Mongolia

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Question Value
1. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    18.7.4. international organization, foreign citizens, legal entity, people with no citizenship; 

  • Source

    Article 18, Law on Political Parties, 2005

2. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Article 56, Law on Parliamentary Elections, 2019  

3. Is there a ban on corporate donations to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

    Article 18, Law on Political parties, 2005

4. Is there a ban on corporate donations to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

    Article 53, The Law on Parliamentary elections, 2019

5. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Artice 56, The Law on Parliamentary Elections, 2019

6. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Artice 56, The Law on Parliamentary Elections, 2019

7. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Article 18, Law on Political Parties, 2005

8. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Article 54, The Law on Parliamentary Elections, 2019

9. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

    Uribe Burcher and Casal Bertoa (2018), Political Finance in Mongolia, International IDEA and Open Society Forum

10. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

    Uribe Burcher and Casal Bértoa (2018), Political Finance in Mongolia, International IDEA and Open Society Forum

11. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Article 18, Law on Political Parties, 2005

12. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Artice 56, The Law on Parliamentary Elections, 2019

13. Is there a ban on the use of state resources in favour or against a political party or candidate?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Article 48, Law on Parliamentary Elections, 2019

14. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period?
  • CodeYes, for both natural and legal persons
  • Comment
  • Source

    Article 18, Law on Political Parties, 2005

15. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period, what is the limit?
  • CodeLegal entities - 10 million MNT | Natural Person - 1 million MNT
  • Comment
  • Source

    Article 18, Law on Political Parties, 2005

16. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election?
  • CodeYes, for both natural and legal persons
  • Comment
  • Source

    Article 54, Law on Parliamentary Elections, 2019

17. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election, what is the limit?
  • CodeLegal Entities - 20 Million MNT | Natural Person - 5 Million MNT
  • Comment
  • Source

    Article 54, Law on Parliamentary Elections, 2019

18. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate?
  • CodeYes, for both natural and legal persons
  • Comment
  • Source

    Article 54, Law on Parliamentary Elections, 2019

19. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate, what is the limit?
  • CodeLegal entities - 20 million MNT | Natural Persons - 5 million MNT
  • Comment
  • Source

    Article 54, Law on Parliamentary Elections, 2019

20. Is there a limit on the amount a candidate can contribute to their own election campaign?
  • CodeSpecific limit for candidates
  • Comment
  • Source

    Article 50, Law on Parliamentary Elections, 2019

    Mongolian National Audit Office (2016) Decree #359

21. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Article 55, Law on Parliamentary Elections, 2019

22. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Article 55, Law on Parliamentary Elections, 2019

23. Is there a ban on political parties engaging in commercial activities?
  • CodeSometimes
  • Comment

    - 16.2.4. souvenirs depicting the symbol of the party, things belong to the party; 

    16.2.5. revenue of publishing, media and commercialization;

     16.2.6. revenue from renting or selling its own properties;

     16.2.7. interest of the its savings in banks. 

    16.3. It is forbidden to earn profit, keep company in other ways than it is stated in article 16 of this law.

  • Source

    Article 16, Law on Political Parties, 2005

24. Is there a ban on political parties taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Article 29, Law on Parliamentary Elections, 2019

25. Is there a ban on candidates taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Article 29, Law on Parliamentary Elections, 2019

26. Is there a ban on donors to political parties/candidates participating in public tender/procurement processes?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

    Uribe Burcher and Casal Bértoa  (2018), Political Finance in Mongolia, International IDEA and Open Society Forum

27. Are there provisions requiring donations to go through the banking system?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Article 54, Law on Parliamentary Elections, 2019

Question Value
28. Are there provisions for direct public funding to political parties?
  • CodeYes, regularly provided funding
  • Comment
  • Source

    Article 19, Law on Political Parties, 2005

29. What are the eligibility criteria for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeShare of votes in previous election | Share of seats in previous election
  • Comment

    19.1. Government shall subsidize the party who has seats in the parliament for one time within three months after the election result is announced. Each vote shall be valued as one thousand tugrug and votes of the party in parliamentary election shall be compared to the total number of votes. 

     

    19.2. Party who has seats in the parliament shall be subsidized quarterly from the state budget during the term of office and for each seat in the parliament shall be subsidized by ten million tugrug. 50 percent of this subsidization shall be spent for the parliamentary election unit areas. 

     

     19.3. The money amount stated in 19.1, 19.2 of this law can be changed depending on the exchange rate.

  • Source

    Article 19, Law on Political Parties, 2005

30. What is the allocation calculation for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeProportional to votes received | Proportional to seats received
  • Comment
  • Source

    Article 19, Law on Political Parties, 2005

31. What are the provisions on 'ear marking' direct public funding to political parties (how it should be used)?
  • CodeCampaign spending | Ongoing party activities | Intra-party institution | Research and policy initiatives
  • Comment

    17.1. Party income shall be spent for the activities of the rule, platform of the party only. 

  • Source

    Article 17, Law on Political Parties, 2005

32. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Article 46, Law on Parliamentary Elections, 2019

33. What criteria determine allocation for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeEqual
  • Comment
  • Source

    Article 46, Law on Parliamentary Elections, 2019

34. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Article 46, Law on Parliamentary Elections, 2019

35. Are there provisions for any other form of indirect public funding?
  • CodeSpace for campaign materials
  • Comment
  • Source

    Article 40,2, Law on Parliamentary Elections, 2019

36. Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties tied to gender equality among candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
37. Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

Question Value
38. Is there a ban on vote buying?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Article 48, Law on Parliamentary elections, 2019

39. Are there limits on the amount a political party can spend?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Article 50, Law on Parliamentary Elections, 2019

40. If there are limits on the amount a political party can spend, what is the limit?
  • Code 41.2. State central audit office shall set the maximum amount of election expenses by 1 March .
  • Comment
  • Source

    Article 50, Law on Parliamentary Elections, 2019

41. Are there limits on the amount a candidate can spend?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    It depends on location, territory, voters' and household numbers. 

  • Source

    Article 50, Parliamentary Elections, 2019

42. If there are limits on the amount a candidate can spend, what is the limit?
  • Code Determined by State central audit office
  • Comment
  • Source

    Article 50, Law on Parliamentary Elections, 2019

43. Are there limits on the amount that third parties can spend on election campaign activities?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
44. Are there limits on traditional media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeYes, for political parties | Yes, for candidates
  • Comment

    41.1.1 Three printer's sheets of newspaper

    41.1.2 Three printer's sheets of magazine

    41.1.3 One printer's sheets of leaflet 

     

  • Source

    Article 41 and 46, Law on Parliamentary Elections, 2019

45. Are there limits on online media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

    Article 47, Law on Parliamentary elections, 2019

46. Do any other restrictions on online media advertisement (beyond limits) exist?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Candidates and Political parties will have only one account. There should not be any comments on their posts. 

    Fake accounts and unregistered websites, using other people's names are prohibited. 

  • Source

    Article 47, Law on parliamentary elections,  2019

Question Value
47. Do political parties have to report regularly on their finances?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Political parties should report their audited statements annually. 

  • Source

    Article 20, Law on Political parties, 2005

48. Do political parties have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Article 57, Law on Parliamentary Elections, 2019

49. Do candidates have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Article 57, Law on Parliamentary Elections, 2019

50. Do third parties have to report on election campaign finances?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
51. Is information in reports from political parties and/or candidates to be made public?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    The State Audit office will report after 60 days when they receive their reports. 

  • Source

    Article 58, Law on parliamentary elections, 2019

52. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates reveal the identity of donors?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Article 54, Law on Parliamentary elections, 2019

53. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized income?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Article 57, Law on Parliamentary Elections, 2019

54. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized spending?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Article 57, Law on parliamentary elections, 2019

55. Which institution(s) receives financial reports from political parties and/or candidates?
  • CodeAuditing agency
  • Comment
  • Source

    Article 58, Law on Parliamentary Elections, 2019

56. Which institution(s) is responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations?
  • CodeYes, auditing agency
  • Comment
  • Source

    Article 58, Law on Parliamentary Elections, 2019

57. What power is granted to the institution(s) responsible for examining reports and/or investigating violations?
  • CodeRequest additional information from potential violator | Request additional information from others
  • Comment
  • Source

    Article 58, Law on Parliamentary Elections, 2019

58. What sanctions are provided for political finance infractions?
  • CodeFines
  • Comment
  • Source

    Article 17, Law on Infringement, 2017

Disclaimer: Maps presented do not imply on the part of the Institute any judgement on the legal status of any territory or the endorsement of such boundaries, nor does the placement or size of any country or territory reflect the political view of International IDEA. Maps are used in order to add visual clarity to data.