Montenegro

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Question Value
1. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    "Political entities shall be prohibited from receiving material and financial assistance and in-kind contributions from: other states, companies and legal persons outside the territory of Montenegro, natural persons and entrepreneurs who do not have the right to vote in Montenegro (...)"

    Article 33, Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.

2. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    "Political entities shall be prohibited from receiving material and financial assistance and in-kind contributions from: other states, companies and legal persons outside the territory of Montenegro, natural persons and entrepreneurs who do not have the right to vote in Montenegro (...)"

    Article 33, Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.

3. Is there a ban on corporate donations to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    Some restrictions apply.

  • Source
4. Is there a ban on corporate donations to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    Some restrictions apply.

  • Source
5. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    "Political entities shall be prohibited from receiving material and financial assistance and in-kind contributions from: (...), trade unions (...)"

    Article 33, Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019. 

6. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    "Political entities shall be prohibited from receiving material and financial assistance and in-kind contributions from: (...), trade unions (...)"

    Article 33, Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019. 

7. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    "Political entities shall be prohibited from receiving material and financial assistance and in-kind contributions from: (...), anonymous donors (...)"

    Article 33, Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019. 

8. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    "Political entities shall be prohibited from receiving material and financial assistance and in-kind contributions from: (...), anonymous donors (...)"

    Article 33, Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019. 

9. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    "Legal persons, companies and entrepreneurs and related natural and legal persons which, based on a contract with the responsible authorities and in accordance with the law, performed activities of public interest or concluded a contract through the public procurement procedure, in the period of two years preceding the conclusion of the contract, for the duration of the business relationship, as well as two years following the termination of the business relationship, shall not make contributions to political entities."

    Article 33, Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.

10. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    "Legal persons, companies and entrepreneurs and related natural and legal persons which, based on a contract with the responsible authorities and in accordance with the law, performed activities of public interest or concluded a contract through the public procurement procedure, in the period of two years preceding the conclusion of the contract, for the duration of the business relationship, as well as two years following the termination of the business relationship, shall not make contributions to political entities."

    Article 33, Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.

11. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    "Political entities shall be prohibited from receiving material and financial assistance and in-kind contributions from: (...) legal persons and companies with a share of state-owned capital (...)"

    Article 33, Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.

12. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    "Political entities shall be prohibited from receiving material and financial assistance and in-kind contributions from: (...) legal persons and companies with a share of state-owned capital (...)"

    Article 33, Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.

13. Is there a ban on the use of state resources in favour or against a political party or candidate?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Articles 36 to 45, Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.

14. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period?
  • CodeYes, for both natural and legal persons
  • Comment
  • Source

    "For the financing of a political entity, a natural person may pay a maximum of EUR 5,000, while a legal entity may pay a maximum of EUR 20,000 per annum."

    Article 15(4), Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.

15. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period, what is the limit?
  • Code EUR 5,000 for individuals and EUR 20,000 for legal entities
  • Comment
  • Source

    "For the financing of a political entity, a natural person may pay a maximum of EUR 5,000, while a legal entity may pay a maximum of EUR 20,000 per annum."

    Article 15(4), Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.

16. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election?
  • CodeYes, for both natural and legal persons
  • Comment
  • Source

    "For the financing of a political entity, a natural person may pay a maximum of EUR 5,000, while a legal entity may pay a maximum of EUR 20,000 per annum."

    Article 15(4), Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.

17. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election, what is the limit?
  • Code EUR 5,000 for individuals and EUR 20,000 for legal entities
  • Comment
  • Source

    "For the financing of a political entity, a natural person may pay a maximum of EUR 5,000, while a legal entity may pay a maximum of EUR 20,000 per annum."

    Article 15(4), Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.

18. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate?
  • CodeYes, for both natural and legal persons
  • Comment

    Regular limits apply for presidential elections. For parliamentary and local elections, the total amount of private sources of financing cannot exceed 30 times the amount of public funding allocated to a given political entity.

  • Source

    For presidential elections:

    "The total value of the payment and contribution of an individual or entrepreneur for financing the election campaign may not exceed EUR 5,000, while the total value of payment and contribution of a legal entity or company for financing the election campaign may not exceed the amount of EUR 20,000."

    Article 29, Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.

    For parliamentary and local elections: 

    "The amount of financial resources from private sources that a political entity acquires to finance the election campaign costs for the election of MPs and councillors may not exceed thirty times the amount of financial resources belonging to it within the meaning of Article 20 (2) of this Law."

    Article 23(2), Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.

     

19. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate, what is the limit?
  • Code Regular limits apply for presidential elections. For parliamentary and local elections, the total amount of private sources of financing cannot exceed 30 times the amount of public funding allocated to a given political entity.
  • Comment
  • Source

    For presidential elections:

    "The total value of the payment and contribution of an individual or entrepreneur for financing the election campaign may not exceed EUR 5,000, while the total value of payment and contribution of a legal entity or company for financing the election campaign may not exceed the amount of EUR 20,000."

    Article 29, Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.

    For parliamentary and local elections: 

    "The amount of financial resources from private sources that a political entity acquires to finance the election campaign costs for the election of MPs and councillors may not exceed thirty times the amount of financial resources belonging to it within the meaning of Article 20 (2) of this Law."

    Article 23(2), Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.

20. Is there a limit on the amount a candidate can contribute to their own election campaign?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
21. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Regular limits apply.

  • Source
22. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Regular limits apply.

  • Source
23. Is there a ban on political parties engaging in commercial activities?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    "A political party shall be prohibited to acquire share or stocks in the company. A political entity cannot acquire income from a promotional or commercial activity."

    Article 8, Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.

     

24. Is there a ban on political parties taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    "Borrowing from banks and other financial institutions in Montenegro shall be credits, loans and other services provided by banks and other financial institutions, in accordance with the law."

    Article 7(10), Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.

    "Political entities shall not borrow from natural persons."

    Article 33(4), Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.

25. Is there a ban on candidates taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    "Borrowing from banks and other financial institutions in Montenegro shall be credits, loans and other services provided by banks and other financial institutions, in accordance with the law."

    Article 7(10), Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.

    "Political entities shall not borrow from natural persons."

    Article 33(4), Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.

26. Is there a ban on donors to political parties/candidates participating in public tender/procurement processes?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    "Legal persons, companies and entrepreneurs and related natural and legal persons which, based on a contract with the responsible authorities and in accordance with the law, performed activities of public interest or concluded a contract through the public procurement procedure, in the period of two years preceding the conclusion of the contract, for the duration of the business relationship, as well as two years following the termination of the business relationship, shall not make contributions to political entities."

    Article 33, Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.

27. Are there provisions requiring donations to go through the banking system?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    In relation to election campaigns.

  • Source

    For presidential elections:

    "For the purpose of acquiring financial resources to finance the election campaign costs, the candidate shall open a separate giro account with an institution authorised for payment operations, on the following day from the day of his candidacy being registered and/or verification of the candidate list, of which they shall inform the Agency within three days from the day of opening the separate giro account, and that account shall not be used for any other purpose."

    Article 30(1),  Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.

    For parliamentary and local elections:

    "For the purpose of acquiring financial resources to finance the election campaign costs, the political entity shall open a separate giro account with an institution authorised for payment operations, on the following day from the day of verification of the candidate list at the latest, of which it shall inform the Agency within three days from the day of opening the separate giro account, and that account shall not be used for any other purpose."

    Article 24(1), Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.

Question Value
28. Are there provisions for direct public funding to political parties?
  • CodeYes, both regularly and in relation to campaigns
  • Comment
  • Source

    "Budgetary resources may be used to finance the following:

    - Regular operation of political entities;

    - Costs of election campaigns for the election of Members of Parliament and councillors and election of the President of Montenegro."

    Article 9, Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.

29. What are the eligibility criteria for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeRepresentation in elected body | Participation in election
  • Comment
  • Source

    "A political entity which participates in the elections and wins at least one MP, and/or councillor seat shall be entitled to budgetary resources referred to in item 1 of Article 9 (1) of this Law."

    Article 10(1), Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.

30. What is the allocation calculation for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeEqual | Proportional to seats received
  • Comment
  • Source

    "Financial resources referred to in paragraphs 1, 2 and 3 of this Article shall be distributed in equal amounts to political entities having won seats in the Parliament and/or municipal assemblies, and the remaining 60% shall be distributed in proportion to the total number of MP and/or councillor seats they have at the time of distribution, while the remaining 20% shall be distributed in equal amounts to political entities in the Parliament and/or municipal assemblies, in proportion to the number of elected representatives of the underrepresented gender."

    Article 13(4), Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.

31. What are the provisions on 'ear marking' direct public funding to political parties (how it should be used)?
  • CodeOngoing party activities | Intra-party institution | Research and policy initiatives
  • Comment
  • Source

    "Costs of the regular operation of political entities shall be the costs arising from the performance of regular work, which include the following: costs for the wages of the employees and costs for hiring experts and associates; taxes and contributions; administrative and office-related costs, including the costs of renting premises for work, overheads, costs of transportation, costs of organisation of meetings and events, costs of promotion of work and goals of political entities in-between elections, costs of international activities of political entities, costs of organising trainings for the members and activists of political entities, costs of public opinion polls, costs of procurement and maintenance of equipment, bank commissions and similar costs characterising the regular operation of political entities."

    Article 12 Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.

32. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    The public broadcaster must offer free airtime to candidates on an equal basis and organize debates. According to its rules, the public broadcaster will provide each candidate with a 60-minute interview, two daily 180-second reports on campaign activities, and up to 200 seconds of free advertisements.

    Montenegro, Parliamentary Elections, 16 October 2016, OSCE/ODIHR EOM Final Report, Montenegro, Presidential Election, 15 April 2018 ODIHR EOM  Final Report.

33. What criteria determine allocation for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeEqual
  • Comment
  • Source

    The public broadcaster must offer free airtime to candidates on an equal basis and organize debates. According to its rules, the public broadcaster will provide each candidate with a 60-minute interview, two daily 180-second reports on campaign activities, and up to 200 seconds of free advertisements.

    Montenegro, Parliamentary Elections, 16 October 2016, OSCE/ODIHR EOM Final Report, Montenegro, Presidential Election, 15 April 2018 ODIHR EOM  Final Report.

34. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    The public broadcaster must offer free airtime to candidates on an equal basis and organize debates. According to its rules, the public broadcaster will provide each candidate with a 60-minute interview, two daily 180-second reports on campaign activities, and up to 200 seconds of free advertisements.

    Montenegro, Parliamentary Elections, 16 October 2016, OSCE/ODIHR EOM Final Report, Montenegro, Presidential Election, 15 April 2018 ODIHR EOM  Final Report.

35. Are there provisions for any other form of indirect public funding?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    "It shall be prohibited to use the premises of state bodies, state administration bodies, local self-government bodies and local administration bodies, public institutions, state funds and companies founded and/or majorly or partly owned by the state or local self-government unit, for the preparation and implementation of the campaigning activities, unless the same conditions are provided for all participants in the election process."

    Article 36, Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.

    "Income acquired by a political entity from membership fees and contributions shall not be subject to taxation."

    Article 47, Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.

36. Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties tied to gender equality among candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Allocation of a percentage of public funds contingent on the promotion/ respect of gender equality.

  • Source

    "Financial resources referred to in paragraphs 1, 2 and 3 of this Article shall be distributed in equal amounts to political entities having won seats in the Parliament and/or municipal assemblies, and the remaining 60% shall be distributed in proportion to the total number of MP and/or councillor seats they have at the time of distribution, while the remaining 20% shall be distributed in equal amounts to political entities in the Parliament and/or municipal assemblies, in proportion to the number of elected representatives of the underrepresented gender."

    Article 13(4), Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.

37. Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties?
  • CodeYes, funding to women's wings
  • Comment

    Distribution of budgetary resources for regular financing of women's organizations in political parties.

     

  • Source

    Article 14, Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.

Question Value
38. Is there a ban on vote buying?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    "Promising or offering prospect of a political or any other kind of favour in return, privilege or personal benefit to a natural or legal person shall be prohibited, for the purpose of obtaining financial, material or non-monetary support to a political entity."

    Article 34, Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.

    "Political entities, legal and natural persons shall be prohibited from exerting any form of pressure on legal persons, companies and natural persons in the course of raising contributions or any other activity related to the election campaign and financing of political entities."

    Article 35, Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.      

39. Are there limits on the amount a political party can spend?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    For presidential elections:

    "The expenses of the election campaign of a political entity must not exceed the amount of financial resources referred to in Articles 28 and 29 of this Law."

    Article 30 in fine, Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019. 

    For parliamentary and local elections:

    "The Agency shall adopt the decision, within three days from the day of the verification of the candidate list, on the amount of funds that a political entity may spend for financing the election campaign for election of MPs and councillors, as well as for financing the election campaign of candidates for the election of the President of Montenegro."

    Article 18(3), Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.      

40. If there are limits on the amount a political party can spend, what is the limit?
  • Code Presidential candidates may spend up to the amount of the total budget allocation for election campaigns plus the maximum amount established for private donations. The spending limit for parliamentary and local elections is determined by the Agency for Prevention of Corruption (APC).
  • Comment
  • Source

    For presidential elections:

    "The expenses of the election campaign of a political entity must not exceed the amount of financial resources referred to in Articles 28 and 29 of this Law."

    Article 30 in fine, Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019. 

    For parliamentary and local elections:

    "The Agency shall adopt the decision, within three days from the day of the verification of the candidate list, on the amount of funds that a political entity may spend for financing the election campaign for election of MPs and councillors, as well as for financing the election campaign of candidates for the election of the President of Montenegro."

    Article 18(3), Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.      

41. Are there limits on the amount a candidate can spend?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    For presidential elections:

    "The expenses of the election campaign of a political entity must not exceed the amount of financial resources referred to in Articles 28 and 29 of this Law."

    Article 30 in fine, Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019. 

    For parliamentary and local elections:

    "The Agency shall adopt the decision, within three days from the day of the verification of the candidate list, on the amount of funds that a political entity may spend for financing the election campaign for election of MPs and councillors, as well as for financing the election campaign of candidates for the election of the President of Montenegro."

    Article 18(3), Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.     

42. If there are limits on the amount a candidate can spend, what is the limit?
  • Code Presidential candidates may spend up to the amount of the total budget allocation for election campaigns plus the maximum amount established for private donations. The spending limit for parliamentary and local elections is determined by the Agency for Prevention of Corruption (APC).
  • Comment
  • Source

    For presidential elections:

    "The expenses of the election campaign of a political entity must not exceed the amount of financial resources referred to in Articles 28 and 29 of this Law."

    Article 30 in fine, Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019. 

    For parliamentary and local elections:

    "The Agency shall adopt the decision, within three days from the day of the verification of the candidate list, on the amount of funds that a political entity may spend for financing the election campaign for election of MPs and councillors, as well as for financing the election campaign of candidates for the election of the President of Montenegro."

    Article 18(3), Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.     

43. Are there limits on the amount that third parties can spend on election campaign activities?
  • CodeNo data
  • Comment
  • Source
44. Are there limits on traditional media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

    "There are no legal limits on the amount of paid advertising on television, which led to an overwhelming amount of paid airtime on some private media. Due to the 2017 amendments to the Electronic Media Law, political advertising is not counted into the allowed duration of advertising."

    Montenegro, Presidential Election, 15 April 2018 ODIHR EOM  Final Report.

45. Are there limits on online media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
46. Do any other restrictions on online media advertisement (beyond limits) exist?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

Question Value
47. Do political parties have to report regularly on their finances?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    "A political party shall submit the statement of accounts and annual consolidated financial statement to the administrative body in charge of keeping the single register of taxpayers, to the State Audit Institution and the Agency, not later than by 31 March of the current year for the previous year."

    Article 48(2), Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.

48. Do political parties have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Political entities are subject to extensive reporting requirements. They have submit to the Agency for Prevention of Corruption (APC) 15-day donation, interim and final campaign finance reports.

  • Source

    "A political entity shall prepare a report on the origin, the amount and structure of the financial resources from public and private sources acquired and spent on the election campaign, and shall submit it to the Agency, with supporting documentation, within 30 days from the day of holding of the elections."

    Article 50(1), Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.

    "A political entity shall submit to the Agency a report on the contributions of legal and natural persons on a fifteen-day basis, during the election campaign."

    Article 53(1), Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.

    "A political entity shall submit to the Agency an interim report on the election campaign costs five days prior to the election day."

    Article 54(1), Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.

49. Do candidates have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Political entities are subject to extensive reporting requirements. They have submit to the Agency for Prevention of Corruption (APC) 15-day donation, interim and final election finance reports.

  • Source

    "A political entity shall prepare a report on the origin, the amount and structure of the financial resources from public and private sources acquired and spent on the election campaign, and shall submit it to the Agency, with supporting documentation, within 30 days from the day of holding of the elections."

    Article 50(1), Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.

    "A political entity shall submit to the Agency a report on the contributions of legal and natural persons on a fifteen-day basis, during the election campaign."

    Article 53(1), Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.

    "A political entity shall submit to the Agency an interim report on the election campaign costs five days prior to the election day."

    Article 54(1), Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.

50. Do third parties have to report on election campaign finances?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
51. Is information in reports from political parties and/or candidates to be made public?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    All campaign finance reports submitted to the APC are published by the latter on its website within 7 days upon receipt for  the15-day donation and final campaign finance reports and within 24 hours upon receipt for interim reports.

    The annual financial reports are published by the APC on its website within 7 days upon receipt.

  • Source

    "The Agency shall publish on its website the reports referred to in Article 50 of this Law within seven days from the day of receipt."

    Article 51, Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.

    "The Agency shall publish on its website the report referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article within 7 days from the day of receipt."

    Article 53(3), Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.

    "The Agency shall publish on its website the report referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article within 24 hours from the moment of receipt.".

    Article 54(3), Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.

    "The Agency shall publish the documents referred to in paragraphs 2 and 3 of this Article on its website within seven days from the date of receipt."

    Article 48(6), Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.

52. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates reveal the identity of donors?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    "A political entity shall submit to the Agency a report on the contributions of legal and natural persons on a fifteen-day basis, during the election campaign. Template and content of the report referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article shall be prescribed by the Agency. The Agency shall publish on its website the report referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article within 7 days from the day of receipt."

    Article 53, Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.

53. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized income?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    "A political entity shall keep the accounting records of income, property and expenditures by origin (separately for financial resources from public and private sources), the amount and structure of income, property and expenditures, in accordance with the regulation of the Ministry, to be adopted within 60 days from the day of entry into force of this Law."

    Article 48(1), Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.

    "A political entity shall prepare a report on the origin, the amount and structure of the financial resources from public and private sources acquired and spent on the election campaign, and shall submit it to the Agency, with supporting documentation, within 30 days from the day of holding of the elections. (...) The reports referred to in paragraphs 1 and 3 of this Article shall show the total amount of acquired financial resources, separately for budgetary resources and financial resources from private sources."

    Article 50, Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.

54. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized spending?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    "A political entity shall keep the accounting records of income, property and expenditures by origin (separately for financial resources from public and private sources), the amount and structure of income, property and expenditures, in accordance with the regulation of the Ministry, to be adopted within 60 days from the day of entry into force of this Law."

    Article 48(1), Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.

    "A political entity shall prepare a report on the origin, the amount and structure of the financial resources from public and private sources acquired and spent on the election campaign, and shall submit it to the Agency, with supporting documentation, within 30 days from the day of holding of the elections. (...) The reports referred to in paragraphs 1 and 3 of this Article shall show the total amount of acquired financial resources, separately for budgetary resources and financial resources from private sources."

    Article 50, Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.

55. Which institution(s) receives financial reports from political parties and/or candidates?
  • CodeSpecial agency for political finance | Auditing agency
  • Comment

    Special institution: the Agency for Prevention of Corruption (APC)
    Auditing agency: the State Audit Institution

  • Source

    "Control over financing of political entities and election campaigns shall be performed by the Agency for Prevention of Corruption (hereinafter referred to as: the Agency) established in accordance with a special law."

    Article 5(1), Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.

    "A political party shall submit the statement of accounts and annual consolidated financial statement to the administrative body in charge of keeping the single register of taxpayers, to the State Audit Institution and the Agency, not later than by 31 March of the current year for the previous year."

    Article 48(2), Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.

     

56. Which institution(s) is responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations?
  • CodeSpecial agency for political finance
  • Comment

    Yes, institution for this purpose: the Agency for Prevention of Corruption (APC).

  • Source

    "Control over financing of political entities and election campaigns shall be performed by the Agency for Prevention of Corruption (hereinafter referred to as: the Agency) established in accordance with a special law."

    Article 5(1), Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.

57. What power is granted to the institution(s) responsible for examining reports and/or investigating violations?
  • CodeRefer for investigation | Carry out investigation | Request additional information from potential violator | Request additional information from others | Impose sanctions
  • Comment
  • Source

    Articles 56 to 60, Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.

58. What sanctions are provided for political finance infractions?
  • CodeFines | Prison | Forfeiture | Loss of public funding | Suspension of public funding
  • Comment
  • Source

    Articles 60, 64-70, Law on Financing Political Entities and Election Campaigns, 2014 - last amended on December 27, 2019.

    Articles 193b and 193v, Criminal Code - last amended on December 27, 2019.

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