Liberia

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Question Value
1. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Art.6.1'No contribution shall be made to a political party or candidate from a person who is not a citizen of the Republic of Liberia'  (Source NEC Campaign Finance Regulations, May 2016)

2. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Art.6.1'No contribution shall be made to a political party or candidate from a person who is not a citizen of the Republic of Liberia'  (Source NEC Campaign Finance Regulations, May 2016)

3. Is there a ban on corporate donations to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Art8.1 ' No contribution shall be made or knowingly received from anonymous sources, funds belonging to a corporation, a labour organization, a bank, etc.' (Source NEC campaign Finance regulations, May 2016)

4. Is there a ban on corporate donations to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Art8.1 ' No contribution shall be made or knowingly received from anonymous sources, funds belonging to a corporation, a labour organization, a bank, etc.' (Source NEC campaign Finance regulations, May 2016)

5. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Art8.1 ' No contribution shall be made or knowingly received from anonymous sources, funds belonging to a corporation, a labour organization, a bank, etc.'(Source NEC campaign Finance regulations, May 2016)

6. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Art8.1 ' No contribution shall be made or knowingly received from anonymous sources, funds belonging to a corporation, a labour organization, a bank, etc.'   (Source NEC campaign Finance regulations, May 2016)

7. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Art8.1 ' No contribution shall be made or knowingly received from anonymous sources, funds belonging to a corporation, a labour organization, a bank, etc.'   (Source NEC campaign Finance regulations, May 2016)

8. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Art8.1 ' No contribution shall be made or knowingly received from anonymous sources, funds belonging to a corporation, a labour organization, a bank, etc.'   (Source NEC campaign Finance regulations, May 2016)

9. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Art8.1 ' No contribution shall be made or knowingly received from anonymous sources, funds belonging to a corporation, a labour organization, a bank, etc.'

     (Source NEC campaign Finance regulations, May 2016)

10. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

     Art8.1 ' No contribution shall be made or knowingly received from anonymous sources, funds belonging to a corporation, a labour organization, a bank, etc.'

    (Source NEC campaign Finance regulations, May 2016)

11. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Art8.1 ' No contribution shall be made or knowingly received from anonymous sources, funds belonging to a corporation, a labour organization, a bank, etc.'

     (Source NEC campaign Finance regulations, May 2016)

12. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

     Art8.1 ' No contribution shall be made or knowingly received from anonymous sources, funds belonging to a corporation, a labour organization, a bank, etc.'

    (Source NEC campaign Finance regulations, May 2016)

13. Is there a ban on the use of state resources in favour or against a political party or candidate?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Art 8.3' Political parties and candidates shall not utilize public resourses for campaign activities and shall not receive any contribution resulting from an abuse of state resourses,(...)'

     (Source NEC campaign Finance regulations, May 2016)

14. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period?
  • CodeYes, for legal persons
  • Comment
  • Source

    8.3 ‘No legal person shall contribute more than US$100.000.00 or its equivalent in Liberian dollars in total to a party and its candidates or to independent candidates for use in an election campaign.’ (Source NEC campaign Finance regulations, May 2016)

15. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period, what is the limit?
  • Code US$100,000.00 or its equivalent in Liberian dollars.
  • Comment

    Art 8.3 ‘No legal person shall contribute more than US$100.000.00 or its equivalent in Liberian dollars in total to a party and its candidates or to independent candidates for use in an election campaign.’ (Source NEC campaign Finance regulations, May 2016)

  • Source
16. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election?
  • CodeYes, for legal persons
  • Comment
  • Source

    Art 8.3 ‘No legal person shall contribute more than US$100.000.00 or its equivalent in Liberian dollars in total to a party and its candidates or to independent candidates for use in an election campaign.’ (Source NEC campaign Finance regulations, May 2016)

17. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election, what is the limit?
  • Code US$100,000.00 or its equivalent in Liberian dollars.
  • Comment

    Art 8.3 ‘No legal person shall contribute more than US$100.000.00 or its equivalent in Liberian dollars in total to a party and its candidates or to independent candidates for use in an election campaign.’ (Source NEC campaign Finance regulations, May 2016)

  • Source
18. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate?
  • CodeYes, for legal persons
  • Comment
  • Source

    Art 8.3 ‘No legal person shall contribute more than US$100.000.00 or its equivalent in Liberian dollars in total to a party and its candidates or to independent candidates for use in an election campaign.’ (Source NEC campaign Finance regulations, May 2016)

19. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate, what is the limit?
  • Code US$100,000.00 or its equivalent in Liberian dollars.
  • Comment

    Art 8.3 ‘No legal person shall contribute more than US$100.000.00 or its equivalent in Liberian dollars in total to a party and its candidates or to independent candidates for use in an election campaign.’ (Source NEC campaign Finance regulations, May 2016)

  • Source
20. Is there a limit on the amount a candidate can contribute to their own election campaign?
  • CodeSpecific limit for candidates
  • Comment
  • Source

    Art11.1 'Candidates may make expenses on behalf of their campaigns from their personal funds. Expenses made by candidates from personal funds for Election Campaign shall be included within the applicable expense limits for that candidate as provided for by the law and reported as contributions and expenses to the NEC unfer this Regulation.' (Source NEC campaign Finance regulations, May 2016)

21. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Art 7.1 'Contributions of goods or services given to political parties or candidates shall constitute contributions, calculated at the reasonable market value on the date received.'
    Art 9.3 'Expenses incurred in-kind shall be tallied against these expense limitations.' (Source NEC campaign Finance regulations, May 2016)

22. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Art 7.1 'Contributions of goods or services given to political parties or candidates shall constitute contributions, calculated at the reasonable market value on the date received.'
    Art 9.3 'Expenses incurred in-kind shall be tallied against these expense limitations.'
    (Source NEC campaign Finance regulations, May 2016)

23. Is there a ban on political parties engaging in commercial activities?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
24. Is there a ban on political parties taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

    Art 9.3 Obtaining Financial Assistance or Loans
    Public Officials and Employees of Government may take loans from a person or legal entity
    provided the loan is on commercial terms and include explicit requirements for repayment and a
    reasonable rate of interest as established by law or as set by the Central Bank of Liberia or by
    contract. (Source -AN ACT OF LEGISLATURE PRESCRIBING A NATIONAL CODE OF CONDUCT FOR ALL PUBLIC OFFICIALS AND EMPLOYEES OF THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF LIBERIA)

25. Is there a ban on candidates taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

    9.3 Obtaining Financial Assistance or Loans
    Public Officials and Employees of Government may take loans from a person or legal entity
    provided the loan is on commercial terms and include explicit requirements for repayment and a
    reasonable rate of interest as established by law or as set by the Central Bank of Liberia or by
    contract. (Source- AN ACT OF LEGISLATURE PRESCRIBING A NATIONAL CODE OF CONDUCT FOR ALL PUBLIC OFFICIALS AND EMPLOYEES OF THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF LIBERIA PART)

26. Is there a ban on donors to political parties/candidates participating in public tender/procurement processes?
  • CodeNo data
  • Comment
  • Source
27. Are there provisions requiring donations to go through the banking system?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Art 7.4. 'Account of Political Parties and Requirements for Instruction and Examination
    One month following the effective date of this title, all registered political parties in the country shall furnish the Commission with the names of the Banking Institutions with which they maintain accounts respectively, indicating the dates of the establishment of the banking account; the account number and the names of the party officials upon whose signatures funds are withdrawn from the bank.'

    Source THE 1986 CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF LIBERIA, New Electoral Law

    Art 14.5 'Political parties and candidates shall submit detailed statements from their designated bank accounts.'

     (Source NEC campaign Finance regulations, May 2016)

Question Value
28. Are there provisions for direct public funding to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

    (Source NEC campaign Finance regulations, May 2016)

29. What are the eligibility criteria for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
  • Source
30. What is the allocation calculation for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
  • Source
31. What are the provisions on 'ear marking' direct public funding to political parties (how it should be used)?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
  • Source
32. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

    P8 and 9 , Media 'An absence of provision for free airtime in the state broadcaster, contributes to unequal treatment of political parties and candidates. There are also no provisions in the law regulating paid airtime and space, which could open space for uneven treatment of contenders. The NEC did not promulgate media regulations in respect of airtime, in circumstances where the state broadcaster is considered compelled by economic necessity to charge for all broadcasting activities. Accordingly, airtime assigned to political parties and candidates, disadvantaging contestants with less resources, contributed to an uneven playing field.' Source Preliminary statement of EU EOM Liberia 2017

33. What criteria determine allocation for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
  • Source
34. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

    P8 and 9 , in Media 'An absence of provision for free airtime in the state broadcaster, contributes to unequal treatment of political parties and candidates. There are also no provisions in the law regulating paid airtime and space, which could open space for uneven treatment of contenders. The NEC did not promulgate media regulations in respect of airtime, in circumstances where the state broadcaster is considered compelled by economic necessity to charge for all broadcasting activities. Accordingly, airtime assigned to political parties and candidates, disadvantaging contestants with less resources, contributed to an uneven playing field. Source Preliminary statement of EU EOM Liberia 2017

35. Are there provisions for any other form of indirect public funding?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    But Art 8.3' Political parties and candidates shall not utilize public resources for campaign activities and shall not receive any contribution resulting from an abuse of state resources, except state resources that: a) Are made available to all candidates and political parties for the election;'

     

    In relation to art 7.1 'Contributions of goods or services given to political parties or candidates shall constitute contributions, calculated at the reasonable market value on the date received.'

  • Source

     (Source NEC campaign Finance regulations, May 2016)

36. Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties tied to gender equality among candidates?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
  • Source
37. Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

Question Value
38. Is there a ban on vote buying?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    'CHAPTER 10 on ELECTION OFFENSES- § 10.4. Bribery- 
    (c) After close of campaign, and on the day of an election, anyone who offers money or receives money or valuable consideration for the purpose of influencing the voters to vote or not to vote, for a particular candidate. 
    Any election officer, political party or any candidate or the agent of any candidate or any person who does any of these acts is guilty of an election offense and is punishable by a fine or imprisonment for not more than five (5) years or both. 
    In addition to the forgoing penalty, anyone guilty of bribery as an election offence shall be disqualified from holding any elective public office in the Republic of Liberia or from voting in any elections held under this law for a period of seven years.'
    (Source New Election Law, THE 1986 CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF LIBERIA)

39. Are there limits on the amount a political party can spend?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

     '§ 7.3. Limitation of Election Expenses: Expenses Per Candidate- 
    (1) Elections expenses shall not be incurred or authorized by a candidate and or party beyond the Liberian Dollar equivalent of the following amounts: 
    (a) For President in excess of Two Million United States dollars (US$2,000,000.00). 
    (b) For Vice President in excess of One Million United States dollars (US$1,000,000.00). 
    (c) For a Senator in excess of Six Hundred Thousand United States dollars (US$600,000.00). '
    (Source THE 1986 CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF LIBERIA, New Election Law)

40. If there are limits on the amount a political party can spend, what is the limit?
  • Code Representative candidate; USD 400,000 [I$ 711,000] Senate candidate: USD 600,000 [I$ 1,100,000]Vice President candidate: USD 1,000,000 [I$ 1,800,000]President candidate: USD 2,000,000 [I$ 3,600,000](These limits apply also for the supporting political parties)
  • Comment
  • Source

     Art 7.3.1 [as modified by Section 20 of the 2004 Electoral Reform Law], 'Elections expenses shall not be incurred or authorized by a candidate and or party beyond the Liberian dollar equivalent of the following amounts: (a)    For President in excess of Two Million United States dollars (US$2,000,000.00). (b)    For Vice President in excess of One Million United States dollars (US$1,000,000.00). (c)    For a Senator in excess of Six Hundred Thousand United States dollars (US$600,000.00). (d)    For a Representative in excess of Four Hundred thousand United States dollars (US$400,000.00). (e)    For any other elective public office, in excess of Seventy-Five Thousand United States dollars (US$75,000.00).' (Source: The New Elections Law, 1986) Art 12, 'In the case of an expense made by a political party that simultaneously benefits more than one candidate, the expense shall be allocated among the candidates by dividing the amount of the expense by the number of candidates benefited, and that allocation shall be reported to the Commission by each treasurer and candidate concerned.' (Source: National Elections Commission (2011) Campaign Finance Regulations for Political Parties and Candidates)

    Source THE 1986 CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF LIBERIA-New Elections Law

41. Are there limits on the amount a candidate can spend?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    § 7.3. Limitation of Election Expenses: Expenses Per Candidate-

    (1) Elections expenses shall not be incurred or authorized by a candidate and or party beyond the Liberian Dollar equivalent of the following amounts:

    (a) For President in excess of Two Million United States dollars (US$2,000,000.00).

    (b) For Vice President in excess of One Million United States dollars (US$1,000,000.00).

    (c) For a Senator in excess of Six Hundred Thousand United States dollars (US$600,000.00).'

    Source  Source THE 1986 CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF LIBERIA, New Election Law

42. If there are limits on the amount a candidate can spend, what is the limit?
  • Code Representative candidate; USD 400,000 [I$ 711,000] Senate candidate: USD 600,000 [I$ 1,100,000]Vice President candidate: USD 1,000,000 [I$ 1,800,000]President candidate: USD 2,000,000 [I$ 3,600,000]
  • Comment
  • Source

    Art 7.3.1 [as modified by Section 20 of the 2004 Electoral Reform Law], 'Elections expenses shall not be incurred or authorized by a candidate and or party beyond the Liberian dollar equivalent of the following amounts: (a)    For President in excess of Two Million United States dollars (US$2,000,000.00). (b)    For Vice President in excess of One Million United States dollars (US$1,000,000.00). (c)    For a Senator in excess of Six Hundred Thousand United States dollars (US$600,000.00). (d)    For a Representative in excess of Four Hundred thousand United States dollars (US$400,000.00). (e)    For any other elective public office, in excess of Seventy-Five Thousand United States dollars (US$75,000.00).' (Source THE 1986 CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF LIBERIA, New Elections Law) 

43. Are there limits on the amount that third parties can spend on election campaign activities?
  • CodeNo data
  • Comment
  • Source
44. Are there limits on traditional media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

    P8 and 9 , Media 'An absence of provision for free airtime in the state broadcaster, contributes to unequal treatment of political parties and candidates. There are also no provisions in the law regulating paid airtime and space, which could open space for uneven treatment of contenders. The NEC did not promulgate media regulations in respect of airtime, in circumstances where the state broadcaster is considered compelled by economic necessity to charge for all broadcasting activities. Accordingly, airtime assigned to political parties and candidates, disadvantaging contestants with less resources, contributed to an uneven playing field.

    Source Preliminary statement of EU EOM Liberia 2017

45. Are there limits on online media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

    P8 and 9 , Media 'An absence of provision for free airtime in the state broadcaster, contributes to unequal treatment of political parties and candidates. There are also no provisions in the law regulating paid airtime and space, which could open space for uneven treatment of contenders. The NEC did not promulgate media regulations in respect of airtime, in circumstances where the state broadcaster is considered compelled by economic necessity to charge for all broadcasting activities. Accordingly, airtime assigned to political parties and candidates, disadvantaging contestants with less resources, contributed to an uneven playing field.

    Source Preliminary statement of EU EOM Liberia 2017

46. Do any other restrictions on online media advertisement (beyond limits) exist?
  • CodeNo data
  • Comment
  • Source

Question Value
47. Do political parties have to report regularly on their finances?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Art 13.4 'The book of accounts, the contributor records and the documentary records shall be made available during working hours to the NEC on demand.' Source NEC campaign Finance regulations, May 2016

48. Do political parties have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Art 14. 1 'All candidates shall submit to the Commission an Assets and Liabilities form (Form 2) with their nomination papers, and political parties shall submit Form 2. '

    Art 14.2 'Fifteen (15) days after the announcement of final results of each election, including by-elections, the political party or candidate shall furnish to the Commission a report of assets, liabilities, a financial summary, contributions and expenses by completing Forms 2,3, 4 and 5'

    (Source Campaign Finance Regulations)

49. Do candidates have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Art 14. 1 'All candidates shall submit to the Commission an Assets and Liabilities form (Form 2) with their nomination papers, and political parties shall submit Form 2. '

    Art 14.2 'Fifteen (15) days after the announcement of final results of each election, including by-elections, the political party or candidate shall furnish to the Commission a report of assets, liabilities, a financial summary, contributions and expenses by completing Forms 2,3, 4 and 5'

    (Source Campaign Finance Regulations)

50. Do third parties have to report on election campaign finances?
  • CodeNo data
  • Comment
  • Source
51. Is information in reports from political parties and/or candidates to be made public?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Art 16.2 'The NEC shall make public the itemization of contributions and expenses furnished by each candidate and political party, pursuant to the preceding paragraphs thirty (30) days after the announcement of results for each election.' 

     (Source NEC campaign Finance regulations, May 2016)

52. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates reveal the identity of donors?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Art8.1 ' No contribution shall be made or knowingly received from anonymous sources, funds belonging to a corporation, a labour organization, a bank, etc.'

     (Source NEC campaign Finance regulations, May 2016)

53. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized income?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Art 14.5 'Political parties and candidates shall submit detailed statements from their designated bank accounts.'

     (Source NEC campaign Finance regulations, May 2016)

54. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized spending?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Art 14.2 '(...),the political party or candidate shall furnish to the NEC report of assets, liabilities, a financial summary, contributions and expenses by completeing Forms 2, 3, 4 and 5.'

     (Source NEC campaign Finance regulations, May 2016)

55. Which institution(s) receives financial reports from political parties and/or candidates?
  • CodeEMB
  • Comment
  • Source

    Art 13.4 'The book of accounts, the contributor records and the documentary records shall be made available during normal working hours to the NEC on demand.'

     (Source NEC campaign Finance regulations, May 2016)

    Art 7.9. 'Reports Published by the Commission The reports of expenses and contributions for an election campaign submitted under Section 7.7 shall be published by the Commission.' Source THE 1986 CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF LIBERIA, New Electoral Law

56. Which institution(s) is responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations?
  • CodeYes, EMB
  • Comment
  • Source

    Art 7.7. 'Reports of Contributions and Expenses - Every registered political party that has nominated a candidate and every independent candidate shall report to the Commission the contributions recorded under Section 7.5 and the expenses recorded under section 7.6, in the form prescribed by the Commission.'

    Source THE 1986 CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF LIBERIA, New Electoral Law

    Art 17.1 ' The NEC may establish an Audit Committee which within sixty (60) days of an election may complete a certified audit of the book of accounts of any political party or candidate.'

     (Source NEC campaign Finance regulations, May 2016)

57. What power is granted to the institution(s) responsible for examining reports and/or investigating violations?
  • CodeImpose sanctions | Other
  • Comment
  • Source

    Art 7.10. 'Enforcement of Reporting of Contributions and Expenses
    1) The Commission shall fine all participants (Political Parties, Independent Candidates and Coalitions) who do not submit their final contributions or expenses report as stipulated in the guidelines. This fine shall be at least US$1,000.00 or at most US$5,000.00 or its equivalents to Liberian Dollars.

    2) In the case of a defeated candidate, the candidate shall be barred from participating in subsequent elections until the reports are submitted to the Commission as required by this Chapter.'

     Source THE 1986 CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF LIBERIA, New Electoral Law

58. What sanctions are provided for political finance infractions?
  • CodeFines | Loss of nomination of candidate | Suspension of political party | Other
  • Comment
  • Source

    Electoral law  art 2.9 X '(x) To revoke the Certificate of Accreditation of any political party, alliance or coalition, or to impose a fine of not less than the Liberian dollar equivalent of two thousand Five Hundred United States dollars (US$2,500), nor more than the Liberian dollar equivalent of fifty thousand United States dollars (US$50,000), or both, with respect to election offences committed by a political party, alliance or coalition, or to impose a fine of no more than twenty-five thousand Liberian dollars (LD$25,000.00) with respect to election offences committed by a natural person, according to the gravity of the offences committed.'

    Art10.7. 'Incurring Unauthorized Election Expenses- Any political party or candidate who incurs any election expenses in excess of the limitation set forth in Section 7.4 of the Elections Law, is guilty of an election offense and is punishable by a fine of Five Hundred ($500.00) Dollars or twenty five percent (25%) of the excess amount spent or whichever is greater.'

     Source THE 1986 CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF LIBERIA, New Electoral Law

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