Montenegro

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Question Value
1. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source
2. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment.
  • Source
3. Is there a ban on corporate donations to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
4. Is there a ban on corporate donations to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment.
  • Source
5. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source
6. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment.
  • Source
7. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source
8. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment.
  • Source
9. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to political parties?
10. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to candidates?
11. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to political parties?
12. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to candidates?
13. Is there a ban on the use of state resources in favour or against a political party or candidate?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Public facilities and vehicles must not be used in election campaigns. Public servants may not engage in campaigning during office hours. A number of provisions also exist against public spending during election periods that may benefit the government party/parties.

  • Source
14. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period?
  • CodeYes, for both natural and legal persons
  • Comment

    Limit for donations to regular operations of a political party from a natural person is EUR 2,000, [I$ 3,700] from legal person EUR 10,000 [I$ 18,000] per annum.

  • Source

     

    Financing from Private Resources Article 9 The amount of funds from private resources, except from membership fees funds, collected by a political party in a single calendar year for its regular operations, may not exceed 100% of the funds accrued by the budget funds.A political party not entitled to budget funds may collect funds from private resources up to 5% of all funds from Article 8 Paragraph 1 of this Law, except for membership fees funds. For financing regular operations of a political party natural person may pay up to 2.000 euros and legal person up to 10.000 euros per annum.Private Resources Funds Article 16 Amount of funds from private resources that nominator of electoral list collected for financing election campaign shall not exceed twentyfold amount of funds accrued pursuant to Article 11 Paragraph 2 of this Law. For financing election campaign natural person may not pay amount exceeding 2.000 euros and legal person 10.000 euros per annum. (Source: Law on Financing of Political Parties)

15. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period, what is the limit?
  • Code Annual limit is EUR 2,000 [I$ 3,700] (natural person); EUR 10,000 euro [I$ 18,000] (legal person)
  • CommentFor financing regular operations of a political party natural person may pay up to EUR 2,000 [I$ 3,700] and legal person up to EUR 10,000 [I$ 18,000] per annum.
  • Source
16. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election?
17. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election, what is the limit?
  • Code Limit for natural persons is EUR 2,000 [I$ 3,700]; for legal persons EUR 10,000 [I$ 18,000]
  • CommentLimit is expressed as per year, but specifically relates to funds '[f]or financing election campaign[s]'.
  • Source
18. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
19. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
  • Source
20. Is there a limit on the amount a candidate can contribute to their own election campaign?
21. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to political parties?
22. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to candidates?
23. Is there a ban on political parties engaging in commercial activities?
24. Is there a ban on political parties taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
25. Is there a ban on candidates taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
26. Is there a ban on donors to political parties/candidates participating in public tender/procurement processes?
27. Are there provisions requiring donations to go through the banking system?

Question Value
28. Are there provisions for direct public funding to political parties?
  • CodeYes, both regularly and in relation to campaigns
  • CommentThe law provides regular funding to parliamentary political parties, and explicitly provides that this funding can be used for both regular and campaign activities.
  • Source
29. What are the eligibility criteria for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeRepresentation in elected body | Participation in election
  • Comment
    Ongoing funding is only available to political parties with representation in the Assembly or municipal assembly. Part of the campaign funding is provided to political parties that present at least one candidate, the rest to those that win seats in the election (assuming that they submit a financial report).
  • Source
30. What is the allocation calculation for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeEqual | Proportional to seats received
  • CommentOngoing support; 20% equal to parties that have won seats, 80% proportionate to overall share of seats in the Assembly or municipality assembly.Campaign support; 20% equal to electoral list nominators, 80% in proportion to seats won.
  • Source
31. What are the provisions on 'ear marking' direct public funding to political parties (how it should be used)?
  • CodeCampaign spending | Ongoing party activities | Party offices
  • CommentRegular funding may be used for the regular activities of parties or its MPs, or for election campaigns. Additional funding is provided for party offices.
  • Source
32. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Free media access is provided for submitters of electoral lists during Councellors and Representatives elections, but not during the election campaign of the President, Mayors and Presidents of municipalities.

  • Source
33. What criteria determine allocation for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeEqual
  • Comment
  • Source
34. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    Only to political parties

  • Source
35. Are there provisions for any other form of indirect public funding?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentState and local administration bodies shall make their premises, equipment, means and other facilities available for campaigning. Partial tax excemption.
  • Source
36. Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties tied to gender equality among candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment.
  • Source
37. Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment.
  • Source

Question Value
38. Is there a ban on vote buying?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentAt least in Majoral elections.
  • Source
39. Are there limits on the amount a political party can spend?
  • CodeNo
  • CommentThere is a limit on the total amount that a political party is allowed to raise from private funds, but no direct limit on spending.
  • Source
40. If there are limits on the amount a political party can spend, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
  • Source
41. Are there limits on the amount a candidate can spend?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
42. If there are limits on the amount a candidate can spend, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
  • Source
43. Are there limits on the amount that third parties can spend on election campaign activities?
44. Are there limits on traditional media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
45. Are there limits on online media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
46. Do any other restrictions on online media advertisement (beyond limits) exist?

Question Value
47. Do political parties have to report regularly on their finances?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentAnnual reports to be submitted by 31 March each year for the preceding calendar year
  • Source
48. Do political parties have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentWithin 30 days after the election
  • Source
49. Do candidates have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentPresidential and local council election candidates only
  • Source
50. Do third parties have to report on election campaign finances?
51. Is information in reports from political parties and/or candidates to be made public?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentBoth annual and campaign finance reports should be published on EMB website.
  • Source
52. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates reveal the identity of donors?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentAt least during election periods.
  • Source
53. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized income?
54. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized spending?
55. Which institution(s) receives financial reports from political parties and/or candidates?
  • CodeEMB | Court
  • CommentState Audit Institution, the State Election Commission and The Commercial Court
  • Source
56. Which institution(s) is responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations?
  • CodeEMB | Auditing agency
  • CommentState Election Commission and State Audit Institution
  • Source
57. What power is granted to the institution(s) responsible for examining reports and/or investigating violations?
58. What sanctions are provided for political finance infractions?
  • CodeFines
  • CommentIn case of political finance infractions, fines are to be paid.
  • Source

Disclaimer: Maps presented do not imply on the part of the Institute any judgement on the legal status of any territory or the endorsement of such boundaries, nor does the placement or size of any country or territory reflect the political view of International IDEA. Maps are used in order to add visual clarity to data.