Malta

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Question Value
1. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    There is a ban on foreign donation, but exceptions could be made.

  • Source

    Section 3(1) & 2 Foreign Interference Act 1982

    D3. (1) Subject  to  the  provisions  of  this  Act,  it  shall  not  be lawful for an alien to perform, do, hold, take part in, aid or abet, or allow, any restricted activity in Malta.
    (2) For the purposes of this Act, "a restricted activity" means - (a) any  activity,  or  participation  in  any  activity,  of  a political  nature  or  having  a  political  purpose  at  any time during the period commencing nine months prior to the date on which Parliament would, unless sooner dissolved, stand dissolved by virtue of article 76(2) of the Constitution and the date of the publication of the results  of  an  election,  or  at  any  time  between  the dissolution of Parliament according to article 76(1) of the Constitution and the date of the publication of the results of an election;
    (b)  the  provision  at  any  time  to  or  for  the  benefit  of  a political  party,  person,  club  or  similar  institution, whether directly or through an intermediary agent, of any money, equipment or other material, by way of gift or  otherwise  not  against  equivalent  valuable consideration, excluding books and other publications intended  for  sale  or  distribution  not  exclusively  or mainly for Malta, unless such provision is authorised by the Monitoring Committee in accordance with this Act.

2. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    There is a ban on foreign donation, but exceptions could be made.

  • Source

    Section 3(1) & 2 Foreign Interference Act 1982

    D3. (1) Subject  to  the  provisions  of  this  Act,  it  shall  not  be lawful for an alien to perform, do, hold, take part in, aid or abet, or allow, any restricted activity in Malta.
    (2) For the purposes of this Act, "a restricted activity" means - (a) any  activity,  or  participation  in  any  activity,  of  a political  nature  or  having  a  political  purpose  at  any time during the period commencing nine months prior to the date on which Parliament would, unless sooner dissolved, stand dissolved by virtue of article 76(2) of the Constitution and the date of the publication of the results  of  an  election,  or  at  any  time  between  the dissolution of Parliament according to article 76(1) of the Constitution and the date of the publication of the results of an election;
    (b)  the  provision  at  any  time  to  or  for  the  benefit  of  a political  party,  person,  club  or  similar  institution, whether directly or through an intermediary agent, of any money, equipment or other material, by way of gift or  otherwise  not  against  equivalent  valuable consideration, excluding books and other publications intended  for  sale  or  distribution  not  exclusively  or mainly for Malta, unless such provision is authorised by the Monitoring Committee in accordance with this Act.

3. Is there a ban on corporate donations to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
4. Is there a ban on corporate donations to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
5. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
6. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
7. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    PART IV (34), Financing of Political Parties Act, 2015, ammended in 2016

    34. Political parties shall not receive donations:

    (c) given anonymously.

8. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to candidates?
9. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
10. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
11. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    PART IV, Political parties shall not receive donations:

    (a) which are evidently made in the expectation of, or in
    return for, some specific financial or political
    advantage; and, or
    (b) from any public corporation or any parastatal body,
    company, or entity in which the State has a controlling
    interest:

12. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

     

  • Source
13. Is there a ban on the use of state resources in favour or against a political party or candidate?
  • CodeNo data
  • Comment
  • Source
14. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period?
  • CodeYes, for both natural and legal persons
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    PART IV (34), Financing of Political Parties Act, 2015, ammended in 2016

    34. Political parties shall not receive donations:(e) in excess of twenty-five thousand euro (€25,000) during one calendar year from the same source:
    Provided that for the purposes of this paragraph companies forming part of the same group of companies or which directly or indirectly are controlled by each other or by the same person or group of persons, shall be considered as a single source.

15. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period, what is the limit?
  • Code € 25,000 during one calendar year from the same source
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    PART IV (34), Financing of Political Parties Act, 2015, ammended in 2016

    34. Political parties shall not receive donations:(e) in excess of twenty-five thousand euro (€25,000) during one calendar year from the same source:
    Provided that for the purposes of this paragraph companies forming part of the same group of companies or which directly or indirectly are controlled by each other or by the same person or group of persons, shall be considered as a single source.

16. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
17. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
  • Source
18. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
19. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
  • Source
20. Is there a limit on the amount a candidate can contribute to their own election campaign?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
21. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    The cost is calculated based on legal provisions. 

  • Source

    PART IV (35), Financing of Political Parties Act, 2015, ammended in 2016

    35. (1) The value of any donation in the form of a gift to the Value of donation.
    political party, other than money, shall be taken to be the cost price
    to the donor of the gift or property in question.
    (2) Where, however, any gift to the political party, is such that:
    (a) any money or other property is transferred to the
    political party, pursuant to any transaction or
    arrangement involving the provision by or on behalf of
    the political party, of any property, services or
    facilities or other consideration of monetary value; and

     

    (b) the total value in monetary terms of the consideration
    so provided by or on behalf of the political party, is
    less than the amount transferred to the political party
    14 [CAP. 544. FINANCING OF POLITICAL PARTIES
    or, as the case may be, the cost to the transferor of the
    property transferred, the value of the donation shall be
    taken to be the difference between:
    (i) the amount of money or cost to the transferor of
    the property in question; and
    (ii) the total value in monetary terms of the
    consideration provided by or on behalf of the
    political party.
    (3) The value of any donation or services made by way of any
    sponsorship provided in relation to the political party shall be taken
    to be the amount of the money or, as the case may be, the cost to the
    donor of the property transferred as a donation; and accordingly
    any value in monetary terms of any benefit conferred on the person
    providing the sponsorship in question shall be disregarded.
    (4) The value of any donation consisting of the provision,
    otherwise than on commercial terms, of any property, services,
    loans or facilities for the use or benefit of the political party, shall
    be taken to be the amount representing the difference between:
    (a) the total value in monetary terms of the cost to the
    donor in respect of the provision of the property,
    services or facilities; and
    (b) the total value in monetary terms of the consideration,
    if any, actually so provided by or on behalf of the
    political party.

22. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    The cost is calculated based on legal provisions. 

  • Source

    PART IV (35), Financing of Political Parties Act, 2015, ammended in 2016

    35. (1) The value of any donation in the form of a gift to the Value of donation.
    political party, other than money, shall be taken to be the cost price
    to the donor of the gift or property in question.
    (2) Where, however, any gift to the political party, is such that:
    (a) any money or other property is transferred to the
    political party, pursuant to any transaction or
    arrangement involving the provision by or on behalf of
    the political party, of any property, services or
    facilities or other consideration of monetary value; and

    (b) the total value in monetary terms of the consideration
    so provided by or on behalf of the political party, is
    less than the amount transferred to the political party
    or, as the case may be, the cost to the transferor of the
    property transferred, the value of the donation shall be
    taken to be the difference between:
    (i) the amount of money or cost to the transferor of
    the property in question; and
    (ii) the total value in monetary terms of the
    consideration provided by or on behalf of the
    political party.
    (3) The value of any donation or services made by way of any
    sponsorship provided in relation to the political party shall be taken
    to be the amount of the money or, as the case may be, the cost to the
    donor of the property transferred as a donation; and accordingly
    any value in monetary terms of any benefit conferred on the person
    providing the sponsorship in question shall be disregarded.
    (4) The value of any donation consisting of the provision,
    otherwise than on commercial terms, of any property, services,
    loans or facilities for the use or benefit of the political party, shall
    be taken to be the amount representing the difference between:
    (a) the total value in monetary terms of the cost to the
    donor in respect of the provision of the property,
    services or facilities; and
    (b) the total value in monetary terms of the consideration,
    if any, actually so provided by or on behalf of the
    political party.

    P.3 'The authorities of Malta now inform that the following rules, which are identical for parties and independent election candidates, are included in the FPPA.' (Source: GRECO (October 2015) SecondInterim Compliance Report on Malta:'Transparency of Party Funding')

23. Is there a ban on political parties engaging in commercial activities?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
24. Is there a ban on political parties taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    loans to political parties on more favourable terms than ordinary commercial terms are forbidden 

  • Source

    PART IV (34), Financing of Political Parties Act, 2015, ammended in 2016

    34. Political parties shall not receive donations:

    (f) consisting of a loan on more favourable terms than
    ordinary commercial terms at the time when the loan
    was made, where the interest in respect of a period of
    twelve months which would have been payable by the
    political party had the loan been taken on ordinary
    commercial terms would have exceeded the interest
    actually owed for the same period by the political
    party to the person making the loan by an amount in
    excess of twenty-five thousand euro (€25,000);

25. Is there a ban on candidates taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    PART IV (34), Financing of Political Parties Act, 2015, ammended in 2016

    34. Political parties shall not receive donations:

    (f) consisting of a loan on more favourable terms than
    ordinary commercial terms at the time when the loan
    was made, where the interest in respect of a period of
    twelve months which would have been payable by the
    political party had the loan been taken on ordinary
    commercial terms would have exceeded the interest
    actually owed for the same period by the political
    party to the person making the loan by an amount in
    excess of twenty-five thousand euro (€25,000);

    P.3 'The authorities of Malta now inform that the following rules, which are identical for parties and independent election candidates, are included in the FPPA.' (Source: GRECO (October 2015) SecondInterim Compliance Report on Malta:'Transparency of Party Funding')

26. Is there a ban on donors to political parties/candidates participating in public tender/procurement processes?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
27. Are there provisions requiring donations to go through the banking system?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

Question Value
28. Are there provisions for direct public funding to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
29. What are the eligibility criteria for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
  • Source
30. What is the allocation calculation for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
  • Source
31. What are the provisions on 'ear marking' direct public funding to political parties (how it should be used)?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
  • Source
32. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    PART IV (34), Financing of Political Parties Act, 2015, ammended in 2016

    34. Political parties shall not receive donations:
    (b) from any public corporation or any parastatal body,
    company, or entity in which the State has a controlling
    interest:

    Provided that political parties shall be permitted to
    receive services from State sources only under a
    special law which shall regulate:
    (i) assistance in kind (such as air-time, access to
    means of communication and related matters);
    (ii) the proportions on the basis of which such
    assistance is to be provided to different political
    parties; and
    (iii) the timing of the assistance given before
    elections, after elections, during the European
    Parliament election period, the Local Council
    election period, the general election period and
    during referendum campaigns;

33. What criteria determine allocation for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
34. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for candidates?
35. Are there provisions for any other form of indirect public funding?
36. Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties tied to gender equality among candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
37. Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

Question Value
38. Is there a ban on vote buying?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    General Elections Law, No.​ 354, 1991, amended 2015

    Art. 56: The following persons shall be deemed guilty of the offence of bribery: [.‌.‌.‌] every person who, directly or indirectly, by himself or by any other person on his behalf, gives, lends or agrees to give or lend, or offers, promises or promises to procure, or to endeavour to procure, any money or valuable consideration to or for any voter, or to or for any person on behalf of any voter, or to or for any other person, in order to induce any voter to vote or refrain from voting, or corruptly does any such act as aforesaid on account of such voter having voted or refrained from voting at any election under this Ordinance;

39. Are there limits on the amount a political party can spend?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
40. If there are limits on the amount a political party can spend, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
  • Source
41. Are there limits on the amount a candidate can spend?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Article 49: ' 49. Article 46 of the Electoral (Polling) Ordinance included in the Fourteenth Schedule to the General Elections Act shall be substituted by the following new article: '46. (1) The maximum sum paid and, or expenses incurred by or on behalf of a candidate at an election of members of the House of Representatives, and, or by his election agent, whether before, during, or after an election on account of or in respect of the conduct of such election, shall not exceed the sum of twenty thousand euro (?20,000) from every electoral district: Provided that a candidate contesting two electoral districts shall not be obliged to spend the total amount of permissible campaign expenditure as aforesaid, equally between the two districts but may apportion the said permissible campaign expenditure between the two districts in such a manner as the candidate deems fit: Provided further that in the computation of campaign expenditure as aforesaid, where a candidate charges a fee for participation in political activities or for any goods or services made available at such activities the amount of any such fees charged and properly accounted for shall be deducted from the total amount of campaign expenditure. (2) Any candidate or election agent who knowingly acts in contravention of this article shall be guilty of an illegal practice.' ' (Source: The Financing of Political Parties Act, 2015. Published in the Government Gazette 28 July, 2015.)

42. If there are limits on the amount a candidate can spend, what is the limit?
  • Code 20,000 EUR for every electoral district
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Article 49: ' 49. Article 46 of the Electoral (Polling) Ordinance included in the Fourteenth Schedule to the General Elections Act shall be substituted by the following new article: '46. (1) The maximum sum paid and, or expenses incurred by or on behalf of a candidate at an election of members of the House of Representatives, and, or by his election agent, whether before, during, or after an election on account of or in respect of the conduct of such election, shall not exceed the sum of twenty thousand euro (?20,000) from every electoral district: Provided that a candidate contesting two electoral districts shall not be obliged to spend the total amount of permissible campaign expenditure as aforesaid, equally between the two districts but may apportion the said permissible campaign expenditure between the two districts in such a manner as the candidate deems fit: Provided further that in the computation of campaign expenditure as aforesaid, where a candidate charges a fee for participation in political activities or for any goods or services made available at such activities the amount of any such fees charged and properly accounted for shall be deducted from the total amount of campaign expenditure. (2) Any candidate or election agent who knowingly acts in contravention of this article shall be guilty of an illegal practice.' ' (Source: The Financing of Political Parties Act, 2015. Published in the Government Gazette 28 July, 2015.)

43. Are there limits on the amount that third parties can spend on election campaign activities?
  • CodeNo data
  • Comment
  • Source
44. Are there limits on traditional media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
45. Are there limits on online media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
46. Do any other restrictions on online media advertisement (beyond limits) exist?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

Question Value
47. Do political parties have to report regularly on their finances?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Annually statements of each financial year

  • Source

    PART III (24), Financing of Political Parties Act, 2015, ammended in 2016

    24. (1) The treasurer of a political party shall prepare an annual statement of accounts, in respect of each financial year, of
    that political party.

48. Do political parties have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
49. Do candidates have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    '[E]lection candidates - at general as well as local council elections ? are required to submit a return of their election incomes and expenses to the Electoral Commission. Article 50 of the Fourteenth Schedule of the General Elections Act provides that the election agent of every candidate is required to transmit a return of the election expenses of the candidate to the Electoral Commission within 31 days from the publication of the result of the election. Every such return, signed by the candidate and his/her agent and signed before a Magistrate, is to contain a statement of all payments made by the candidate or by the election agent, or by any persons on behalf of the candidate, or in his/her interest, for expenses incurred on account of, or in respect of, the conduct and management of the election, and a further statement of all unpaid claims in respect of such expenses.' (p. 9) (Source: GRECO (2009) Evaluation Report on Malta on Transparency of Party Funding (Theme II))

50. Do third parties have to report on election campaign finances?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
51. Is information in reports from political parties and/or candidates to be made public?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Electronically published in the official website 

  • Source

    PART III (29), Financing of Political Parties Act, 2015, ammended in 2016

    29. Where the Commission receives any audited accounts, as a result of the obligation of delivery of statements of accounts to it, it shall, within one month after receiving the statement, make a copy of the statement available for public inspection and it shall post the said statement on the website of the Commission and keep it available for public inspection and on the said website for the period for which the statement is kept by it.

52. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates reveal the identity of donors?
  • CodeSometimes
  • Comment

    Donations exceeding 500 EUR from the same source are recorded and donor's name or company registration details revealed

  • Source

    PART IV (37), Financing of Political Parties Act, 2015, ammended in 2016

    37. (1) Any donations exceeding the amount of five hundred
    euro (€500) from the same source shall be recorded together with
    the amount of the donations, the donor’s name and address, or
    company registration details, in the case when the donor is a
    registered company, the date on which the donation was received
    and the date on which the donation was accepted and any other
    relevant details.

53. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized income?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    PART III, Financing of Political Parties Act, 2015, ammended in 2016

    23. (1) The treasurer of a political party shall ensure that the accounting records are kept, with respect to the political party, in
    accordance with the principles and accounting practices and in accordance with generally accepted audit standards and in such manner
    which is sufficient to show and explain the political party’s transactions.
    (2) The accounting records shall be kept in such manner that they:
    (a) disclose, at any time, and with reasonable accuracy,
    the financial position of the political party at that time;
    and
    (b) enable the treasurer to ensure that any statement of
    accounts prepared by him for the purposes of the
    annual statements of accounts comply with the
    principles and accounting practices and in accordance with
    generally accepted audit standards and with the relevant
    provisions of this Act.
    (3) The accounting records must in particular contain:
    (a) sufficient details to be able to identify all sources of
    income received and all disbursements made by the
    political party, and the matters in respect of which
    such receipts and expenditure takes place;
    (b) a record of the assets and liabilities of the political
    party; and
    (c) the details of entities including commercial enterprises
    which are related directly or indirectly to a political
    party or are otherwise under its effective management
    or control.

54. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized spending?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    PART III, Financing of Political Parties Act, 2015, ammended in 2016

    24. (1) The treasurer of a political party shall prepare an
    annual statement of accounts, in respect of each financial year, of
    that political party, which statement must include:
    (a) a statement of income and expenditure;
    (b) the statement of the financial position as at the end of
    the financial year;
    (c) the statement of cash flows; and
    (d) all supplementary notes and schedules related to
    paragraphs (a), (b) and (c):
    Provided that for the purposes of this sub-article "financial
    year" means such a consecutive period of twelve months starting
    from the date chosen by the political party for the start of its
    financial year.
    (2) The statement of accounts under this article shall also
    comply with such requirements as to its form and contents as shall
    be prescribed by regulations made by the Minister, as advised by
    the Commission.

55. Which institution(s) receives financial reports from political parties and/or candidates?
  • CodeEMB
  • Comment
  • Source

    PART III, Financing of Political Parties Act, 2015, ammended in 2016

    22. (1) Political parties shall give account to the Commission in
    respect of their financial administration. The Commission may request
    information, on its own initiative, concerning the said financial
    administration as provided in this Act.

56. Which institution(s) is responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations?
  • CodeYes, EMB
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    PART III, Financing of Political Parties Act, 2015, ammended in 2016

     

    4) The Commission shall, where it considers it necessary for
    the proper enforcement of the provisions of this Act and subject to
    its obligation to act in a proportionate manner, have the power to
    investigate and demand to be provided with all information as it
    may require from any political party, individual, legal person, body,
    including any financial institution and, or any telecommunication
    service provider, who may be in possession of such information to
    determine the source of any donation received by political party

57. What power is granted to the institution(s) responsible for examining reports and/or investigating violations?
  • CodeRefer for investigation | Request additional information from potential violator | Impose sanctions
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    PART III, Financing of Political Parties Act, 2015, ammended in 2016

    31. Any person who knowingly or negligently makes a  statement to the Commission on behalf of a political party, or of a member of a political party for any purpose of this Act, which statement is false in any material particular in which it is made, or purports to be made, shall be liable to an administrative fine not exceeding ten thousand euro (€10,000) and to suspension from holding office in a political party for a period not exceeding three months by way of administrative sanction.

    32. (1) If it appears to the treasurer of a political party that any statement of accounts for any financial year of the political party has not complied with any requirements of regulations relating to the delivery of prescribed documents, he may prepare a revised statement of accounts which revised statement shall also be in compliance with the other provisions of this Act.
    (2) Where the audited accounts have already been delivered to the Commission, the revisions shall be confined to:
    (a) the correction of those parts in which the accounts do not comply with the prescribed requirements; and
    (b) the making of any necessary consequential alterations.
    (3) If it appears to the Commission that there is, or may be, a question whether any audited accounts delivered to it according to law complies with the prescribed requirements, it may give notice in writing to the treasurer of the political party in question indicating where it appears to it that such a question arises or may arise.
    (4) The notice shall specify a period of not more than one month for the treasurer to give the Commission an explanation of the statement of accounts or prepare a revised statement.
    (5) If at the end of the specified period, or such longer period as the Commission may allow, it appears to the Commission -
    (a) that no satisfactory explanation of the statement of accounts has been given; and

    (b) that the statement has not been revised so as to comply with the prescribed requirements, it may make an application to the First Hall, Civil Court, in
    accordance with sub-article (6).
    (6) The Commission may make an application to the First Hall,
    Civil Court:
    (a) for a declaration that the statement of accounts does
    not comply with the prescribed requirements; and
    (b) for an order requiring the treasurer of the political
    party to prepare a revised statement of accounts.
    (7) If the First Hall, Civil Court, orders the preparation of
    revised accounts, it may:
    (a) give such direction as it thinks fit; and, or
    (b) order that all or part of the costs of, and incidental to,
    the application are to be borne by the treasurer of the
    political party.

58. What sanctions are provided for political finance infractions?
  • CodeFines | Suspension of political party | Other
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    PART III, Financing of Political Parties Act, 2015, ammended in 2016

    31. Any person who knowingly or negligently makes a  statement to the Commission on behalf of a political party, or of a member of a political party for any purpose of this Act, which statement is false in any material particular in which it is made, or purports to be made, shall be liable to an administrative fine not exceeding ten thousand euro (€10,000) and to suspension from holding office in a political party for a period not exceeding three months by way of administrative sanction.

    P 8 'GRECO notes that administrative and criminal law sanctions may be imposed on independent election candidates for violations of political funding rules... Violations carry an administrative fine ranging between EUR 5 000 and EUR 20 000 and a forfeiture in favour of the state of an amount equal to the value of an illegal donation.' (Source: GRECO (October 2015) SecondInterim Compliance Report on Malta:'Transparency of Party Funding')

Disclaimer: Maps presented do not imply on the part of the Institute any judgement on the legal status of any territory or the endorsement of such boundaries, nor does the placement or size of any country or territory reflect the political view of International IDEA. Maps are used in order to add visual clarity to data.