Global State of Democracy Indices
The Global State of Democracy Indices (GSoD Indices) measure performance across a broad range of indicators of democracy, covering 173 countries from 1975-2022. The GSoD Indices are built on a theoretical framework that organizes specific measures of aspects of democratic performance into four categories: Representation, Rights, Rule of Law, and Participation.
International IDEA launched the Global State of Democracy (GSoD) Initiative in 2016. This Initiative provides evidence-based, balanced analysis and data on the state and quality of democracy for 173 countries across the world.Read more
• Optional referendums at national level
Model of electoral management
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