Macedonia, former Yugoslav Republic (1993-)

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Question Value
Legal provisions for mandatory referendums at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for optional referendums at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for citizens' initiatives at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for agenda initiatives at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for recall at national level
  • No
Legal provisions for direct democracy at the regional level
    Legal provisions for direct democracy at the local level
    • Optional referendum
    Legal basis for direct democracy at the national level
    • Constitutional
    • Specific laws/legislation
    Legal basis for administrative requirements at the national level
    • Specific laws/legislation
    Who administers direct democracy mechanisms at the national level?
    • Independent electoral commission
    First referendum/initiative held
    • 1991
    Has there been a national referendum since 1980?
    • Yes

    Question Value
    Issues in relation to which referendums are mandatory at the national level
    • Adoption of international treaties
    • Transfer of authority to international bodies
    • Changing the border of the Republic
    Issues in relation to which referendums are optional at the national level
    • Any issue of national importance, except those excluded
    Issues excluded from being the subject of referendums at the national level
    • Taxes and public expenditure commitments
    • Amnesty and pardon
    • Issues related to elections, appointments and dismissals
    Issues of sub-national referendums regulated at the national level
    • None
    Who can initiate an optional referendum at the national level?
    • Government
    • Legislative majority
    • Legislative minority
    • Registered electors
    Who drafts the referendum question?
    • Mandatory referendum - Legislature
    • Optional referendum - Legislature
    Who decides on the final form of the ballot text?
    • Mandatory referendum - Legislature
    • Optional referendum - Legislature
    Quorum requirements for a referendum to be valid
    • Mandatory referendum - turnout quorum
    • Optional referendum - turnout quorum
    Requirements for a referendum to pass
    • Mandatory referendum - simple majority
    • Optional referendum - simple majority
    Are referendum results binding?
    • Mandatory referendum - always
    • Optional referendum - sometimes

    Question Value
    Issues that can be proposed by citizens using the initiative process at the national level
    • Citizens' initiatives - constitutional amendments
    • Citizens' initiatives - legislative proposals
    • Citizens' initiatives - other issues
    • Agenda initiatives - constitutional amendments
    • Agenda initiatives - legislative proposals
    • Agenda initiatives - other issues
    Issues excluded from being the subject of an initiative at the national level
    • Taxes and public expenditure commitments
    • Amnesty and pardon
    • Issues related to elections, appointments and dismissals
    Who may propose the registration of an initiative?
      Materials to accompany an application for registration
        Who determines the title of an initiative?
          What disqualifies a proposed title of an initiative?
            Who is responsible for checking the legality of initiatives?
              At which stage legality check is conducted?
                Who decides the final ballot text when the initiative is put to a vote?
                  When does voting take place once an initiative is qualified for ballot?

                    Question Value
                    Which individuals/positions may be subject to the recall?
                      What are the grounds for recall?
                        What restrictions are there in relation to the time period in which an individual or position can be recalled?
                          When is the recall put to the vote?
                            When does the election to replace an individual who has been recalled take place?
                              Can an individual who is the subject of a recall stand on the ballot for his/her own replacement?

                                Question Value
                                How many signatures are required to start the formal decision making stage of a direct democracy mechanism?
                                  What is the deadline for collecting required number of signatures?
                                    Restrictions in relation to the individuals who can sign the proposal
                                      Where can proposals be signed?
                                        What information must signatories provide when signing the proposal?
                                          Restrictions in relation to signature collection
                                            What forms of checks are undertaken to verify signatures?
                                              Who checks the signatures?