), Elections General Act, 2008

Question Value
28. Are there provisions for direct public funding to political parties?
  • CodeYes, regularly
  • Comment
  • Source

    Source: Article 33, 34, Political Party Act, 2013

29. What are the eligibility criteria for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeNumber of members
  • Comment

    Public funding for political parties is eligible to parties with a minimum of 10,000 registered members.

  • Source

    Source: Article 34, 35(b), Political Party Act, 2013

30. What is the allocation calculation for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeNumber of members
  • CommentPublic funding for political parties is allocated at a value between 0.1% to 0.2% of the annual state budget
  • Source

    Source: Article 34, 35(a), Political Party Act, 2013

31. What are the provisions on 'ear marking' direct public funding to political parties (how it should be used)?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    Article 34 has a general statement that public funding is for the running of the party. 

    Article 70 of Elections Act also states that public funding for the party can be used in elections.

  • Source

    Source: Article 34, Political Party Act, 2013

    Source: Article 70b of Elections General Act, 2008

32. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
33. What criteria determine allocation for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
  • Source
34. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Presidential elections candidates are entitled to free airtime from public media as allocated and publicly shared by them. 

  • Source

    Source: Article 13, Presidential Election Act, 2008

35. Are there provisions for any other form of indirect public funding?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Political parties with a registered membership of 20,000 is allocated a 1000sqft building or a 1000sqft space in a building on rental basis for use as office space and for party activities. 

  • Source

    Article 36 (a), Political Party Act 2013, 1st amendment 2015

    Article 36 (a), Political Party Act, 2013

     

36. Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties tied to gender equality among candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
37. Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

Question Value
38. Is there a ban on vote buying?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Source: Article 74 (a3), Elections General Act, 2008

39. Are there limits on the amount a political party can spend?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    There are limits to spending for candidates but not for political parties.

  • Source

    Source: Article 69, 72, Elections General Act, 2008

40. If there are limits on the amount a political party can spend, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
  • Source
41. Are there limits on the amount a candidate can spend?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Article 69  of the Elections General Act 2008 states that a candidate may spend not more than the value of MVR 1500 per person multiplied with the total number of registered voters in the constituency the candidate is contending.

     

  • Source

    Source: Article 69, Elections General Act 2008

42. If there are limits on the amount a candidate can spend, what is the limit?
  • Code 1500MVR per voter per constituency
  • Comment

    Article 69  of the Elections General Act 2008 states that a candidate may spend not more than the value of MVR 1500 per person multiplied with the total number of registered voters in the constituency the candidate is contending.

  • Source

    Source: Article 69, Elections General Act 2008

43. Are there limits on the amount that third parties can spend on election campaign activities?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

    Source: Article 71, 72, Elections General Act, 2008

44. Are there limits on traditional media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
45. Are there limits on online media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
46. Do any other restrictions on online media advertisement (beyond limits) exist?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

Question Value
47. Do political parties have to report regularly on their finances?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Political parties have to submit mandatory audit reports within 90 days following the end of each fiscal year.

  • Source

    Source: Article 41, Political Party Act, 2013

48. Do political parties have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
49. Do candidates have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Candidates have to submit financial reports to the Elections Commission within 30 days of the election. 

  • Source

    Source: Article 73 (a), Elections General Act, 2008

50. Do third parties have to report on election campaign finances?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
51. Is information in reports from political parties and/or candidates to be made public?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Source: Article 73 (d), Elections General Act, 2008

52. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates reveal the identity of donors?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Source: Article 73 (4), Elections General Act, 2008

53. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized income?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Source: Article 73 (c), Elections General Act, 2008

54. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized spending?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Source: Article 73 (a & b), Elections General Act, 2008

55. Which institution(s) receives financial reports from political parties and/or candidates?
  • CodeEMB | Ministry
  • Comment

    Political parties must submit financial reports to the Elections Commission as well as the Auditor General's Office.

    Candidates must submit financial reports to the Elections Commission.

  • Source

    Source: Article 41, Political Party Act, 2013

    Source: Article 73, Elections General Act, 2008

56. Which institution(s) is responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations?
  • CodeEMB | Ministry | Court
  • Comment
  • Source

    Source: Article 74, Elections General Act, 2008

57. What power is granted to the institution(s) responsible for examining reports and/or investigating violations?
  • CodeRefer for investigation | Carry out investigation | Impose sanctions
  • Comment
  • Source

    Source: Article 74, 75, Elections General Act, 2008

     

58. What sanctions are provided for political finance infractions?
  • CodeFines | Loss of public funding
  • Comment
  • Source

    Source: Article 48, Political Party Act, 2013

Disclaimer: Maps presented do not imply on the part of the Institute any judgement on the legal status of any territory or the endorsement of such boundaries, nor does the placement or size of any country or territory reflect the political view of International IDEA. Maps are used in order to add visual clarity to data.