Is e-voting currently used in any elections with EMB participation?



  • Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)
  • Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.)

Bulgaria, Electoral Code (2014, amended by SG. 107/18 Dec 2020), accessed 4 October 2022

Articles 265 and 268

ODIHR, Election Observation Mission, Bulgaria Early Parliamentary Elections, 2 October 2022, INTERIM REPORT, accessed 4 October 2022

“The Election Code has undergone numerous amendments since its adoption, with most recent significant changes introduced in May 2021, including the reduced size of the CEC (from 20 to 15 members), mandatory machine voting for polling stations with at least 300 voters, adjustments to voting, counting and tabulation procedures, and to the establishment of polling stations abroad. In 2022, BSP, GERB and Vazrazhdane proposed a number of amendments, including reverting to mixed system of paper ballot or machine voting, video surveillance during the counting of votes, obligatory counting of the control receipts printed by voting machines, and changes to the composition of election administration. However, parliament did not consider any of the legislative proposals. In its annual report published on 2 June 2022, the CEC underlined numerous inconsistencies within the Election Code and other legislative acts and proposed addressing a number of issues, including unregulated aspects of machine voting, and state subsidies for media services. These elections are held under the same legal framework as the last two early parliamentary elections in 2021.”

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