Myanmar

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Question Value
Legal provisions for mandatory referendums at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for optional referendums at national level
  • No
Legal provisions for citizens' initiatives at national level
  • No
Legal provisions for agenda initiatives at national level
  • No
Legal provisions for recall at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for direct democracy at the regional level
  • No data
Legal provisions for direct democracy at the local level
  • No data
Legal basis for direct democracy at the national level
  • Constitutional
  • Specific laws/legislation
Legal basis for administrative requirements at the national level
  • Specific laws/legislation
Who administers direct democracy mechanisms at the national level?
  • No data
First referendum/initiative held
  • 1973
Has there been a national referendum since 1980?
  • Yes

Question Value
Issues in relation to which referendums are mandatory at the national level
  • Constitutional amendments
Issues in relation to which referendums are optional at the national level
  • None
Issues excluded from being the subject of referendums at the national level
  • None
Issues of sub-national referendums regulated at the national level
  • No data
Who can initiate an optional referendum at the national level?
  • Not applicable
Who drafts the referendum question?
  • Not specified by legislation
Who decides on the final form of the ballot text?
  • Not specified by legislation
Quorum requirements for a referendum to be valid
  • Mandatory referendum - turnout quorum
Requirements for a referendum to pass
  • Not specified by legislation
Are referendum results binding?
  • Mandatory referendum - always

Question Value
Issues that can be proposed by citizens using the initiative process at the national level
    Issues excluded from being the subject of an initiative at the national level
      Who may propose the registration of an initiative?
        Materials to accompany an application for registration
          Who determines the title of an initiative?
            What disqualifies a proposed title of an initiative?
              Who is responsible for checking the legality of initiatives?
                At which stage legality check is conducted?
                  Who decides the final ballot text when the initiative is put to a vote?
                    When does voting take place once an initiative is qualified for ballot?

                      Question Value
                      Which individuals/positions may be subject to the recall?
                      • Members of the national legislature
                      • Members of provincial/local legislature bodies
                      What are the grounds for recall?
                      • Political or policy grounds
                      • Indictment
                      • Conviction
                      • Moral turpitude
                      • See source for more grounds
                      What restrictions are there in relation to the time period in which an individual or position can be recalled?
                      • No data
                      When is the recall put to the vote?
                      • No data
                      When does the election to replace an individual who has been recalled take place?
                      • No data
                      Can an individual who is the subject of a recall stand on the ballot for his/her own replacement?
                      • No

                      Question Value
                      How many signatures are required to start the formal decision making stage of a direct democracy mechanism?
                      • Recall - proportion of the electorate
                      What is the deadline for collecting required number of signatures?
                      • No data
                      Restrictions in relation to the individuals who can sign the proposal
                      • Recall - signatories must be registered electors in a specified electoral district
                      Where can proposals be signed?
                      • No data
                      What information must signatories provide when signing the proposal?
                      • No data
                      Restrictions in relation to signature collection
                      • No data
                      What forms of checks are undertaken to verify signatures?
                      • No data
                      Who checks the signatures?
                      • No data