Skip to main content
Menu Menu Close

The Global State of Democracy Initiative

International IDEA launched the Global State of Democracy (GSoD) Initiative in 2016. This Initiative provides evidence-based, balanced analysis and data on the state and quality of democracy for 173 countries across the world. It aims to contribute to the public debate on democracy and inform policy interventions to strengthen democracy. The Initiative currently has several workstreams, including regional partnership hubs, digitalization and democracy, and data visualization. The Initiative’s primary knowledge products are the Democracy Tracker, the Global State of Democracy (GSoD) Indices, and the Global State of Democracy (GSoD) Reports.

Democracy Tracker

A monthly-updated qualitative dataset that monitors the most important democracy and human rights-related developments in 173 countries.

The Democracy Tracker provides monthly, qualitative data on key events with the potential to impact the state of democracy and human rights in 173 countries. The tool highlights how each event affects specific aspects of democracy and provides users with context-based analysis. Each event report indicates a positive, static, or negative development with regard to democratic performance. Past updates are available as a searchable and downloadable archive.

Country profile pages offer detailed, context-setting narrative overviews; data on each country’s political system and ratification status of international human rights treaties; and monthly event reports, which are assessed based on the Global State of Democracy's conceptual framework, signaling the specific aspects of democracy most impacted by particular events.

Global State of Democracy Indices

An annually-updated quantitative dataset that measures the quality of democracy in 173 countries around the world.

The Global State of Democracy Indices (GSoD Indices) measure performance across a broad range of indicators of democracy, covering 173 countries from 1975–2022. The GSoD Indices are built on a theoretical framework that organizes specific measures of aspects of democratic performance into five four-level categories: Representation, Rights, Rule of Law, and Participation. These categories are considered individually and are not combined into a single score for democracy.

The GSoD Indices are composite measures that are built from 157 individual indicators collected by other organizations using different types of sources, including expert surveys, standards-based coding by research groups and analysts, and observational data. The GSoD indices include estimated values for 28 indicators (categories and factors) per country per year. All the indicators are scaled to vary between 0 and 1, with 0 representing the lowest achievement in the whole sample and 1 the highest.

Global State of Democracy Reports

Global State of Democracy 2022: Forging Social Contracts in a Time of Discontent

International IDEA’s Global State of Democracy Report 2022 provides an overview of the global and regional trends related to democracy and human rights, along with examples of efforts to reinvigorate social contracts around the world.

Annual reports
In Focus reports
Democracy notes & commentary


The Global State of Democracy Initiative is also supported by contributions of International IDEA Member States

Please contact us if you would like to learn more about the regional partnership hubs, digitalization and democracy, and data visualization.