Israel

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Question Value
1. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source
2. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentBan does not apply to foreign individual contributions?for the primaries and which does not exceed 50,000 NIS [I$ 13,000].
  • Source
3. Is there a ban on corporate donations to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source
4. Is there a ban on corporate donations to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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5. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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6. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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7. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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8. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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9. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to political parties?
10. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to candidates?
11. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to political parties?
12. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to candidates?
13. Is there a ban on the use of state resources in favour or against a political party or candidate?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentNational media is required to be fair in its reporting during national elections. The use of funds or property that originates from for example Ministries, state owned companies or institutions is prohibited.
  • Source
14. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period?
  • CodeYes, for natural persons
  • Comment
  • Source

    Section 8, Clause b (page 6): 'A party group or candidates' list shall not, directly or indirectly, receive any contribution that is not from a body corporate as aforesaid in subsection (a) in an amount or amounts exceeding 900 new shekels a year from an individual and his household.' (Source: Political Parties Financing Law 5733-1973, 1973)

    'A party or a candidate list may not receive any donation from a household exceeding 2000 NIS ($480) in an election year and 1000 NIS ($240) for any other year.' (Source: Levush, Ruth (2009) Campaign Finance: Israel. Library of Congress (available at http://www.loc.gov/law/help/campaign-finance/israel.php 2011-08-21))

15. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period, what is the limit?
  • Code Maximum 1,000 new shekels [I$ 270] per year from an individual and his/her household.
  • Comment
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16. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election?
17. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election, what is the limit?
  • Code Maximum 2,000 new shekels [I$ 540] from an individual and his/her household.
  • CommentApplies?to the?year elections to the?Parliament or to local authorities are held.
  • Source
18. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate?
19. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate, what is the limit?
  • Code NIS 405,000 [I$ 109,000] per candidate, plus NIS 2 for every voter above 100,000 voters. For a candidate for Prime Minister or Party Chairman in primaries with up to 50,000 qualified voters the limit is NIS 810,000 [I$ 219,000]. In primaries with over 50,000 eligible voters the limit is NIS 1,620,000 [I$ 437,000]
  • Comment
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20. Is there a limit on the amount a candidate can contribute to their own election campaign?
21. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to political parties?
22. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to candidates?
23. Is there a ban on political parties engaging in commercial activities?
24. Is there a ban on political parties taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
25. Is there a ban on candidates taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
26. Is there a ban on donors to political parties/candidates participating in public tender/procurement processes?
27. Are there provisions requiring donations to go through the banking system?

Question Value
28. Are there provisions for direct public funding to political parties?
  • CodeYes, both regularly and in relation to campaigns
  • Comment
  • Source
29. What are the eligibility criteria for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeRepresentation in elected body
  • CommentFirstly, a party must be represented in the Parliament or be recognized by the Parliament House Committee. Further, to be entitled to campaign support as well as regular assistance a party must within 15 days after the determining day (the 101st day before elections) notify the Speaker of the Parliament of the names of at least two and maximum eight party representatives; submit a declaration that the party will keep a proper account of its income and expenditures; notify the Speaker of the number of its account; as well as notify the Speaker of the name, address and other details of the accountant.
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30. What is the allocation calculation for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeEqual | Flat rate by votes received
  • CommentNew party groups are entitled to one financing unit per seat won in the elections, plus an amount equal to one financing unit. Other party groups receive financing in accordance with seats won in the outgoing Parliament, plus the number of seats won in the incoming Parliament, divided by two and added by an amount equal to one financing unit.
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31. What are the provisions on 'ear marking' direct public funding to political parties (how it should be used)?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
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32. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Parties and candidates' lists are entitled to free TV and radio time, though the TV  program itself must be produced and financed by the parties.

  • Source
33. What criteria determine allocation for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeEqual | Share of seats
  • Comment

    Each party and candidates' list are given 10 minutes on TV and 25 minutes on radio, and parties with Parliamentary representation are given extra minutes for each representative (3 and 6 minutes respectively).

  • Source
34. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    Only to political parties

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35. Are there provisions for any other form of indirect public funding?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentReduced rates for political meetings in public places.
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36. Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties tied to gender equality among candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
37. Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

Question Value
38. Is there a ban on vote buying?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source
39. Are there limits on the amount a political party can spend?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Limits apply to election expenses as well as running expenses.

  • Source
40. If there are limits on the amount a political party can spend, what is the limit?
  • Code Election expenses may not exceed seventy financing units. Limits also vary depending on how many Knesset members a party has on the determining day (101st day before elections). For example, a party group with up to five members in the Parliament may no exceed ten financing units. Limits for party groups with more than ten members are two units for each of the first ten members and one and a half unit for every remaining member.
  • Comment

    A 'financing unit' is an amount designated by the Finance Committe of the Parliament.

  • Source
41. Are there limits on the amount a candidate can spend?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Applies to intra-party campaigns, as candidates may only campaign individually within their party primaries.

  • Source
42. If there are limits on the amount a candidate can spend, what is the limit?
  • Code The limit applies to the candidates party
  • Comment

    Limits are adjusted yearly.

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43. Are there limits on the amount that third parties can spend on election campaign activities?
44. Are there limits on traditional media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
45. Are there limits on online media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
46. Do any other restrictions on online media advertisement (beyond limits) exist?

Question Value
47. Do political parties have to report regularly on their finances?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentAnnually
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48. Do political parties have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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49. Do candidates have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Candidates shall submit details on financial activity during the nine months preceding the primaries.

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50. Do third parties have to report on election campaign finances?
51. Is information in reports from political parties and/or candidates to be made public?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    The public is informed of the volume of income and expenditures of parties through the State Comptroller's report. Details are given in cases where violations have occured.

  • Source
52. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates reveal the identity of donors?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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53. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized income?
54. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized spending?
55. Which institution(s) receives financial reports from political parties and/or candidates?
  • CodeAuditing agency
  • CommentThe State Comptroller receives reports both annually and in relation to elections.
  • Source
56. Which institution(s) is responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations?
  • CodeAuditing agency
  • CommentThe State Comptroller is monitoring the parties year-round.
  • Source
57. What power is granted to the institution(s) responsible for examining reports and/or investigating violations?
58. What sanctions are provided for political finance infractions?
  • CodeFines | Prison | Forfeiture | Loss of public funding
  • Comment
  • Source

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