Bolivia

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Question Value
Legal provisions for mandatory referendums at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for optional referendums at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for citizens' initiatives at national level
  • No
Legal provisions for agenda initiatives at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for recall at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for direct democracy at the regional level
  • Mandatory referendum
  • Optional referendum
  • Agenda initiative
  • Recall
Legal provisions for direct democracy at the local level
  • Mandatory referendum
  • Optional referendum
  • Agenda initiative
  • Recall
Legal basis for direct democracy at the national level
  • Constitutional
  • Specific laws/legislation
Legal basis for administrative requirements at the national level
  • Constitutional
  • Specific laws/legislation
Who administers direct democracy mechanisms at the national level?
  • Independent electoral commission
First referendum/initiative held
  • 1931
Has there been a national referendum since 1980?
  • Yes

Question Value
Issues in relation to which referendums are mandatory at the national level
  • Constitutional amendments
  • Adoption of international treaties
  • Transfer of authority to international bodies
Issues in relation to which referendums are optional at the national level
  • Any issue of national importance, except those excluded
Issues excluded from being the subject of referendums at the national level
  • Devolution
  • Taxes and public expenditure commitments
  • See also source
Issues of sub-national referendums regulated at the national level
  • None
Who can initiate an optional referendum at the national level?
  • President
  • Legislative majority
  • Registered electors
Who drafts the referendum question?
  • Those who initiate the referendums
Who decides on the final form of the ballot text?
  • Mandatory referendum - Independent electoral commission
  • Optional referendum - Independent electoral commission
Quorum requirements for a referendum to be valid
  • Mandatory referendum - turnout quorum
  • Optional referendum - turnout quorum
Requirements for a referendum to pass
  • Mandatory referendum - simple majority
  • Optional referendum - simple majority
Are referendum results binding?
  • Mandatory referendum - always
  • Optional referendum - always

Question Value
Issues that can be proposed by citizens using the initiative process at the national level
  • Not specified by legislation
Issues excluded from being the subject of an initiative at the national level
  • No laws or regulations on the subject matter have been issued by the Legislature.
Who may propose the registration of an initiative?
  • No laws or regulations on the subject matter have been issued by the Legislature.
Materials to accompany an application for registration
  • No laws or regulations on the subject matter have been issued by the Legislature.
Who determines the title of an initiative?
  • No laws or regulations on the subject matter have been issued by the Legislature.
What disqualifies a proposed title of an initiative?
  • No laws or regulations on the subject matter have been issued by the Legislature.
Who is responsible for checking the legality of initiatives?
  • No laws or regulations on the subject matter have been issued by the Legislature.
At which stage legality check is conducted?
  • No laws or regulations on the subject matter have been issued by the Legislature.
Who decides the final ballot text when the initiative is put to a vote?
  • No laws or regulations on the subject matter have been issued by the Legislature.
When does voting take place once an initiative is qualified for ballot?
  • No laws or regulations on the subject matter have been issued by the Legislature.

Question Value
Which individuals/positions may be subject to the recall?
  • Any person pursuing elected office. See quote.
What are the grounds for recall?
  • Not specified by legislation
What restrictions are there in relation to the time period in which an individual or position can be recalled?
  • Not specified by legislation
When is the recall put to the vote?
  • Not specified by legislation
When does the election to replace an individual who has been recalled take place?
  • Not specified by legislation
Can an individual who is the subject of a recall stand on the ballot for his/her own replacement?
  • Not specified by legislation

Question Value
How many signatures are required to start the formal decision making stage of a direct democracy mechanism?
  • Referendum - proportion of the electorate
  • Recall - proportion of the electorate
What is the deadline for collecting required number of signatures?
  • Not specified by legislation
Restrictions in relation to the individuals who can sign the proposal
  • Not specified by legislation
Where can proposals be signed?
  • Anywhere
What information must signatories provide when signing the proposal?
  • Not specified by legislation
Restrictions in relation to signature collection
  • Not specified by legislation
What forms of checks are undertaken to verify signatures?
  • Not specified by legislation
Who checks the signatures?
  • Agency responsible for the administration of direct democracy mechanisms

Disclaimer: Maps presented do not imply on the part of the Institute any judgement on the legal status of any territory or the endorsement of such boundaries, nor does the placement or size of any country or territory reflect the political view of International IDEA. Maps are used in order to add visual clarity to data.