Finland

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Question Value
1. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentBan does not apply to donations from foreign individuals or  international organisations that shares the ideological stance of the political party.
  • Source
2. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentBan does not apply to international organisations which share the ideological stance of the candidate.
  • Source
3. Is there a ban on corporate donations to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • CommentThere are no bans on corporate donations but a limit of EUR 30,000 exists.
  • Source
4. Is there a ban on corporate donations to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • CommentThere are no bans on corporate donations but a limit of EUR 6,000 exists.
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5. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • CommentBan applies to contributions from one and the same donor if the amount exceeds 30 000 EUR [I$ 32,000] per year (unless its from a party affiliated organisation or donated through testament).
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6. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • CommentContributions must be declared and cannot exceeed certain amounts depending on the type of election.
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7. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentBan does not apply to the case of 'regular collections'.
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8. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentBan does not apply to funds collected through 'regular collections'.
  • Source
9. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to political parties?
10. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to candidates?
11. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to political parties?
12. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to candidates?
13. Is there a ban on the use of state resources in favour or against a political party or candidate?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source
14. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period?
  • CodeYes, for both natural and legal persons
  • Comment

    The limit is on the amount parties can receive from the same donor during a calendar year. 

  • Source

    Art 8.b, 'Ett parti, en partif?rening och en partin?ra sammanslutning f?r inte fr?n en och samma givare ta emot bidrag till ett v?rde som ?verstiger 30 000 euro per kalender?r.' (Source: Partilag, 1969)

15. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period, what is the limit?
  • Code Limit is EUR 30,000 [I$ 32,000] per calendar year
  • CommentThe limit is on the amount parties can receive from the same donor during a calendar year.?
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16. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election?
17. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
  • Source
18. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate?
19. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate, what is the limit?
  • Code Limit is EUR 3,000 [I$ 3,200] (municipal elections); EUR 5,000 [I$ 5,300] (parliamentary); EUR 10,000 [I$ 10,600] (European parliament)
  • Comment
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20. Is there a limit on the amount a candidate can contribute to their own election campaign?
21. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to political parties?
22. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to candidates?
23. Is there a ban on political parties engaging in commercial activities?
24. Is there a ban on political parties taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
25. Is there a ban on candidates taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
26. Is there a ban on donors to political parties/candidates participating in public tender/procurement processes?
27. Are there provisions requiring donations to go through the banking system?

Question Value
28. Are there provisions for direct public funding to political parties?
  • CodeYes, regularly
  • Comment
  • Source
29. What are the eligibility criteria for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeRepresentation in elected body
  • CommentFunding is only available to political parties with parliamentary representation.
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30. What is the allocation calculation for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeProportional to seats received
  • CommentFunding is proportional to seats won in previous election (assuming that a majority of MPs of a political party have not since left the party).
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31. What are the provisions on 'ear marking' direct public funding to political parties (how it should be used)?
  • CodeNo
  • CommentIt is generally stated that the funds should be used for activities in line with the party's statutes.
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32. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
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33. What criteria determine allocation for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
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34. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
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35. Are there provisions for any other form of indirect public funding?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentDonations to parties (and to candidates if total amount donated is less than EUR 3,400 [I$ 3,600] over three years) are tax exempt.
  • Source
36. Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties tied to gender equality among candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
37. Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties?
  • CodeYes, funding to women's wings
  • Comment
  • Source

Question Value
38. Is there a ban on vote buying?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source
39. Are there limits on the amount a political party can spend?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
40. If there are limits on the amount a political party can spend, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
  • Source
41. Are there limits on the amount a candidate can spend?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
42. If there are limits on the amount a candidate can spend, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
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43. Are there limits on the amount that third parties can spend on election campaign activities?
44. Are there limits on traditional media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
45. Are there limits on online media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
46. Do any other restrictions on online media advertisement (beyond limits) exist?

Question Value
47. Do political parties have to report regularly on their finances?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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48. Do political parties have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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49. Do candidates have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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50. Do third parties have to report on election campaign finances?
51. Is information in reports from political parties and/or candidates to be made public?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source
52. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates reveal the identity of donors?
  • CodeSometimes
  • CommentIf donation exceeds EUR 1,500 [I$ 1,600].
  • Source
53. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized income?
54. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized spending?
55. Which institution(s) receives financial reports from political parties and/or candidates?
  • CodeMinistry | Auditing agency
  • CommentMinistry of Justice for political parties regular reports concerning the use of public funding. National Audit office for annual reports and up-to-date disclosures from parties and all reports candidates in relation to elections.
  • Source
56. Which institution(s) is responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations?
  • CodeMinistry | Auditing agency
  • Comment

    Ministry of Justice (for political parties' regular reporting), National Audit Office for campaign reports including from candidates).

  • Source
57. What power is granted to the institution(s) responsible for examining reports and/or investigating violations?
58. What sanctions are provided for political finance infractions?
  • CodeFines | Prison | Loss of public funding
  • Comment
  • Source

Disclaimer: Maps presented do not imply on the part of the Institute any judgement on the legal status of any territory or the endorsement of such boundaries, nor does the placement or size of any country or territory reflect the political view of International IDEA. Maps are used in order to add visual clarity to data.