Mongolia

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Question Value
1. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    18.7. It is forbidden to receive donation from the following:
    18.7.1. Mongolian citizen under 18 ages;
    18.7.2. state and state related organizations, companies;
    18.7.3. religious organizations;
    18.7.4. international organization, foreign citizens, legal entity, people with no citizenship;
    18.7.5. legal entity which is less than one year old of its establishment;
    18.7.6. person without name, address;
    18.7.7. legal entity which has bankrupted or has expired bank loan;
    18.7.8. other people forbidden by law.
    Source: Article 18.7, Law on Political Parties, 2005

2. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    49.2. The donator shall be a citizen of Mongolia who has met the requirements set forth in this Law.
    Source: Article 49.2, Law on Election, 2015

3. Is there a ban on corporate donations to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

    52.1. The following entities shall be prohibited to make donations:
    52.1.1. a foreign country or foreign organization (foreign party of a joint organization);
    52.1.2. an international organization;
    52.1.3. state or local government authority;
    52.1.4. a foreign citizen;
    52.1.5. a stateless person;
    52.1.6. a person who has not attained the age of eighteen;
    52.1.7. a state or local government-owned or partially state or local government-owned legal entity;
    52.1.8. a legal entity that has tax debts determined by a court decision, has gone bankrupt, or has overdue bank loan debts;
    52.1.9. labor union or religious and other non-governmental organizations; and
    52.1.10. a legal entity that hasn’t been in operation for one year since it was set up.
    Source: Article 52.1, Law on Election, 2015

4. Is there a ban on corporate donations to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

    52.1. The following entities shall be prohibited to make donations:
    52.1.1. a foreign country or foreign organization (foreign party of a joint organization);
    52.1.2. an international organization;
    52.1.3. state or local government authority;
    52.1.4. a foreign citizen;
    52.1.5. a stateless person;
    52.1.6. a person who has not attained the age of eighteen;
    52.1.7. a state or local government-owned or partially state or local government-owned legal entity;
    52.1.8. a legal entity that has tax debts determined by a court decision, has gone bankrupt, or has overdue bank loan debts;
    52.1.9. labor union or religious and other non-governmental organizations; and
    52.1.10. a legal entity that hasn’t been in operation for one year since it was set up.
    Source: Article 52.1, Law on Election, 2015

5. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

    18.7. It is forbidden to receive donation from the following:
    18.7.1. Mongolian citizen under 18 ages;
    18.7.2. state and state related organizations, companies;
    18.7.3. religious organizations;
    18.7.4. international organization, foreign citizens, legal entity, people with no citizenship;
    18.7.5. legal entity which is less than one year old of its establishment;
    18.7.6. person without name, address;
    18.7.7. legal entity which has bankrupted or has expired bank loan;
    18.7.8. other people forbidden by law.
    Source: Article 18.7, Law on Political Parties, 2005

6. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    52.1. The following entities shall be prohibited to make donations:
    52.1.1. a foreign country or foreign organization (foreign party of a joint organization);
    52.1.2. an international organization;
    52.1.3. state or local government authority;
    52.1.4. a foreign citizen;
    52.1.5. a stateless person;
    52.1.6. a person who has not attained the age of eighteen;
    52.1.7. a state or local government-owned or partially state or local government-owned legal entity;
    52.1.8. a legal entity that has tax debts determined by a court decision, has gone bankrupt, or has overdue bank loan debts;
    52.1.9. labor union or religious and other non-governmental organizations; and
    52.1.10. a legal entity that hasn’t been in operation for one year since it was set up.
    Source: Article 52.1, Law on Election, 2015

7. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    18.7. It is forbidden to receive donation from the following:
    18.7.1. Mongolian citizen under 18 ages;
    18.7.2. state and state related organizations, companies;
    18.7.3. religious organizations;
    18.7.4. international organization, foreign citizens, legal entity, people with no citizenship;
    18.7.5. legal entity which is less than one year old of its establishment;
    18.7.6. person without name, address;
    18.7.7. legal entity which has bankrupted or has expired bank loan;
    18.7.8. other people forbidden by law.
    Source: Article 18.7, Law on Political Parties, 2005

8. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    58.3. A statement on election expenses shall be prepared as per the following benchmarks:
    58.3.1. total amount of income in the election expenses account. Amongst them:
    58.3.1.a. income from private assets;
    58.3.1.b. income from a party, joint parties and coalition; and
    58.3.1.c. donation income.
    58.3.2. last name (father or mother’s name), first name, place of residence address, and amount and type of his/her donation of a citizen who made a donation;
    58.3.3. title, address, last name (father or mother’s name) and first name of its Executive Director, and amount and type of its donation of a legal entity that made a donation;
    58.3.4. classification and performance of expenses; and
    58.3.5. amount and location of remaining assets.
    Source: Article 58.3, Law on Election, 2015

9. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
10. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
11. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    52.1. The following entities shall be prohibited to make donations:
    52.1.1. a foreign country or foreign organization (foreign party of a joint organization);
    52.1.2. an international organization;
    52.1.3. state or local government authority;
    52.1.4. a foreign citizen;
    52.1.5. a stateless person;
    52.1.6. a person who has not attained the age of eighteen;
    52.1.7. a state or local government-owned or partially state or local government-owned legal entity;
    52.1.8. a legal entity that has tax debts determined by a court decision, has gone bankrupt, or has overdue bank loan debts;
    52.1.9. labor union or religious and other non-governmental organizations; and
    52.1.10. a legal entity that hasn’t been in operation for one year since it was set up.
    Source: Article 52.1, Law on Election, 2015

12. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    52.1. The following entities shall be prohibited to make donations:
    52.1.1. a foreign country or foreign organization (foreign party of a joint organization);
    52.1.2. an international organization;
    52.1.3. state or local government authority;
    52.1.4. a foreign citizen;
    52.1.5. a stateless person;
    52.1.6. a person who has not attained the age of eighteen;
    52.1.7. a state or local government-owned or partially state or local government-owned legal entity;
    52.1.8. a legal entity that has tax debts determined by a court decision, has gone bankrupt, or has overdue bank loan debts;
    52.1.9. labor union or religious and other non-governmental organizations; and
    52.1.10. a legal entity that hasn’t been in operation for one year since it was set up.
    Source: Article 52.1, Law on Election, 2015

13. Is there a ban on the use of state resources in favour or against a political party or candidate?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    70.5. An entity that is entitled to run an election campaign is forbidden to take or conduct the following action or activities in the course of the election campaign:
    70.5.1. to run an election campaign in any manner other than that set forth in this Law;
    70.5.2. to run an election campaign in periods other than that approved;
    70.5.3. to conduct any kind of service to entice voters other than approved by this Law, or sponsorship thereof;
    70.5.4. to make a promise to implement any objective or take measure not included in the party or coalition’s platform or take any action of that nature for the election campaign;
    70.5.5. to perform work or provide services with state or other assets in case of investment;
    70.5.6. to use a loudspeaker from 23:00 (11 p.m.) to 07.00 a.m. of the following day;
    70.5.7. to decline to participate in the election or run a campaign calling for violation of election or other legislation;
    70.5.8 to use religious rituals; organize, participate or sponsor thereof, or distribute things related to religion;
    70.5.9. to print, publish or broadcast any song or image related to religion in election campaign program or material;
    70.5.10. to distribute a machine, equipment, cash, drug, food, or other goods to a voter, his/her family members, minor, authority or organization, or staff free of charge or sell them at lower rates by himself/herself or through others or under the name of humanitarian, charitable, or religious organization or non-governmental organization or fund, or pay a wage or benefit to entice voters;
    70.5.11. to use vehicles or other assets of a state or local government authority, state or local government-owned or partially state or local government-owned legal entity for an election campaign in any manner in circumstances other than those set forth in this Law;
    70.5.12. to allow civil servants other than political ones to engage in an election campaign in any manner;
    70.5.13. to slander, libel or insult others, or distribute false news and information in any manner in the course of election campaign
    70.5.14. to give or promise to give material or immaterial advantage to voters to entice voters;
    70.5.15. to include a promise to distribute or directly disburse public or local funds to citizens in a party or coalition’s platform or spread it among voters orally or otherwise;
    70.5.16. to conduct other action or activities to buy voters’ ballots;
    70.5.17. to run an election campaign in the facility of state or local self-government authority, state or local government-owned or partially state or local government-owned legal entity, humanitarian, charitable, or religious organization, or in the polling station or in the facility of an election headquarters; or
    70.5.18. to print, distribute, publish or broadcast election campaign material of which source is not mentioned;
    Source: Article 70.5, Law on Election, 2015

14. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period?
  • CodeYes, for both natural and legal persons
  • Comment
  • Source

    18.3. The maximum amount of donation for legal entity is ten million, for person is one million tugrug for one time and donator is allowed to give donation to one organization of the party for no more than two times a year. It is forbidden to seek for personal interest, position and to oppress due to donation.
    Source: Article 18.3, Law on Political Parties, 2005

15. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period, what is the limit?
  • Code 20 million for legal entities and 2 million for persons
  • Comment
  • Source

    18.3. The maximum amount of donation for legal entity is ten million, for person is one million tugrug for one time and donator is allowed to give donation to one organization of the party for no more than two times a year. It is forbidden to seek for personal interest, position and to oppress due to donation.
    Source: Article 18.3, Law on Political Parties, 2005

16. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election?
  • CodeYes, for both natural and legal persons
  • Comment
  • Source

    50.1. In cash donations shall not exceed the following amount:
    50.1.1. as for citizen, up to 3 million tugrik; and
    50.1.2. as for legal entity, up to 15 million tugrik.
    Source: Article 50.1, Law on Election, 2015

17. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election, what is the limit?
  • Code 3 million for citizens and 15 million for legal entities
  • Comment
  • Source

    50.1. In cash donations shall not exceed the following amount:
    50.1.1. as for citizen, up to 3 million tugrik; and
    50.1.2. as for legal entity, up to 15 million tugrik.
    Source: Article 50.1, Law on Election, 2015

18. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate?
  • CodeYes, for both natural and legal persons
  • Comment
  • Source

    50.1. In cash donations shall not exceed the following amount:
    50.1.1. as for citizen, up to 3 million tugrik; and
    50.1.2. as for legal entity, up to 15 million tugrik.
    Source: Article 50.1, Law on Election, 2015

19. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate, what is the limit?
  • Code 3 million for citizens and 15 million for legal entities
  • Comment
  • Source

    50.1. In cash donations shall not exceed the following amount:
    50.1.1. as for citizen, up to 3 million tugrik; and
    50.1.2. as for legal entity, up to 15 million tugrik.
    Source: Article 50.1, Law on Election, 2015

20. Is there a limit on the amount a candidate can contribute to their own election campaign?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    However, State central audit office may set a limit

  • Source

    41.1. State central audit office shall set the maximum amount of election expenses by a candidate nominated for a constituency in consideration of the size and location of the constituency’s territory and its population size within at least 120 days prior to the polling day.
    41.2. State central audit office shall set the maximum amount of election expenses by a party or coalition within at least 120 days prior to the polling day.
    41.3. As for the election of the Citizens’ Representatives’ Hural, a branch of state audit office based in the aimag, capital city shall set the maximum amount of election expenses by a party, coalition or candidate nominated for the election of the aimag, capital city, soum, district in conformity with standard issued by the highest audit body of the state 90 days prior to the pollingg day.
    Source: Article 41, Law on Election, 2015

21. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    51.4. The price of in kind donation shall be established mutually by donation agreement and the price shall not exceed the maximum amount of donation to be made by a citizen or legal entity.
    Source: Article 51.4, Law on Election, 2015

22. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    51.4. The price of in kind donation shall be established mutually by donation agreement and the price shall not exceed the maximum amount of donation to be made by a citizen or legal entity.
    Source: Article 51.4, Law on Election, 2015

23. Is there a ban on political parties engaging in commercial activities?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Article 16. Capital, income of party
    16.1. Real estate, movable properties shall be capital of the party.
    16.2. The following shall be considered as the capital of the party:
    16.2.1. membership tax;
    16.2.2. donations from member, people and legal entities;
    16.2.3. subsidization from the state;
    16.2.4. souvenirs depicting the symbol of the party, things belong to the party;
    16.2.5. revenue of publishing, media and commercialization;
    16.2.6. revenue from renting or selling its own properties;
    16.2.7. interest of the its savings in banks.
    16.3. It is forbidden to earn profit, keep company in other ways than it is stated in article 16 of this law.
    Source: Article 16, Law on Political Parties, 2005

24. Is there a ban on political parties taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    53.3. A party is prohibited to disburse loan capital for election campaign.
    Source: Article 53.3, Law on Election, 2015

25. Is there a ban on candidates taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    54.4. A candidate is prohibited to disburse loan capital for election campaign.
    Source: Article 53.3, Law on Election, 2015

26. Is there a ban on donors to political parties/candidates participating in public tender/procurement processes?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
27. Are there provisions requiring donations to go through the banking system?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

Question Value
28. Are there provisions for direct public funding to political parties?
  • CodeYes, both regularly and in relation to campaigns
  • Comment
  • Source

    Article 19. Subsidization from the state
    19.1. Government shall subsidize the party who has seats in the parliament for one time within three months after the election result is announced. Each vote shall be valued as one thousand tugrug and votes of the party in parliamentary election shall be compared to the total number of votes.
    19.2. Party who has seats in the parliament shall be subsidized quarterly from the state budget during the term of office and for each seat in the parliament shall be subsidized by ten million tugrug. 50 percent of this subsidization shall be spent for the parliamentary election unit areas.
    19.3. The money amount stated in 19.1, 19.2 of this law can be changed depending on the exchange rate.
    Source: Article 19, Law on Political Parties, 2005

29. What are the eligibility criteria for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeRepresentation in elected body
  • Comment
  • Source

    Article 19. Subsidization from the state
    19.1. Government shall subsidize the party who has seats in the parliament for one time within three months after the election result is announced. Each vote shall be valued as one thousand tugrug and votes of the party in parliamentary election shall be compared to the total number of votes.
    19.2. Party who has seats in the parliament shall be subsidized quarterly from the state budget during the term of office and for each seat in the parliament shall be subsidized by ten million tugrug. 50 percent of this subsidization shall be spent for the parliamentary election unit areas.
    19.3. The money amount stated in 19.1, 19.2 of this law can be changed depending on the exchange rate.
    Source: Article 19, Law on Political Parties, 2005

30. What is the allocation calculation for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeEqual
  • Comment
  • Source

    82.3. The central election authority shall approve a schedule and time allotment for free campaign programs to be broadcast over the public radio and television ensuring that equal time is allocated for each party, coalition or presidential candidate within at least 5 days prior to the launch of the election campaign.
    Source: Article 82.2, Law on Election, 2015

31. What are the provisions on 'ear marking' direct public funding to political parties (how it should be used)?
  • Code OTHER
  • Comment

    50 percent of this subsidization shall be spent for the parliamentary election unit areas.

  • Source

    Article 19. Subsidization from the state
    19.1. Government shall subsidize the party who has seats in the parliament for one time within three months after the election result is announced. Each vote shall be valued as one thousand tugrug and votes of the party in parliamentary election shall be compared to the total number of votes.
    19.2. Party who has seats in the parliament shall be subsidized quarterly from the state budget during the term of office and for each seat in the parliament shall be subsidized by ten million tugrug. 50 percent of this subsidization shall be spent for the parliamentary election unit areas.
    19.3. The money amount stated in 19.1, 19.2 of this law can be changed depending on the exchange rate.
    Source: Article 19, Law on Political Parties, 2005

32. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    82.2. Public radio and television shall broadcast campaign programs on a schedule and time allotment set by the central election authority for each party, coalition or presidential candidate participating in the election free of charge only.
    Source: Article 82.2, Law on Election, 2015

33. What criteria determine allocation for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeShare of seats | Votes Received
  • Comment
  • Source

    Article 19. Subsidization from the state
    19.1. Government shall subsidize the party who has seats in the parliament for one time within three months after the election result is announced. Each vote shall be valued as one thousand tugrug and votes of the party in parliamentary election shall be compared to the total number of votes.
    19.2. Party who has seats in the parliament shall be subsidized quarterly from the state budget during the term of office and for each seat in the parliament shall be subsidized by ten million tugrug. 50 percent of this subsidization shall be spent for the parliamentary election unit areas.
    19.3. The money amount stated in 19.1, 19.2 of this law can be changed depending on the exchange rate.
    Source: Article 19, Law on Political Parties, 2005

34. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
35. Are there provisions for any other form of indirect public funding?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    80.3. The following authorities or legal entities are obligated to allow the use of cultural centers, sports or meeting halls, or other public facilities under their supervision as venues for election campaign related meetings, forums, or public gatherings free of charge:
    80.3.1. a state or local government authority;
    80.3.2. a state or local government-owned legal entity; and
    80.3.3. a 51 or more percent state or local government-owned legal entity.
    Source: Article 80.3, Law on Election, 2015

36. Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties tied to gender equality among candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
37. Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

Question Value
38. Is there a ban on vote buying?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    70.1. Any entity is forbidden to take or conduct the following action or activities to entice voters from the start of the regular election year to the end of the polling:
    70.1.1. to distribute cash or free goods;
    70.1.2. to sell goods or things at lower rates;
    70.1.3. to provide services free of charge or at lower rates;
    70.1.4. to hold public sports tournament or competition, festival, performance, reception, party, banquet, paid quiz, betting, or gambling, or sponsorship thereof;
    70.1.5. to arrange and allow voters to take tours inside or outside the country or allow them to take a vacation in a resort or health resort;
    70.1.6. to organize any type of selection for political merit, slander or libel others, or distribute false information on the media, webpage or mobile phone message;
    70.1.7. to make a contract or oral deal to give cash or good at his/her or others’ expense in the future; and
    70.1.8. to make a promise to give largess or share or stock, intermediate for a job or have one to get a job and others.
    Source: Article 70.1, Law on Election, 2015

39. Are there limits on the amount a political party can spend?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    41.2. State central audit office shall set the maximum amount of election expenses by a party or coalition within at least 120 days prior to the polling day.
    Source: Article 41.2, Law on Election, 2015

40. If there are limits on the amount a political party can spend, what is the limit?
  • Code Determined by State central audit office
  • Comment
  • Source

    41.2. State central audit office shall set the maximum amount of election expenses by a party or coalition within at least 120 days prior to the polling day.
    Source: Article 41.2, Law on Election, 2015

41. Are there limits on the amount a candidate can spend?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    41.1. State central audit office shall set the maximum amount of election expenses by a candidate nominated for a constituency in consideration of the size and location of the constituency’s territory and its population size within at least 120 days prior to the polling day.
    Source: Article 41.1, Law on Election, 2015

42. If there are limits on the amount a candidate can spend, what is the limit?
  • Code Determined by State central audit office
  • Comment
  • Source

    41.1. State central audit office shall set the maximum amount of election expenses by a candidate nominated for a constituency in consideration of the size and location of the constituency’s territory and its population size within at least 120 days prior to the polling day.
    Source: Article 41.1, Law on Election, 2015

43. Are there limits on the amount that third parties can spend on election campaign activities?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
44. Are there limits on traditional media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeYes, for political parties | Yes, for candidates
  • Comment
  • Source

    77.2. A candidate or candidate’s election headquarter is entitled to distribute election campaign printed material to voters not exceeding the following sizes and forms:
    77.2.1. three printer’s sheets of newspaper;
    77.2.2. three printer’s sheets of journal;
    77.2.3. two printer’s sheets of leaflet and poster;
    77.2.4. two printer’s sheets of candidate’s resume; and
    77.2.5. three printer’s sheets of reports on performed work.
    77.3. A party or coalition participating in the election or the party or coalition’s election headquarters are entitled to distribute election campaign printed material to voters not exceeding the following sizes and forms:
    77.3.1. four printer’s sheets of newspaper or journal that exposes its platform; and
    77.3.2. three printer’s sheets of other campaign materials.
    Source: Article 77.2-77.3, Law on Election, 2015

45. Are there limits on online media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
46. Do any other restrictions on online media advertisement (beyond limits) exist?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

Question Value
47. Do political parties have to report regularly on their finances?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    20.3. Finance of the party shall be audited annually and it shall be published.
    Source: Article 20.3, Law on Political Parties, 2005

48. Do political parties have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    57.3. A party or coalition is obligated to prepare and deliver its statement on election expenses to the central election authority within 45 days after the polling day ends.
    Source: Article 57.3, Law on Election, 2015

49. Do candidates have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    58.1. A candidate for the election of the State Great Hural or the President is obligated to prepare and deliver his/her statement on election expenses to the central election authority within 30 days after the polling day ends.
    Source: Article 58.1, Law on Election, 2015

50. Do third parties have to report on election campaign finances?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
51. Is information in reports from political parties and/or candidates to be made public?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    60.3. State audit office shall review and make the statement on election expenses public within 90 days after it receives the statement, and make public a citizen who has donated one million or more tugriks, or a legal entity that has donated two million or more tugriks.
    Source: Article 60.3, Law on Election, 2015

52. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates reveal the identity of donors?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    58.3. A statement on election expenses shall be prepared as per the following benchmarks:
    58.3.1. total amount of income in the election expenses account. Amongst them:
    58.3.1.a. income from private assets;
    58.3.1.b. income from a party, joint parties and coalition; and
    58.3.1.c. donation income.
    58.3.2. last name (father or mother’s name), first name, place of residence address, and amount and type of his/her donation of a citizen who made a donation;
    58.3.3. title, address, last name (father or mother’s name) and first name of its Executive Director, and amount and type of its donation of a legal entity that made a donation;
    58.3.4. classification and performance of expenses; and
    58.3.5. amount and location of remaining assets.
    Source: Article 58.3, Law on Election, 2015

53. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized income?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    58.3. A statement on election expenses shall be prepared as per the following benchmarks:
    58.3.1. total amount of income in the election expenses account. Amongst them:
    58.3.1.a. income from private assets;
    58.3.1.b. income from a party, joint parties and coalition; and
    58.3.1.c. donation income.
    58.3.2. last name (father or mother’s name), first name, place of residence address, and amount and type of his/her donation of a citizen who made a donation;
    58.3.3. title, address, last name (father or mother’s name) and first name of its Executive Director, and amount and type of its donation of a legal entity that made a donation;
    58.3.4. classification and performance of expenses; and
    58.3.5. amount and location of remaining assets.
    Source: Article 58.3, Law on Election, 2015

54. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized spending?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
55. Which institution(s) receives financial reports from political parties and/or candidates?
  • CodeEMB
  • Comment
  • Source

    57.3. A party or coalition is obligated to prepare and deliver its statement on election expenses to the central election authority within 45 days after the polling day ends.
    Source: Article 57.3, Law on Election, 2015

    58.1. A candidate for the election of the State Great Hural or the President is obligated to prepare and deliver his/her statement on election expenses to the central election authority within 30 days after the polling day ends.
    Source: Article 58.1, Law on Election, 2015

56. Which institution(s) is responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations?
  • CodeAuditing agency
  • Comment
  • Source

    Article 60. Statement on election expenses monitoring and its openness and transparency
    60.1. An election authority that received statement on election expenses and other related documents shall deliver them to the following state audit offices:
    60.1.1. as for the central election authority, to the highest audit body of the state;
    60.1.2. as for the election committee of aimag, capital city, soum, district, to the state audit office of aimag, capital city;
    60.2. The central election authority shall make one copy of party, coalition or candidate’s statement on election expenses and deliver it to the state authority in charge of taxation.
    60.3. State audit office shall review and make the statement on election expenses public within 90 days after it receives the statement, and make public a citizen who has donated one million or more tugriks, or a legal entity that has donated two million or more tugriks.
    60.4. State audit office shall exercise the following powers and obligations on statement of election expenses:
    60.4.1. to monitor election donation, financing and its disbursement by parties, coalitions, and candidates individually or in cooperation with other state authorities;
    60.4.2. to obtain information related to statement of election expenses from parties, coalitions and candidates;
    60.4.3. to prepare and compile documents on violations of election financing and its disbursement; and
    60.4.4. to have state or other authorities, officials and citizens prepare a document on election financing.
    60.5. If a party, coalition or candidate fails to deliver its statement on election expenses within the time frame set forth in law, the party, coalition or candidate shall not be registered in the next election.
    60.6. A violation of Article 60.2 hereof committed by an election authority official and that of Article 60.3 hereof committed by a civil servant shall be subject to a fine in tugriks equal to six-fold to eight-fold of the monthly minimum wage.
    Source: Article 60, Law on Election, 2015

57. What power is granted to the institution(s) responsible for examining reports and/or investigating violations?
  • CodeCarry out investigation
  • Comment
  • Source

    Article 60. Statement on election expenses monitoring and its openness and transparency
    60.1. An election authority that received statement on election expenses and other related documents shall deliver them to the following state audit offices:
    60.1.1. as for the central election authority, to the highest audit body of the state;
    60.1.2. as for the election committee of aimag, capital city, soum, district, to the state audit office of aimag, capital city;
    60.2. The central election authority shall make one copy of party, coalition or candidate’s statement on election expenses and deliver it to the state authority in charge of taxation.
    60.3. State audit office shall review and make the statement on election expenses public within 90 days after it receives the statement, and make public a citizen who has donated one million or more tugriks, or a legal entity that has donated two million or more tugriks.
    60.4. State audit office shall exercise the following powers and obligations on statement of election expenses:
    60.4.1. to monitor election donation, financing and its disbursement by parties, coalitions, and candidates individually or in cooperation with other state authorities;
    60.4.2. to obtain information related to statement of election expenses from parties, coalitions and candidates;
    60.4.3. to prepare and compile documents on violations of election financing and its disbursement; and
    60.4.4. to have state or other authorities, officials and citizens prepare a document on election financing.
    60.5. If a party, coalition or candidate fails to deliver its statement on election expenses within the time frame set forth in law, the party, coalition or candidate shall not be registered in the next election.
    60.6. A violation of Article 60.2 hereof committed by an election authority official and that of Article 60.3 hereof committed by a civil servant shall be subject to a fine in tugriks equal to six-fold to eight-fold of the monthly minimum wage.
    Source: Article 60, Law on Election, 2015

58. What sanctions are provided for political finance infractions?
  • CodeFines | Loss of nomination of candidate
  • Comment
  • Source

    70.15. Action of a violation of Article 70.1 hereof shall be subject to the following fines:
    70.15.1. a citizen shall be subject to a fine in tugriks equal to monthly minimum wage;
    70.15.2. a legal entity shall be subject to a fine in tugriks equal to eleven-fold to sixteen-fold of the monthly minimum wage; and
    70.15.3. a media outlet staff shall be subject to a fine in tugriks equal to six-fold to eight-fold of the monthly minimum wage.
    Source: Article 70.15, Law on Election, 2015

    129.1. Registration of candidate shall be refused in the following cases:
    129.1.1. a candidate isn’t nominated within the time frame set forth in law;
    129.1.2. the requirements for a candidate aren’t met;
    129.1.3. a member of one party is nominated by another party;
    129.1.4. a candidate nomination processof party, or a coalition violates this Law;
    129.1.5. If submitted documents do not comply with requirements stipulated in this Law of or false;
    129.1.6. an independent candidate applies illegal means such as misrepresentation, use of force, deceit, threat, enticement with cash or goods, signature by an illegible person/entity, and signature forgery to collect supporting voters’ signatures, or collects signatures with a form other than that approved;
    129.1.7. a candidate is nominated in more than one constituency;
    129.1.8. a candidate conducted activities prohibited by this Law since January 1 of the election year until the candidate registration; and
    129.1.9. the platform if an independent candidate does not meet the requirements set forth in this Law.
    Source: Article 129.1, Law on Election, 2015

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