Mongolia

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Question Value
1. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source
2. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment.
  • Source
3. Is there a ban on corporate donations to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • CommentLimit for donations from legal entities?is 20 million tugriks [I$ 37,000] per year (maximum 10 million twice).
  • Source
4. Is there a ban on corporate donations to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment.
  • Source
5. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment.
  • Source
6. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment.
  • Source
7. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source
8. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentFinancial reports must list the name of donors.
  • Source
9. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to political parties?
10. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to candidates?
11. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to political parties?
12. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to candidates?
13. Is there a ban on the use of state resources in favour or against a political party or candidate?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentCivil servants must remain neutral. State property cannot be used in campaigns.
  • Source
14. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period?
  • CodeYes, for both natural and legal persons
  • Comment
  • Source

     

    Art 18.3, "The maximum amount of donation for legal entity is ten million, for person is one million tugrug for one time and donator is allowed to give donation to one organization of the party for no more than two times a year. It is forbidden to seek for personal interest, position and to oppress due to donation. " (Source: Law on Political Parties, 2005)

15. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period, what is the limit?
  • Code Annual limit is 2 million [I$ 3,700] (individuals); 20 million [I$ 37,000] (legal entities).
  • CommentTechnically, the limit is 10 million [I$ 19,000] and 1 million [I $ 1,900] respectively per donations, with a maximum of two donations per donor and year.
  • Source
16. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election?
17. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election, what is the limit?
  • Code 1 million Togrog [I$ 1,870] for individuals, 3 million [I$ 5,600] for corporations
  • CommentLimit is the same for donations to campaigns by political parties and Great Hural candidates.
  • Source
18. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate?
19. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate, what is the limit?
  • Code 1 million Togrog [I$ 1,870] for individuals, 3 million [I$ 5,600] for corporations
  • CommentLimit is the same for donations to campaigns by political parties and Great Hural candidates.
  • Source
20. Is there a limit on the amount a candidate can contribute to their own election campaign?
21. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to political parties?
22. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to candidates?
23. Is there a ban on political parties engaging in commercial activities?
24. Is there a ban on political parties taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
25. Is there a ban on candidates taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
26. Is there a ban on donors to political parties/candidates participating in public tender/procurement processes?
27. Are there provisions requiring donations to go through the banking system?

Question Value
28. Are there provisions for direct public funding to political parties?
  • CodeYes, regularly
  • Comment.
  • Source
29. What are the eligibility criteria for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeRepresentation in elected body
  • CommentFunding is only available to political parties with Parliamentary representation.
  • Source
30. What is the allocation calculation for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeProportional to votes received
  • CommentAllocation proportional by votes in preceding election
  • Source
31. What are the provisions on 'ear marking' direct public funding to political parties (how it should be used)?
  • Code Half the ongoing support should go to'parliamentary election unit areas'
  • Comment
  • Source
32. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentOn radio and television.
  • Source
33. What criteria determine allocation for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeEqual
  • Comment.
  • Source
34. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentTo independent candidates only.
  • Source
35. Are there provisions for any other form of indirect public funding?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentPremises should be made available for meetings with voters.
  • Source
36. Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties tied to gender equality among candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment.
  • Source
37. Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

Question Value
38. Is there a ban on vote buying?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment.
  • Source
39. Are there limits on the amount a political party can spend?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment.
  • Source
40. If there are limits on the amount a political party can spend, what is the limit?
  • Code Limit is calculated based on number of mandates and population of each district.
  • CommentIn the 2008 parliamentary elections the General Elections?Committee?allowed expenditure from between?approximately $226,000 [I$ 226,000] to
    $870,000 US [I$ 870,000]?
  • Source
41. Are there limits on the amount a candidate can spend?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment.
  • Source
42. If there are limits on the amount a candidate can spend, what is the limit?
  • Code Limit is based on number of mandates and the district's population.
  • Comment
    In the 2008 Parliamentary election the General Election Committe allowed expenditure from?approximately US$ 435,000?[I$ 435,000] for the largest districts to approximately US$ 115,000 [I$ 115,000] for the smallest districts.?
  • Source
43. Are there limits on the amount that third parties can spend on election campaign activities?
44. Are there limits on traditional media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
45. Are there limits on online media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
46. Do any other restrictions on online media advertisement (beyond limits) exist?

Question Value
47. Do political parties have to report regularly on their finances?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentAnnually
  • Source
48. Do political parties have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentParties should submit reports no later than 15 days after election day.
  • Source
49. Do candidates have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentCoalition candidates should submit report not later than 15 days after election day, independent no later than one month.
  • Source
50. Do third parties have to report on election campaign finances?
51. Is information in reports from political parties and/or candidates to be made public?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentPost-election reports should be made public withing 45 days after election day.
  • Source
52. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates reveal the identity of donors?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentNot clear if non-campaign reports from political parties should include names of candidates. Names of donors should be reported in campaign reports, though only the names of those donating more than 500,000 tugriks [I$930] is published by the EMB.
  • Source
53. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized income?
54. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized spending?
55. Which institution(s) receives financial reports from political parties and/or candidates?
  • CodeEMB | Other
  • CommentElection campaign reports to EMB. Ongoing party reports to unspecified government institution.
  • Source
56. Which institution(s) is responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations?
  • CodeEMB | Auditing agency
  • CommentThe EMB can request the State Audit Office to review reports.
  • Source
57. What power is granted to the institution(s) responsible for examining reports and/or investigating violations?
58. What sanctions are provided for political finance infractions?
  • CodeFines | Forfeiture | Loss of elected office | Other
  • CommentFines can be applied for a series of violations. If a voter notifies the EMB that (s)he has been given money from an election committee (and the case is proven), (s)he will receive a 'bonus' of 10 times the value, and this amount is taken from the offender. Distribution of money can also lead to removal from office. Civil servants who participate in campaigning can be dismissed. Receiving illegal donations can lead to the nomination of a candidate being revoked.
  • Source

Disclaimer: Maps presented do not imply on the part of the Institute any judgement on the legal status of any territory or the endorsement of such boundaries, nor does the placement or size of any country or territory reflect the political view of International IDEA. Maps are used in order to add visual clarity to data.