If e-voting is currently being used, what type(s) of technology used? - Philippines

If e-voting is currently being used, what type(s) of technology used?
Optical Mark Recognition (OMR) or Optical Character Recognition (OCR)

2011 Carter Center Final LimitedElection Observation Report

Timeline of Events in thePhilippine Move to Automation

1996 — First pilot in ARMM

2001 — Partial  automation of national election

2007 — COMELEC unable to implement electronicvoting system due to insufficient time

2008 — E-voting pilot in the ARMM with DREand OMR systems

2010 — OMR E-voting system implementednationwide


Republic Act No. 8436


Sec.7. Features of thesystem. - The System shall utilize appropriate technology forvoting, and electronic devices for counting of votes and canvassing of results.For this purpose, the Commission shall acquire automated counting machines,computer equipment, devices and materials and adopt new forms and printingmaterials.

In addition, the System shall as far aspracticable have the following features:

The machine security must be built-in and multi-layerexistent on hardware and software with minimum human intervention using latesttechnology like encrypted coding system;


The security key control must be embedded inside themachine sealed against human intervention;


The Optical Mark Reader (OMR) must have a built-inprinter for numbering the counted ballots and also for printing the individualprecinct number on the counted ballots;


The ballot paper for the OMR counting machine must beof the quality that passed the international standard like ISO-1831, JIS-X-9004 or its equivalent for optical character recognition;


The ballot feeder must be automatic;


The machine must be able to count from 100 to 150ballots per minute;


The counting machine must be able to detect fake or counterfeitballots and must have a fake ballot rejector;


The counting machine must be able to detect and rejectpreviously counted ballots to prevent duplication;


The counting machine must have the capability torecognize the ballot's individual precinct and city or municipality beforecounting or consolidating the votes;


The System must have a printer that has the capacityto print in one stroke or operation seven (7) copies (original plus six (6)copies) of the consolidated reports on carbonless paper;


The printer must have at least 128 kilobytes of RandomAccess Memory (RAM) to facilitate the expeditious processing of the printing ofthe consolidated reports;


The machine must have a built-in floppy disk drive inorder to save the processed data on a diskette;


The machine must also have a built-in hard disk tostore the counted and consolidated data for future printout and verification;


The machine must be temperature-resistant andrust-proof;


The optical lens of the OMR must have a self-cleaningdevice;


The machine must not be capable of being connected toexternal computer peripherals for the process of vote consolidation;


The machine must have an Uninterrupted Power Supply(UPS);


The machine must be accompanied with operating manualsthat will guide the personnel of the Commission the proper use and maintenanceof the machine;


It must be so designed and built that add-ons mayimmediately be incorporated into the System at minimum expense;


It must provide the shortest time needed to complete thecounting of votes and canvassing of the results of the election;


The machine must be able to generate consolidatedreports like the election return, statement of votes and certificate of canvassat different levels; and


The accuracy of the count must be guaranteed, themargin of error must be disclosed and backed by warranty under such terms andconditions as may be determined by the Commission.





Republic Act No. 9369

SEC.6. Section 6 ofRepublic Act No. 8436 is hereby amended to read as follows:

'SEC. 5.Authority to Use an Automated Election System.- To carry out the above-stated policy, the Commission on Elections, hereinreferred to as the Commission, is hereby authorized to use an automatedelection system or systems in the same election in different provinces, whetherpaper-based or a direct recording electronic election system as it may deemappropriate and practical for the process of voting, counting of votes andcanvassing/consolidation and transmittal of results of electoral exercises:Provided, That for the regular national and local elections, which shall beheld immediately after effectivity of this Act, the AES shall be used in atleast two highly urbanized cities and two provinces each in Luzon, Visayas andMindanao, to be chosen by the Commission: Provided, further, That local governmentunits whose officials have been the subject of administrative charges withinsixteen (16) months prior to the May 14, 2007 elections shall not be chosen:Provided finally, That no area shall be chosen without the consent of theSanggunian of the local government unit concerned. The term local governmentunit as used in this provision shall refer to a highly urbanized city orprovince. In succeeding regular national or local elections, the AES shall beimplemented nationwide.'



2011 Carter Center Final LimitedElection Observation Report

Source: https://www.cartercenter.org/resources/pdfs/news/peace_publications/election_reports/philippines-may%202010-elections-finalrpt.pdf