Croatia

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Question Value
1. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source
2. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source
3. Is there a ban on corporate donations to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
4. Is there a ban on corporate donations to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
5. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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6. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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7. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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8. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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9. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to political parties?
10. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to candidates?
11. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to political parties?
12. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to candidates?
13. Is there a ban on the use of state resources in favour or against a political party or candidate?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source
14. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period?
  • CodeYes, for both natural and legal persons
  • Comment
  • Source

     

    Art 11, 'The total amount of donations made by a natural person to a political party, independent deputy, national minority deputy, member of the representative body of a local and regional governmental unit, independent slate or candidate shall not exceed HRK 30,000.00 (thirty thousand Croatian kuna) within a single calendar year.The total amount of donations made by a legal person within a single calendar year shall not exceed (i) HRK 200,000.00 (two hundred thousand Croatian kuna) when such donations are made to a political party or a candidate in elections for the President of the Republic of Croatia; (ii)' (Source: Political Activity and Electoral Campaign Financing Act, 2011)

15. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period, what is the limit?
  • Code Limit is HRK 30,000 [I$ 6,900] per calendar year (natural person); HRK 200,000 [I$ 46,000] (legal person).
  • Comment
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16. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election?
17. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
  • Source
18. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate?
19. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate, what is the limit?
  • Code Limit is HRK 100,000 [I$ 23,000] (National level or European Parliament candidate); HRK 30,000 [I$ 6,900] (local/regional government candidate)
  • Comment
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20. Is there a limit on the amount a candidate can contribute to their own election campaign?
21. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to political parties?
22. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to candidates?
23. Is there a ban on political parties engaging in commercial activities?
24. Is there a ban on political parties taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
25. Is there a ban on candidates taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
26. Is there a ban on donors to political parties/candidates participating in public tender/procurement processes?
27. Are there provisions requiring donations to go through the banking system?

Question Value
28. Are there provisions for direct public funding to political parties?
  • CodeYes, both regularly and in relation to campaigns
  • Comment
  • Source
29. What are the eligibility criteria for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeRepresentation in elected body | Share of votes in next election | Participation in election
  • CommentOngoing funding is only available to political parties with parliamentary representation; Campaign funding also available to other parties if they manage to gain 5% of the vote.
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30. What is the allocation calculation for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeEqual | Proportional to seats received
  • CommentAn equal amount of funds for each Member of the Croatian Parliament shall be determined, and each political party shall be entitled to funds proportionate to the number parliamentary deputies it has at the time of time of the constitution of the Croatian Parliament.
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31. What are the provisions on 'ear marking' direct public funding to political parties (how it should be used)?
  • Code Fulfilling the goals defined in the programme and statute of the political party.
  • CommentFulfilling the goals defined in the programme and statute of the political party.
  • Source
32. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Advertising during election campaigns. 

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33. What criteria determine allocation for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeEqual
  • Comment
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34. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source
35. Are there provisions for any other form of indirect public funding?
  • CodeYes | Discount on marketing in public TV/radio
  • CommentPolitical parties are entitled to tax benefits for activities strictly linked to the political activity of a political party. Discount on marketing in public TV/radio.
  • Source
36. Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties tied to gender equality among candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentFor each elected Member of Parliament representing an underrepresented gender, political parties shall be entitled to a compensation totalling 10 % of the amount envisaged for each Member of Parliament.
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37. Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

Question Value
38. Is there a ban on vote buying?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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39. Are there limits on the amount a political party can spend?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
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40. If there are limits on the amount a political party can spend, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
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41. Are there limits on the amount a candidate can spend?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentLimits were introduced in 2011
  • Source
42. If there are limits on the amount a candidate can spend, what is the limit?
  • Code From HRK 50,000 [I$ 11,000] to 8,000,000 [I$ 1,840,000] depending on type of election
  • Comment
  • Source
43. Are there limits on the amount that third parties can spend on election campaign activities?
44. Are there limits on traditional media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
45. Are there limits on online media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
46. Do any other restrictions on online media advertisement (beyond limits) exist?

Question Value
47. Do political parties have to report regularly on their finances?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentReports on donations shall be published by political parties on their website every six months.
  • Source
48. Do political parties have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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49. Do candidates have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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50. Do third parties have to report on election campaign finances?
51. Is information in reports from political parties and/or candidates to be made public?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentThe submitted documents are public and are publicly displayed on the web-site of a political party.
  • Source
52. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates reveal the identity of donors?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentPolitical parties shall deliver a financial report containing a detailed outline of the sources of funding, information on the natural and legal persons who have made voluntary contributions and information on the purpose of funds.
  • Source
53. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized income?
54. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized spending?
55. Which institution(s) receives financial reports from political parties and/or candidates?
  • CodeMinistry | Auditing agency
  • CommentSupreme Audit Office in the case of regular funding of political parties, and National Election Commission in the case election campaign funding.?
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56. Which institution(s) is responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations?
  • CodeMinistry | Auditing agency
  • CommentState Audit Office and National Elections Commission
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57. What power is granted to the institution(s) responsible for examining reports and/or investigating violations?
58. What sanctions are provided for political finance infractions?
  • CodeFines | Forfeiture | Loss of public funding
  • Comment
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Disclaimer: Maps presented do not imply on the part of the Institute any judgement on the legal status of any territory or the endorsement of such boundaries, nor does the placement or size of any country or territory reflect the political view of International IDEA. Maps are used in order to add visual clarity to data.