Ethiopia

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Question Value
Legal provisions for mandatory referendums at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for optional referendums at national level
  • No
Legal provisions for citizens' initiatives at national level
  • No
Legal provisions for agenda initiatives at national level
  • No
Legal provisions for recall at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for direct democracy at the regional level
  • Mandatory referendum
Legal provisions for direct democracy at the local level
  • Mandatory referendum
  • Recall
Legal basis for direct democracy at the national level
  • Constitutional
  • Specific laws/legislation
Legal basis for administrative requirements at the national level
  • Specific laws/legislation
Who administers direct democracy mechanisms at the national level?
  • Independent electoral commission
First referendum/initiative held
    Has there been a national referendum since 1980?
    • Yes

    Question Value
    Issues in relation to which referendums are mandatory at the national level
    • National sovereignty, national self-determination
    • Devolution
    Issues in relation to which referendums are optional at the national level
    • None
    Issues excluded from being the subject of referendums at the national level
    • Not specified by legislation
    Issues of sub-national referendums regulated at the national level
    • Devolution
    Who can initiate an optional referendum at the national level?
    • Not applicable
    Who drafts the referendum question?
    • Mandatory referendum - Independent electoral commission
    Who decides on the final form of the ballot text?
    • Mandatory referendum - Independent electoral commission
    Quorum requirements for a referendum to be valid
    • Not specified by legislation
    Requirements for a referendum to pass
    • Mandatory referendum - simple majority
    Are referendum results binding?
    • Mandatory referendum - always

    Question Value
    Issues that can be proposed by citizens using the initiative process at the national level
      Issues excluded from being the subject of an initiative at the national level
        Who may propose the registration of an initiative?
          Materials to accompany an application for registration
            Who determines the title of an initiative?
              What disqualifies a proposed title of an initiative?
                Who is responsible for checking the legality of initiatives?
                  At which stage legality check is conducted?
                    Who decides the final ballot text when the initiative is put to a vote?
                      When does voting take place once an initiative is qualified for ballot?

                        Question Value
                        Which individuals/positions may be subject to the recall?
                        • Members of the national legislature
                        • Other national level elected executive positions
                        • Members of provincial/local legislature bodies
                        • Provincial/local level elected executive positions
                        What are the grounds for recall?
                        • Loss of confidence
                        What restrictions are there in relation to the time period in which an individual or position can be recalled?
                        • No data
                        When is the recall put to the vote?
                        • Recall is not put to a vote at all
                        When does the election to replace an individual who has been recalled take place?
                        • Separately and subsequently
                        Can an individual who is the subject of a recall stand on the ballot for his/her own replacement?
                        • No data

                        Question Value
                        How many signatures are required to start the formal decision making stage of a direct democracy mechanism?
                        • Recall - fixed number
                        What is the deadline for collecting required number of signatures?
                        • Time table shall be determined by the secretariat
                        Restrictions in relation to the individuals who can sign the proposal
                        • Recall - signatories must be registered
                        • Recall - signatories must be registered electors in a specified electoral district
                        Where can proposals be signed?
                        • At specified places
                        What information must signatories provide when signing the proposal?
                        • Identity or voting card number
                        • Copy of thumbprint
                        Restrictions in relation to signature collection
                        • No data
                        What forms of checks are undertaken to verify signatures?
                        • All signatures are checked
                        Who checks the signatures?
                        • Agency responsible for the administration of direct democracy mechanisms