Marshall Islands

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Question Value
1. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    All political activities by aliens are banned.

  • Source

    No alien, non-citizen, or expatriate employed by the Government of the Marshall Islands, Local Government, or any other institution, organization, or individual shall take part in, contribute to or involve himself in any manner whatsoever in any political campaign or other political activities that affect, interfere with, or undermine the political rights and privileges of the citizens of the Republic of the Marshall Islands

    Source: Article 502, 43 MIRC Ch 5, Prohibition of Political Activities by Aliens Act 1988

2. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    All political activities by aliens are banned

  • Source

    No alien, non-citizen, or expatriate employed by the Government of the Marshall Islands, Local Government, or any other institution, organization, or individual shall take part in, contribute to or involve himself in any manner whatsoever in any political campaign or other political activities that affect, interfere with, or undermine the political rights and privileges of the citizens of the Republic of the Marshall Islands

    Source: Article 502, 43 MIRC Ch 5, Prohibition of Political Activities by Aliens Act 1988

3. Is there a ban on corporate donations to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Some stakeholders with whom we spoke suggested that RMI should adopt election funding and disclosure laws, including limits on permissible campaign spending, to prevent financial imbalances and improprieties creating unfair advantage for certain candidates. Such laws exist in many jurisdictions and, provided they are able to be adequately enforced, can contribute a valuable safeguard to the equity and integrity of election campaigns. While the potential effectiveness of such provisions in RMI would need to be carefully considered, this may be an issue worthy of consideration in any review of RMI’s electoral laws.

    Source: Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team, Report of the Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team to the Republic of the Marshall Islands’ Nitijela (Parliamentary) Elections, 19 November 2007, Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, Suva, March 2008

4. Is there a ban on corporate donations to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Some stakeholders with whom we spoke suggested that RMI should adopt election funding and disclosure laws, including limits on permissible campaign spending, to prevent financial imbalances and improprieties creating unfair advantage for certain candidates. Such laws exist in many jurisdictions and, provided they are able to be adequately enforced, can contribute a valuable safeguard to the equity and integrity of election campaigns. While the potential effectiveness of such provisions in RMI would need to be carefully considered, this may be an issue worthy of consideration in any review of RMI’s electoral laws.

    Source: Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team, Report of the Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team to the Republic of the Marshall Islands’ Nitijela (Parliamentary) Elections, 19 November 2007, Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, Suva, March 2008

5. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Some stakeholders with whom we spoke suggested that RMI should adopt election funding and disclosure laws, including limits on permissible campaign spending, to prevent financial imbalances and improprieties creating unfair advantage for certain candidates. Such laws exist in many jurisdictions and, provided they are able to be adequately enforced, can contribute a valuable safeguard to the equity and integrity of election campaigns. While the potential effectiveness of such provisions in RMI would need to be carefully considered, this may be an issue worthy of consideration in any review of RMI’s electoral laws.

    Source: Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team, Report of the Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team to the Republic of the Marshall Islands’ Nitijela (Parliamentary) Elections, 19 November 2007, Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, Suva, March 2008

6. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Some stakeholders with whom we spoke suggested that RMI should adopt election funding and disclosure laws, including limits on permissible campaign spending, to prevent financial imbalances and improprieties creating unfair advantage for certain candidates. Such laws exist in many jurisdictions and, provided they are able to be adequately enforced, can contribute a valuable safeguard to the equity and integrity of election campaigns. While the potential effectiveness of such provisions in RMI would need to be carefully considered, this may be an issue worthy of consideration in any review of RMI’s electoral laws.

    Source: Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team, Report of the Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team to the Republic of the Marshall Islands’ Nitijela (Parliamentary) Elections, 19 November 2007, Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, Suva, March 2008

7. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Some stakeholders with whom we spoke suggested that RMI should adopt election funding and disclosure laws, including limits on permissible campaign spending, to prevent financial imbalances and improprieties creating unfair advantage for certain candidates. Such laws exist in many jurisdictions and, provided they are able to be adequately enforced, can contribute a valuable safeguard to the equity and integrity of election campaigns. While the potential effectiveness of such provisions in RMI would need to be carefully considered, this may be an issue worthy of consideration in any review of RMI’s electoral laws.

    Source: Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team, Report of the Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team to the Republic of the Marshall Islands’ Nitijela (Parliamentary) Elections, 19 November 2007, Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, Suva, March 2008

8. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Some stakeholders with whom we spoke suggested that RMI should adopt election funding and disclosure laws, including limits on permissible campaign spending, to prevent financial imbalances and improprieties creating unfair advantage for certain candidates. Such laws exist in many jurisdictions and, provided they are able to be adequately enforced, can contribute a valuable safeguard to the equity and integrity of election campaigns. While the potential effectiveness of such provisions in RMI would need to be carefully considered, this may be an issue worthy of consideration in any review of RMI’s electoral laws.

    Source: Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team, Report of the Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team to the Republic of the Marshall Islands’ Nitijela (Parliamentary) Elections, 19 November 2007, Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, Suva, March 2008

9. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Some stakeholders with whom we spoke suggested that RMI should adopt election funding and disclosure laws, including limits on permissible campaign spending, to prevent financial imbalances and improprieties creating unfair advantage for certain candidates. Such laws exist in many jurisdictions and, provided they are able to be adequately enforced, can contribute a valuable safeguard to the equity and integrity of election campaigns. While the potential effectiveness of such provisions in RMI would need to be carefully considered, this may be an issue worthy of consideration in any review of RMI’s electoral laws.

    Source: Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team, Report of the Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team to the Republic of the Marshall Islands’ Nitijela (Parliamentary) Elections, 19 November 2007, Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, Suva, March 2008

10. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Some stakeholders with whom we spoke suggested that RMI should adopt election funding and disclosure laws, including limits on permissible campaign spending, to prevent financial imbalances and improprieties creating unfair advantage for certain candidates. Such laws exist in many jurisdictions and, provided they are able to be adequately enforced, can contribute a valuable safeguard to the equity and integrity of election campaigns. While the potential effectiveness of such provisions in RMI would need to be carefully considered, this may be an issue worthy of consideration in any review of RMI’s electoral laws.

    Source: Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team, Report of the Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team to the Republic of the Marshall Islands’ Nitijela (Parliamentary) Elections, 19 November 2007, Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, Suva, March 2008

11. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Some stakeholders with whom we spoke suggested that RMI should adopt election funding and disclosure laws, including limits on permissible campaign spending, to prevent financial imbalances and improprieties creating unfair advantage for certain candidates. Such laws exist in many jurisdictions and, provided they are able to be adequately enforced, can contribute a valuable safeguard to the equity and integrity of election campaigns. While the potential effectiveness of such provisions in RMI would need to be carefully considered, this may be an issue worthy of consideration in any review of RMI’s electoral laws.

    Source: Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team, Report of the Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team to the Republic of the Marshall Islands’ Nitijela (Parliamentary) Elections, 19 November 2007, Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, Suva, March 2008

12. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Some stakeholders with whom we spoke suggested that RMI should adopt election funding and disclosure laws, including limits on permissible campaign spending, to prevent financial imbalances and improprieties creating unfair advantage for certain candidates. Such laws exist in many jurisdictions and, provided they are able to be adequately enforced, can contribute a valuable safeguard to the equity and integrity of election campaigns. While the potential effectiveness of such provisions in RMI would need to be carefully considered, this may be an issue worthy of consideration in any review of RMI’s electoral laws.

    Source: Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team, Report of the Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team to the Republic of the Marshall Islands’ Nitijela (Parliamentary) Elections, 19 November 2007, Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, Suva, March 2008

13. Is there a ban on the use of state resources in favour or against a political party or candidate?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Election law reuqires that all candidates be given equal opportunity to use governmental facilities in an electorate, if these are made available to any candidate.

    Code of ethics for government employees and public officials requires that government property shall not be used for any purpoase other than that authorised.

  • Source

    If public or governmental facilities in an electorate are made available to any candidate or to the supporters of either side in a referendum, equal opportunity shall be given to all candidates in the electorate, or to the supporters of the other side in the referendum as the case may be

    Source: Article 195, 2 MIRC Ch 1, Elections and Referenda Act 1980

    (9) Public officials and Government employees shall protect and conserve government property and shall not use it for other than authorized government activities;

    Source: Article 1704, 3 MIRC Ch 17, Ethics in Government Act 1993

14. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Some stakeholders with whom we spoke suggested that RMI should adopt election funding and disclosure laws, including limits on permissible campaign spending, to prevent financial imbalances and improprieties creating unfair advantage for certain candidates. Such laws exist in many jurisdictions and, provided they are able to be adequately enforced, can contribute a valuable safeguard to the equity and integrity of election campaigns. While the potential effectiveness of such provisions in RMI would need to be carefully considered, this may be an issue worthy of consideration in any review of RMI’s electoral laws.

    Source: Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team, Report of the Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team to the Republic of the Marshall Islands’ Nitijela (Parliamentary) Elections, 19 November 2007, Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, Suva, March 2008

15. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Some stakeholders with whom we spoke suggested that RMI should adopt election funding and disclosure laws, including limits on permissible campaign spending, to prevent financial imbalances and improprieties creating unfair advantage for certain candidates. Such laws exist in many jurisdictions and, provided they are able to be adequately enforced, can contribute a valuable safeguard to the equity and integrity of election campaigns. While the potential effectiveness of such provisions in RMI would need to be carefully considered, this may be an issue worthy of consideration in any review of RMI’s electoral laws.

    Source: Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team, Report of the Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team to the Republic of the Marshall Islands’ Nitijela (Parliamentary) Elections, 19 November 2007, Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, Suva, March 2008

16. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
17. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Some stakeholders with whom we spoke suggested that RMI should adopt election funding and disclosure laws, including limits on permissible campaign spending, to prevent financial imbalances and improprieties creating unfair advantage for certain candidates. Such laws exist in many jurisdictions and, provided they are able to be adequately enforced, can contribute a valuable safeguard to the equity and integrity of election campaigns. While the potential effectiveness of such provisions in RMI would need to be carefully considered, this may be an issue worthy of consideration in any review of RMI’s electoral laws.

    Source: Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team, Report of the Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team to the Republic of the Marshall Islands’ Nitijela (Parliamentary) Elections, 19 November 2007, Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, Suva, March 2008

18. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Some stakeholders with whom we spoke suggested that RMI should adopt election funding and disclosure laws, including limits on permissible campaign spending, to prevent financial imbalances and improprieties creating unfair advantage for certain candidates. Such laws exist in many jurisdictions and, provided they are able to be adequately enforced, can contribute a valuable safeguard to the equity and integrity of election campaigns. While the potential effectiveness of such provisions in RMI would need to be carefully considered, this may be an issue worthy of consideration in any review of RMI’s electoral laws.

    Source: Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team, Report of the Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team to the Republic of the Marshall Islands’ Nitijela (Parliamentary) Elections, 19 November 2007, Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, Suva, March 2008

19. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Some stakeholders with whom we spoke suggested that RMI should adopt election funding and disclosure laws, including limits on permissible campaign spending, to prevent financial imbalances and improprieties creating unfair advantage for certain candidates. Such laws exist in many jurisdictions and, provided they are able to be adequately enforced, can contribute a valuable safeguard to the equity and integrity of election campaigns. While the potential effectiveness of such provisions in RMI would need to be carefully considered, this may be an issue worthy of consideration in any review of RMI’s electoral laws.

    Source: Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team, Report of the Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team to the Republic of the Marshall Islands’ Nitijela (Parliamentary) Elections, 19 November 2007, Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, Suva, March 2008

20. Is there a limit on the amount a candidate can contribute to their own election campaign?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Some stakeholders with whom we spoke suggested that RMI should adopt election funding and disclosure laws, including limits on permissible campaign spending, to prevent financial imbalances and improprieties creating unfair advantage for certain candidates. Such laws exist in many jurisdictions and, provided they are able to be adequately enforced, can contribute a valuable safeguard to the equity and integrity of election campaigns. While the potential effectiveness of such provisions in RMI would need to be carefully considered, this may be an issue worthy of consideration in any review of RMI’s electoral laws.

    Source: Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team, Report of the Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team to the Republic of the Marshall Islands’ Nitijela (Parliamentary) Elections, 19 November 2007, Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, Suva, March 2008

21. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    on permissible campaign spending, to prevent financial imbalances and improprieties creating unfair advantage for certain candidates. Such laws exist in many jurisdictions and, provided they are able to be adequately enforced, can contribute a valuable safeguard to the equity and integrity of election campaigns. While the potential effectiveness of such provisions in RMI would need to be carefully considered, this may be an issue worthy of consideration in any review of RMI’s electoral laws.

    Source: Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team, Report of the Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team to the Republic of the Marshall Islands’ Nitijela (Parliamentary) Elections, 19 November 2007, Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, Suva, March 2008

22. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    on permissible campaign spending, to prevent financial imbalances and improprieties creating unfair advantage for certain candidates. Such laws exist in many jurisdictions and, provided they are able to be adequately enforced, can contribute a valuable safeguard to the equity and integrity of election campaigns. While the potential effectiveness of such provisions in RMI would need to be carefully considered, this may be an issue worthy of consideration in any review of RMI’s electoral laws.

    Source: Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team, Report of the Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team to the Republic of the Marshall Islands’ Nitijela (Parliamentary) Elections, 19 November 2007, Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, Suva, March 2008

23. Is there a ban on political parties engaging in commercial activities?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Some stakeholders with whom we spoke suggested that RMI should adopt election funding and disclosure laws, including limits on permissible campaign spending, to prevent financial imbalances and improprieties creating unfair advantage for certain candidates. Such laws exist in many jurisdictions and, provided they are able to be adequately enforced, can contribute a valuable safeguard to the equity and integrity of election campaigns. While the potential effectiveness of such provisions in RMI would need to be carefully considered, this may be an issue worthy of consideration in any review of RMI’s electoral laws.

    Source: Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team, Report of the Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team to the Republic of the Marshall Islands’ Nitijela (Parliamentary) Elections, 19 November 2007, Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, Suva, March 2008

24. Is there a ban on political parties taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Some stakeholders with whom we spoke suggested that RMI should adopt election funding and disclosure laws, including limits on permissible campaign spending, to prevent financial imbalances and improprieties creating unfair advantage for certain candidates. Such laws exist in many jurisdictions and, provided they are able to be adequately enforced, can contribute a valuable safeguard to the equity and integrity of election campaigns. While the potential effectiveness of such provisions in RMI would need to be carefully considered, this may be an issue worthy of consideration in any review of RMI’s electoral laws.

    Source: Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team, Report of the Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team to the Republic of the Marshall Islands’ Nitijela (Parliamentary) Elections, 19 November 2007, Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, Suva, March 2008

25. Is there a ban on candidates taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Some stakeholders with whom we spoke suggested that RMI should adopt election funding and disclosure laws, including limits on permissible campaign spending, to prevent financial imbalances and improprieties creating unfair advantage for certain candidates. Such laws exist in many jurisdictions and, provided they are able to be adequately enforced, can contribute a valuable safeguard to the equity and integrity of election campaigns. While the potential effectiveness of such provisions in RMI would need to be carefully considered, this may be an issue worthy of consideration in any review of RMI’s electoral laws.

    Source: Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team, Report of the Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team to the Republic of the Marshall Islands’ Nitijela (Parliamentary) Elections, 19 November 2007, Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, Suva, March 2008

26. Is there a ban on donors to political parties/candidates participating in public tender/procurement processes?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Some stakeholders with whom we spoke suggested that RMI should adopt election funding and disclosure laws, including limits on permissible campaign spending, to prevent financial imbalances and improprieties creating unfair advantage for certain candidates. Such laws exist in many jurisdictions and, provided they are able to be adequately enforced, can contribute a valuable safeguard to the equity and integrity of election campaigns. While the potential effectiveness of such provisions in RMI would need to be carefully considered, this may be an issue worthy of consideration in any review of RMI’s electoral laws.

    Source: Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team, Report of the Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team to the Republic of the Marshall Islands’ Nitijela (Parliamentary) Elections, 19 November 2007, Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, Suva, March 2008

27. Are there provisions requiring donations to go through the banking system?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Some stakeholders with whom we spoke suggested that RMI should adopt election funding and disclosure laws, including limits on permissible campaign spending, to prevent financial imbalances and improprieties creating unfair advantage for certain candidates. Such laws exist in many jurisdictions and, provided they are able to be adequately enforced, can contribute a valuable safeguard to the equity and integrity of election campaigns. While the potential effectiveness of such provisions in RMI would need to be carefully considered, this may be an issue worthy of consideration in any review of RMI’s electoral laws.

    Source: Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team, Report of the Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team to the Republic of the Marshall Islands’ Nitijela (Parliamentary) Elections, 19 November 2007, Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, Suva, March 2008

Question Value
28. Are there provisions for direct public funding to political parties?
  • CodeNo public funding available
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Some stakeholders with whom we spoke suggested that RMI should adopt election funding and disclosure laws, including limits on permissible campaign spending, to prevent financial imbalances and improprieties creating unfair advantage for certain candidates. Such laws exist in many jurisdictions and, provided they are able to be adequately enforced, can contribute a valuable safeguard to the equity and integrity of election campaigns. While the potential effectiveness of such provisions in RMI would need to be carefully considered, this may be an issue worthy of consideration in any review of RMI’s electoral laws.

    Source: Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team, Report of the Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team to the Republic of the Marshall Islands’ Nitijela (Parliamentary) Elections, 19 November 2007, Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, Suva, March 2008

29. What are the eligibility criteria for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Some stakeholders with whom we spoke suggested that RMI should adopt election funding and disclosure laws, including limits on permissible campaign spending, to prevent financial imbalances and improprieties creating unfair advantage for certain candidates. Such laws exist in many jurisdictions and, provided they are able to be adequately enforced, can contribute a valuable safeguard to the equity and integrity of election campaigns. While the potential effectiveness of such provisions in RMI would need to be carefully considered, this may be an issue worthy of consideration in any review of RMI’s electoral laws.

    Source: Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team, Report of the Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team to the Republic of the Marshall Islands’ Nitijela (Parliamentary) Elections, 19 November 2007, Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, Suva, March 2008

30. What is the allocation calculation for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Some stakeholders with whom we spoke suggested that RMI should adopt election funding and disclosure laws, including limits on permissible campaign spending, to prevent financial imbalances and improprieties creating unfair advantage for certain candidates. Such laws exist in many jurisdictions and, provided they are able to be adequately enforced, can contribute a valuable safeguard to the equity and integrity of election campaigns. While the potential effectiveness of such provisions in RMI would need to be carefully considered, this may be an issue worthy of consideration in any review of RMI’s electoral laws.

    Source: Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team, Report of the Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team to the Republic of the Marshall Islands’ Nitijela (Parliamentary) Elections, 19 November 2007, Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, Suva, March 2008

31. What are the provisions on 'ear marking' direct public funding to political parties (how it should be used)?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Some stakeholders with whom we spoke suggested that RMI should adopt election funding and disclosure laws, including limits on permissible campaign spending, to prevent financial imbalances and improprieties creating unfair advantage for certain candidates. Such laws exist in many jurisdictions and, provided they are able to be adequately enforced, can contribute a valuable safeguard to the equity and integrity of election campaigns. While the potential effectiveness of such provisions in RMI would need to be carefully considered, this may be an issue worthy of consideration in any review of RMI’s electoral laws.

    Source: Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team, Report of the Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team to the Republic of the Marshall Islands’ Nitijela (Parliamentary) Elections, 19 November 2007, Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, Suva, March 2008

32. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    Free access is provided to candidates. not political parties

  • Source

    Any rules, regulations, or directives governing the use of government-owned and operated broadcasting facilities notwithstanding, any candidate for an elective office of the Republic shall have free access to the use of government-owned and operated broadcasting facilities in the Republic. Any program submitted for broadcasting by a candidate shall be broadcast as submitted without any preview or censorship or follow-up commentary by the Government of the Marshall Islands. Programs submitted by a candidate may relate to any issue of public interest. Upon conclusion of any program by a candidate, an announcement disclaiming any government responsibility for the views expressed shall be made

    Source: Article 202, 40 MIRC Ch 2, Political Broadcast Access Act 1966 as amended to 1993

33. What criteria determine allocation for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeEqual
  • Comment

    Opportunoty  for equal and free access to government broadcasting faciualities is  provided to candidates, not politcal parties

  • Source

    If public or governmental facilities in an electorate are made available to any candidate or to the supporters of either side in a referendum, equal opportunity shall be given to all candidates in the electorate, or to the supporters of the other side in the referendum as the case may be

    Source: Article 195, 2 MIRC Ch 1, Elections and Referenda Act 1980

     

    Any rules, regulations, or directives governing the use of government-owned and operated broadcasting facilities notwithstanding, any candidate for an elective office of the Republic shall have free access to the use of government-owned and operated broadcasting facilities in the Republic. Any program submitted for broadcasting by a candidate shall be broadcast as submitted without any preview or censorship or follow-up commentary by the Government of the Marshall Islands. Programs submitted by a candidate may relate to any issue of public interest. Upon conclusion of any program by a candidate, an announcement disclaiming any government responsibility for the views expressed shall be made

    Source: Article 202, 40 MIRC Ch 2, Political Broadcast Access Act 1966 as amended to 1993

     

     

34. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Candidates have the opportunity of free and equal access to government broadcasting media

  • Source

    If public or governmental facilities in an electorate are made available to any candidate or to the supporters of either side in a referendum, equal opportunity shall be given to all candidates in the electorate, or to the supporters of the other side in the referendum as the case may be

    Source: Article 195, 2 MIRC Ch 1, Elections and Referenda Act 1980

    Any rules, regulations, or directives governing the use of government-owned and operated broadcasting facilities notwithstanding, any candidate for an elective office of the Republic shall have free access to the use of government-owned and operated broadcasting facilities in the Republic. Any program submitted for broadcasting by a candidate shall be broadcast as submitted without any preview or censorship or follow-up commentary by the Government of the Marshall Islands. Programs submitted by a candidate may relate to any issue of public interest. Upon conclusion of any program by a candidate, an announcement disclaiming any government responsibility for the views expressed shall be made

    Source: Article 202, 40 MIRC Ch 2, Political Broadcast Access Act 1966 as amended to 1993

     

35. Are there provisions for any other form of indirect public funding?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source
36. Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties tied to gender equality among candidates?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Some stakeholders with whom we spoke suggested that RMI should adopt election funding and disclosure laws, including limits on permissible campaign spending, to prevent financial imbalances and improprieties creating unfair advantage for certain candidates. Such laws exist in many jurisdictions and, provided they are able to be adequately enforced, can contribute a valuable safeguard to the equity and integrity of election campaigns. While the potential effectiveness of such provisions in RMI would need to be carefully considered, this may be an issue worthy of consideration in any review of RMI’s electoral laws.

    Source: Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team, Report of the Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team to the Republic of the Marshall Islands’ Nitijela (Parliamentary) Elections, 19 November 2007, Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, Suva, March 2008

37. Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Some stakeholders with whom we spoke suggested that RMI should adopt election funding and disclosure laws, including limits on permissible campaign spending, to prevent financial imbalances and improprieties creating unfair advantage for certain candidates. Such laws exist in many jurisdictions and, provided they are able to be adequately enforced, can contribute a valuable safeguard to the equity and integrity of election campaigns. While the potential effectiveness of such provisions in RMI would need to be carefully considered, this may be an issue worthy of consideration in any review of RMI’s electoral laws.

    Source: Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team, Report of the Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team to the Republic of the Marshall Islands’ Nitijela (Parliamentary) Elections, 19 November 2007, Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, Suva, March 2008

Question Value
38. Is there a ban on vote buying?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    (1) For the purpose of the Elections and Referenda Act, 1980, a person or candidate who,directly or indirectly;

    (a) gives, lends or agrees to give, lend or offer any money or promise to procure any money or other valuable consideration to or for the purposes of influencing a voter to vote for, or to refrain from voting for, a certain candidate; or

    (b) accepts or takes any money, offered or promised, in order to influence the outcome of an election, shall be guilty of the offense of “bribery” and upon conviction, shall be liable as follows;

    (i) in the case of a person who has been elected to office, such person shall be disqualified from holding office immediately and his or her election to that office shall be vacated as of the date of conviction, if no appeal against the conviction has been filed. If an appeal has been filed, the election shall be vacated on the date the appeal is denied.

    (ii) in the case of any other person, such persons shall be liable to a fine of not more than five hundred dollars ($500) or a term of imprisonment not exceeding one (1) year or both.

    Source: Article 211, 2 MIRC Ch 2, Elections Offenses Act 1980

39. Are there limits on the amount a political party can spend?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Some stakeholders with whom we spoke suggested that RMI should adopt election funding and disclosure laws, including limits on permissible campaign spending, to prevent financial imbalances and improprieties creating unfair advantage for certain candidates. Such laws exist in many jurisdictions and, provided they are able to be adequately enforced, can contribute a valuable safeguard to the equity and integrity of election campaigns. While the potential effectiveness of such provisions in RMI would need to be carefully considered, this may be an issue worthy of consideration in any review of RMI’s electoral laws.

    Source: Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team, Report of the Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team to the Republic of the Marshall Islands’ Nitijela (Parliamentary) Elections, 19 November 2007, Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, Suva, March 2008

40. If there are limits on the amount a political party can spend, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Some stakeholders with whom we spoke suggested that RMI should adopt election funding and disclosure laws, including limits on permissible campaign spending, to prevent financial imbalances and improprieties creating unfair advantage for certain candidates. Such laws exist in many jurisdictions and, provided they are able to be adequately enforced, can contribute a valuable safeguard to the equity and integrity of election campaigns. While the potential effectiveness of such provisions in RMI would need to be carefully considered, this may be an issue worthy of consideration in any review of RMI’s electoral laws.

    Source: Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team, Report of the Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team to the Republic of the Marshall Islands’ Nitijela (Parliamentary) Elections, 19 November 2007, Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, Suva, March 2008

41. Are there limits on the amount a candidate can spend?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Some stakeholders with whom we spoke suggested that RMI should adopt election funding and disclosure laws, including limits on permissible campaign spending, to prevent financial imbalances and improprieties creating unfair advantage for certain candidates. Such laws exist in many jurisdictions and, provided they are able to be adequately enforced, can contribute a valuable safeguard to the equity and integrity of election campaigns. While the potential effectiveness of such provisions in RMI would need to be carefully considered, this may be an issue worthy of consideration in any review of RMI’s electoral laws.

    Source: Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team, Report of the Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team to the Republic of the Marshall Islands’ Nitijela (Parliamentary) Elections, 19 November 2007, Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, Suva, March 2008

42. If there are limits on the amount a candidate can spend, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Some stakeholders with whom we spoke suggested that RMI should adopt election funding and disclosure laws, including limits on permissible campaign spending, to prevent financial imbalances and improprieties creating unfair advantage for certain candidates. Such laws exist in many jurisdictions and, provided they are able to be adequately enforced, can contribute a valuable safeguard to the equity and integrity of election campaigns. While the potential effectiveness of such provisions in RMI would need to be carefully considered, this may be an issue worthy of consideration in any review of RMI’s electoral laws.

    Source: Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team, Report of the Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team to the Republic of the Marshall Islands’ Nitijela (Parliamentary) Elections, 19 November 2007, Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, Suva, March 2008

43. Are there limits on the amount that third parties can spend on election campaign activities?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK
     

  • Source

    Some stakeholders with whom we spoke suggested that RMI should adopt election funding and disclosure laws, including limits on permissible campaign spending, to prevent financial imbalances and improprieties creating unfair advantage for certain candidates. Such laws exist in many jurisdictions and, provided they are able to be adequately enforced, can contribute a valuable safeguard to the equity and integrity of election campaigns. While the potential effectiveness of such provisions in RMI would need to be carefully considered, this may be an issue worthy of consideration in any review of RMI’s electoral laws.

    Source: Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team, Report of the Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team to the Republic of the Marshall Islands’ Nitijela (Parliamentary) Elections, 19 November 2007, Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, Suva, March 2008

44. Are there limits on traditional media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Some stakeholders with whom we spoke suggested that RMI should adopt election funding and disclosure laws, including limits on permissible campaign spending, to prevent financial imbalances and improprieties creating unfair advantage for certain candidates. Such laws exist in many jurisdictions and, provided they are able to be adequately enforced, can contribute a valuable safeguard to the equity and integrity of election campaigns. While the potential effectiveness of such provisions in RMI would need to be carefully considered, this may be an issue worthy of consideration in any review of RMI’s electoral laws.

    Source: Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team, Report of the Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team to the Republic of the Marshall Islands’ Nitijela (Parliamentary) Elections, 19 November 2007, Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, Suva, March 2008

45. Are there limits on online media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Some stakeholders with whom we spoke suggested that RMI should adopt election funding and disclosure laws, including limits on permissible campaign spending, to prevent financial imbalances and improprieties creating unfair advantage for certain candidates. Such laws exist in many jurisdictions and, provided they are able to be adequately enforced, can contribute a valuable safeguard to the equity and integrity of election campaigns. While the potential effectiveness of such provisions in RMI would need to be carefully considered, this may be an issue worthy of consideration in any review of RMI’s electoral laws.

    Source: Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team, Report of the Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team to the Republic of the Marshall Islands’ Nitijela (Parliamentary) Elections, 19 November 2007, Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, Suva, March 2008

46. Do any other restrictions on online media advertisement (beyond limits) exist?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Some stakeholders with whom we spoke suggested that RMI should adopt election funding and disclosure laws, including limits on permissible campaign spending, to prevent financial imbalances and improprieties creating unfair advantage for certain candidates. Such laws exist in many jurisdictions and, provided they are able to be adequately enforced, can contribute a valuable safeguard to the equity and integrity of election campaigns. While the potential effectiveness of such provisions in RMI would need to be carefully considered, this may be an issue worthy of consideration in any review of RMI’s electoral laws.

    Source: Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team, Report of the Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team to the Republic of the Marshall Islands’ Nitijela (Parliamentary) Elections, 19 November 2007, Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, Suva, March 2008

Question Value
47. Do political parties have to report regularly on their finances?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Some stakeholders with whom we spoke suggested that RMI should adopt election funding and disclosure laws, including limits on permissible campaign spending, to prevent financial imbalances and improprieties creating unfair advantage for certain candidates. Such laws exist in many jurisdictions and, provided they are able to be adequately enforced, can contribute a valuable safeguard to the equity and integrity of election campaigns. While the potential effectiveness of such provisions in RMI would need to be carefully considered, this may be an issue worthy of consideration in any review of RMI’s electoral laws.

    Source: Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team, Report of the Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team to the Republic of the Marshall Islands’ Nitijela (Parliamentary) Elections, 19 November 2007, Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, Suva, March 2008

48. Do political parties have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Some stakeholders with whom we spoke suggested that RMI should adopt election funding and disclosure laws, including limits on permissible campaign spending, to prevent financial imbalances and improprieties creating unfair advantage for certain candidates. Such laws exist in many jurisdictions and, provided they are able to be adequately enforced, can contribute a valuable safeguard to the equity and integrity of election campaigns. While the potential effectiveness of such provisions in RMI would need to be carefully considered, this may be an issue worthy of consideration in any review of RMI’s electoral laws.

    Source: Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team, Report of the Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team to the Republic of the Marshall Islands’ Nitijela (Parliamentary) Elections, 19 November 2007, Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, Suva, March 2008

49. Do candidates have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Some stakeholders with whom we spoke suggested that RMI should adopt election funding and disclosure laws, including limits on permissible campaign spending, to prevent financial imbalances and improprieties creating unfair advantage for certain candidates. Such laws exist in many jurisdictions and, provided they are able to be adequately enforced, can contribute a valuable safeguard to the equity and integrity of election campaigns. While the potential effectiveness of such provisions in RMI would need to be carefully considered, this may be an issue worthy of consideration in any review of RMI’s electoral laws.

    Source: Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team, Report of the Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team to the Republic of the Marshall Islands’ Nitijela (Parliamentary) Elections, 19 November 2007, Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, Suva, March 2008

50. Do third parties have to report on election campaign finances?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Some stakeholders with whom we spoke suggested that RMI should adopt election funding and disclosure laws, including limits on permissible campaign spending, to prevent financial imbalances and improprieties creating unfair advantage for certain candidates. Such laws exist in many jurisdictions and, provided they are able to be adequately enforced, can contribute a valuable safeguard to the equity and integrity of election campaigns. While the potential effectiveness of such provisions in RMI would need to be carefully considered, this may be an issue worthy of consideration in any review of RMI’s electoral laws.

    Source: Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team, Report of the Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team to the Republic of the Marshall Islands’ Nitijela (Parliamentary) Elections, 19 November 2007, Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, Suva, March 2008

51. Is information in reports from political parties and/or candidates to be made public?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Some stakeholders with whom we spoke suggested that RMI should adopt election funding and disclosure laws, including limits on permissible campaign spending, to prevent financial imbalances and improprieties creating unfair advantage for certain candidates. Such laws exist in many jurisdictions and, provided they are able to be adequately enforced, can contribute a valuable safeguard to the equity and integrity of election campaigns. While the potential effectiveness of such provisions in RMI would need to be carefully considered, this may be an issue worthy of consideration in any review of RMI’s electoral laws.

    Source: Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team, Report of the Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team to the Republic of the Marshall Islands’ Nitijela (Parliamentary) Elections, 19 November 2007, Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, Suva, March 2008

52. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates reveal the identity of donors?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Some stakeholders with whom we spoke suggested that RMI should adopt election funding and disclosure laws, including limits on permissible campaign spending, to prevent financial imbalances and improprieties creating unfair advantage for certain candidates. Such laws exist in many jurisdictions and, provided they are able to be adequately enforced, can contribute a valuable safeguard to the equity and integrity of election campaigns. While the potential effectiveness of such provisions in RMI would need to be carefully considered, this may be an issue worthy of consideration in any review of RMI’s electoral laws.

    Source: Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team, Report of the Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team to the Republic of the Marshall Islands’ Nitijela (Parliamentary) Elections, 19 November 2007, Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, Suva, March 2008

53. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized income?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Some stakeholders with whom we spoke suggested that RMI should adopt election funding and disclosure laws, including limits on permissible campaign spending, to prevent financial imbalances and improprieties creating unfair advantage for certain candidates. Such laws exist in many jurisdictions and, provided they are able to be adequately enforced, can contribute a valuable safeguard to the equity and integrity of election campaigns. While the potential effectiveness of such provisions in RMI would need to be carefully considered, this may be an issue worthy of consideration in any review of RMI’s electoral laws.

    Source: Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team, Report of the Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team to the Republic of the Marshall Islands’ Nitijela (Parliamentary) Elections, 19 November 2007, Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, Suva, March 2008

54. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized spending?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Some stakeholders with whom we spoke suggested that RMI should adopt election funding and disclosure laws, including limits on permissible campaign spending, to prevent financial imbalances and improprieties creating unfair advantage for certain candidates. Such laws exist in many jurisdictions and, provided they are able to be adequately enforced, can contribute a valuable safeguard to the equity and integrity of election campaigns. While the potential effectiveness of such provisions in RMI would need to be carefully considered, this may be an issue worthy of consideration in any review of RMI’s electoral laws.

    Source: Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team, Report of the Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team to the Republic of the Marshall Islands’ Nitijela (Parliamentary) Elections, 19 November 2007, Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, Suva, March 2008

55. Which institution(s) receives financial reports from political parties and/or candidates?
  • CodeNo Institution specified
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Some stakeholders with whom we spoke suggested that RMI should adopt election funding and disclosure laws, including limits on permissible campaign spending, to prevent financial imbalances and improprieties creating unfair advantage for certain candidates. Such laws exist in many jurisdictions and, provided they are able to be adequately enforced, can contribute a valuable safeguard to the equity and integrity of election campaigns. While the potential effectiveness of such provisions in RMI would need to be carefully considered, this may be an issue worthy of consideration in any review of RMI’s electoral laws.

    Source: Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team, Report of the Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team to the Republic of the Marshall Islands’ Nitijela (Parliamentary) Elections, 19 November 2007, Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, Suva, March 2008

56. Which institution(s) is responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations?
  • CodeNo institution specified
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Some stakeholders with whom we spoke suggested that RMI should adopt election funding and disclosure laws, including limits on permissible campaign spending, to prevent financial imbalances and improprieties creating unfair advantage for certain candidates. Such laws exist in many jurisdictions and, provided they are able to be adequately enforced, can contribute a valuable safeguard to the equity and integrity of election campaigns. While the potential effectiveness of such provisions in RMI would need to be carefully considered, this may be an issue worthy of consideration in any review of RMI’s electoral laws.

    Source: Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team, Report of the Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team to the Republic of the Marshall Islands’ Nitijela (Parliamentary) Elections, 19 November 2007, Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, Suva, March 2008

57. What power is granted to the institution(s) responsible for examining reports and/or investigating violations?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

    Some stakeholders with whom we spoke suggested that RMI should adopt election funding and disclosure laws, including limits on permissible campaign spending, to prevent financial imbalances and improprieties creating unfair advantage for certain candidates. Such laws exist in many jurisdictions and, provided they are able to be adequately enforced, can contribute a valuable safeguard to the equity and integrity of election campaigns. While the potential effectiveness of such provisions in RMI would need to be carefully considered, this may be an issue worthy of consideration in any review of RMI’s electoral laws.

    Source: Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team, Report of the Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Team to the Republic of the Marshall Islands’ Nitijela (Parliamentary) Elections, 19 November 2007, Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, Suva, March 2008

58. What sanctions are provided for political finance infractions?
  • CodeFines | Prison | Loss of elected office | Other
  • Comment

    The sanctions concern only (a) the crime of vote buying. If the offence is proven, a person elected to office is disqualified from holding that office, and any other person against whom the offence is proven may be sentenced to a prison term or fine and (b) political activity by aliens or non citizens,  for which the penalty is deportation

  • Source

    1) For the purpose of the Elections and Referenda Act, 1980, a person or candidate who,directly or indirectly;

    (a) gives, lends or agrees to give, lend or offer any money or promise to procure any money or other valuable consideration to or for the purposes of influencing a voter to vote for, or to refrain from voting for, a certain candidate; or

    (b) accepts or takes any money, offered or promised, in order to influence the outcome of an election, shall be guilty of the offense of “bribery” and upon conviction, shall be liable as follows;

    (i) in the case of a person who has been elected to office, such person shall be disqualified from holding office immediately and his or her election to that office shall be vacated as of the date of conviction, if no appeal against the conviction has been filed. If an appeal has been filed, the election shall be vacated on the date the appeal is denied.

    (ii) in the case of any other person, such persons shall be liable to a fine of not more than five hundred dollars ($500) or a term of imprisonment not exceeding one (1) year or both.

    Source: Article 211, 2 MIRC Ch 2, Elections Offenses Act 1980

     

    1. Any alien, non-citizen, or expatriate who is found to have contravened or violated, or who contravenes or acts in violation of any of the provisions of this Chapter shall be liable to deportation from the Marshall Islands upon order by the Cabinet.

    Source: Article 503, 43 MIRC Ch 5, Prohibition of Political Activities by Aliens Act 1988

Disclaimer: Maps presented do not imply on the part of the Institute any judgement on the legal status of any territory or the endorsement of such boundaries, nor does the placement or size of any country or territory reflect the political view of International IDEA. Maps are used in order to add visual clarity to data.