Guatemala

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Question Value
1. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Ban does not apply to foreign educative entities and foundations which can make donations for training activities.

  • Source

    Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos, Artículo 21 Ter

2. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Candidates cannot receive any source since all sources must be channeled through political parties only

  • Source

    Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos, Artículo 21 Ter

3. Is there a ban on corporate donations to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

    Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos

4. Is there a ban on corporate donations to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Candidates cannot receive any source since all sources must be channeled through political parties only

  • Source

    Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos, Artículo 21 Ter

5. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

    Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos, Artículo 21 Ter

6. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Candidates cannot receive any source since all sources must be channeled through political parties only

  • Source

    Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos, Artículo 21 Ter

7. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos, Artículo 23

8. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Candidates cannot receive any source since all sources must be channeled through political parties only, besides no anonymous donations must be received at all.

  • Source

    Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos, Artículo 21 Ter, 23

9. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

    Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos, Artículo 21 Ter

10. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

    Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos, Artículo 21 Ter

11. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Reglamento de Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos, Artículo 21

12. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
    Candidates cannot receive any source since all sources must be canalized through political parties only
  • Source

    Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos

13. Is there a ban on the use of state resources in favour or against a political party or candidate?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Some state sources can be used, as municipal installations

  • Source

    Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos, Artículo 20 Bis

14. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period?
  • CodeYes, for both natural and legal persons
  • Comment
  • Source

    Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos, Artículo 21 Ter

15. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period, what is the limit?
  • Code Limit is 10% of the limit imposed on campaign expenses.
  • Comment
  • Source

    Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos, Artículo 21 Ter

16. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election?
  • CodeYes, for both natural and legal persons
  • Comment

    Limit applies regardless if it is election year or not.

  • Source

    Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos, Artículo 21 Ter

17. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election, what is the limit?
  • Code Limit is 10% of the limit imposed on campaign expenses.
  • Comment
  • Source

    Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos, Artículo 21 Ter

18. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate?
  • CodeYes, for both natural and legal persons
  • Comment

    Candidates cannot receive any source since all sources must be channeled through political parties only

  • Source

    Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos, Artículo 21 Ter

19. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate, what is the limit?
  • Code Candidates cannot receive any source since all sources must be channeled through political parties only
  • Comment
  • Source

    Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos, Artículo 21 Ter

20. Is there a limit on the amount a candidate can contribute to their own election campaign?
  • CodeDonation limit for private persons apply
  • Comment
  • Source

    Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos

21. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    In-kind donations are included in donation limit to political parties.

  • Source

    Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos

22. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Candidates cannot receive any source since all sources must be channeled through political parties only.

  • Source

    Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos, Artículo 21 Ter

23. Is there a ban on political parties engaging in commercial activities?
  • CodeSometimes
  • Comment

    Printing, communication, publishing, etc.

  • Source

    Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos

24. Is there a ban on political parties taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    Loans are not addressed in  regulations

  • Source

    Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos

25. Is there a ban on candidates taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    Loans are not addressed in  regulations

  • Source

    Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos

26. Is there a ban on donors to political parties/candidates participating in public tender/procurement processes?
  • CodeNo data
  • Comment
  • Source
27. Are there provisions requiring donations to go through the banking system?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos, Artículo 21 Ter

Question Value
28. Are there provisions for direct public funding to political parties?
  • CodeYes, regularly provided funding
  • Comment
  • Source

    Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos, Artículo 21 Bis

29. What are the eligibility criteria for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeShare of votes in previous election
  • Comment

    At least 5%. 

  • Source

    Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos, Artículo 21 Bis

30. What is the allocation calculation for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeEqual
  • Comment
  • Source

    Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos, Artículo 220

31. What are the provisions on 'ear marking' direct public funding to political parties (how it should be used)?
  • CodeCampaign spending | Ongoing party activities
  • Comment
  • Source

    Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos, Artículo 21 Bis

32. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    State owned media (radio and television) and during electoral campaigns.

  • Source

    Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos, Artículo 220

33. What criteria determine allocation for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeShare of votes in preceding election
  • Comment
  • Source

    Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos, Artículo 21 Bis

34. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    Only to political parties

  • Source

    Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos

35. Are there provisions for any other form of indirect public funding?
  • CodeSpace for campaign materials | Premises for campaign meetings | Free or subsidised postage cost
  • Comment

    Use of municipal halls and other suitable venues is granted upon request. Political parties can use poles located within the public highway and other places commonly used to set up electoral propaganda.

  • Source

    Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos

36. Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties tied to gender equality among candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

    Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos

37. Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

    Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos

Question Value
38. Is there a ban on vote buying?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Prison from 1 to 5 years

  • Source

    Código Penal, Artículo 407 C

39. Are there limits on the amount a political party can spend?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    It is an overall limit for expenses in all campaigns.

  • Source

    Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos, Artículo 21 E Ter

40. If there are limits on the amount a political party can spend, what is the limit?
  • Code USD $.0.50 for each registered citizen (to vote) until Dec 31st of prior year to elections.
  • Comment
  • Source

    Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos, Artículo 21 E Ter

41. Are there limits on the amount a candidate can spend?
  • CodeNo data
  • Comment
  • Source

    Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos

42. If there are limits on the amount a candidate can spend, what is the limit?
  • CodeNo data
  • Comment
  • Source
43. Are there limits on the amount that third parties can spend on election campaign activities?
  • CodeSpending limit exists
  • Comment

    Limit is 10% of the limit imposed on campaign expenses.

  • Source

    Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos, Artículo 21 Ter G

44. Are there limits on traditional media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

    Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos, Artículo 219

45. Are there limits on online media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

    Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos, Artículo 219

46. Do any other restrictions on online media advertisement (beyond limits) exist?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

    Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos, Artículo 219

Question Value
47. Do political parties have to report regularly on their finances?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos, Artículo 22 G, Artículo 12 de Reglamento de la Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos

48. Do political parties have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos, Artículo 21 Quinquies

49. Do candidates have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos, Artículo 21 Quinquies

50. Do third parties have to report on election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos, Artículo 21 Quinquies

51. Is information in reports from political parties and/or candidates to be made public?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos

52. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates reveal the identity of donors?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Reglamento de Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos, Artículo 12

53. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized income?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Reglamento de Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos, Artículo 12

54. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized spending?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Reglamento de Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos, Artículo 12

55. Which institution(s) receives financial reports from political parties and/or candidates?
  • CodeSpecial institution
  • Comment
  • Source

    Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos

56. Which institution(s) is responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations?
  • CodeYes, institution for this purpose
  • Comment
  • Source

    Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos

57. What power is granted to the institution(s) responsible for examining reports and/or investigating violations?
  • CodeCarry out investigation | Request additional information from potential violator | Impose sanctions
  • Comment
  • Source

    Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos

58. What sanctions are provided for political finance infractions?
  • CodeFines | Prison | Deregistration of party | Suspension of political party
  • Comment
  • Source

    Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos, Artículos  90 Bis, 91, 92, 93

Disclaimer: Maps presented do not imply on the part of the Institute any judgement on the legal status of any territory or the endorsement of such boundaries, nor does the placement or size of any country or territory reflect the political view of International IDEA. Maps are used in order to add visual clarity to data.