If e-voting is currently being used, what type(s) of technology used?

Russian Federation

Russian Federation

  • Direct recording electronic (DRE) voting machines with and without voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT)
  • Optical Mark Recognition (OMR) or Optical Character Recognition (OCR)
  • Internet voting systems

Russian Federation, Federal Law on the Basic Guarantees of Electoral Rights and the Right to Participate in a Referendum of Citizens of the Russian Federation (2002, as amended on 04-06-2021) [in Russian], accessed 3 August 2021

Articles 2, 63, and 64.

OSCE, Russian Federation State Duma Elections, 19 September 2021, ODIHR Needs Assessment Mission Report, accessed 8 October 2021

“The 2020 amendments to the Law on Basic Guarantees introduced electronic voting (Internet voting). In the upcoming elections, seven regions will have this opportunity, in which, according to the CEC data, some 15,4 million voters reside. The system was tested in May 2021 by some 1,2 million citizens. Some ODIHR NAM interlocutors raised numerous concerns related to the overall confidence in the electronic voting system and its transparency, as well as the lack of voter verification safeguards and clarity on the possibility to submit related complaints.”

State DUMA website, Как проголосовать на выборах в Государственную Думу, accessed 8 October 2021


Internet voting systems have been used for the first time during 2021 elections. 

Close tooltip