About the Database
Please note that we are working on the migration of our databases. Therefore, data for some countries may be incorrect.
Thank you for your patience as we continue to improve our databases.
The Direct Democracy Database allows users to explore the different ways direct democracy is used in different countries. First the user selects a country, region, or international organization. Then they can select a field (general, referendum, initiative, recall, or signature collection). After making their selections, they are able to view data on how the instruments of direct democracy they selected are used in those particular countries.
Taking into account the importance of direct democracy tools in strengthening citizens’ active participation in political decision making and considering the overall interest in the topic, the Direct Democracy Database now provides more detailed data divided into following five parts:
contains general data about the existence of specific types of direct democracy instruments, and legal basis for those.
presents specific data about the referendum instruments.
The third section deals with the rules for how much and on what political parties and candidates can spend money.
covers recall instrument in specific detail
describes how signature collection is organized for all types of direct democracy instruments that require citizens’ signatures.