Luxembourg

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Question Value
Legal provisions for mandatory referendums at national level
  • No
Legal provisions for optional referendums at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for citizens' initiatives at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for agenda initiatives at national level
  • No
Legal provisions for recall at national level
  • No
Legal provisions for direct democracy at the regional level
    Legal provisions for direct democracy at the local level
      Legal basis for direct democracy at the national level
        Legal basis for administrative requirements at the national level
          Who administers direct democracy mechanisms at the national level?
            First referendum/initiative held
            • 1919
            Has there been a national referendum since 1980?
            • Yes

            Question Value
            Issues in relation to which referendums are mandatory at the national level
            • None
            Issues in relation to which referendums are optional at the national level
            • Constitutional amendments
            Issues excluded from being the subject of referendums at the national level
            • Not specified by legislation
            Issues of sub-national referendums regulated at the national level
              Who can initiate an optional referendum at the national level?
              • Legislative minority
              • Registered electors
              Who drafts the referendum question?
                Who decides on the final form of the ballot text?
                  Quorum requirements for a referendum to be valid
                    Requirements for a referendum to pass
                    • Optional referendum - simple majority
                    Are referendum results binding?
                    • Optional referendum - always

                    Question Value
                    Issues that can be proposed by citizens using the initiative process at the national level
                    • Citizens' initiatives - constitutional amendments
                    Issues excluded from being the subject of an initiative at the national level
                      Who may propose the registration of an initiative?
                        Materials to accompany an application for registration
                          Who determines the title of an initiative?
                            What disqualifies a proposed title of an initiative?
                              Who is responsible for checking the legality of initiatives?
                                At which stage legality check is conducted?
                                  Who decides the final ballot text when the initiative is put to a vote?
                                    When does voting take place once an initiative is qualified for ballot?

                                      Question Value
                                      Which individuals/positions may be subject to the recall?
                                        What are the grounds for recall?
                                          What restrictions are there in relation to the time period in which an individual or position can be recalled?
                                            When is the recall put to the vote?
                                              When does the election to replace an individual who has been recalled take place?
                                                Can an individual who is the subject of a recall stand on the ballot for his/her own replacement?

                                                  Question Value
                                                  How many signatures are required to start the formal decision making stage of a direct democracy mechanism?
                                                  • Referendum - fixed number
                                                  What is the deadline for collecting required number of signatures?
                                                    Restrictions in relation to the individuals who can sign the proposal
                                                      Where can proposals be signed?
                                                        What information must signatories provide when signing the proposal?
                                                          Restrictions in relation to signature collection
                                                            What forms of checks are undertaken to verify signatures?
                                                              Who checks the signatures?