The Significance of the European Citizens’ Initiative for Pan-European Participatory Democracy

1,576
This publication is only available in electronic format
Published: 
1 July 2013
Language: 
English
Pages: 
30
Author(s): 
Luis Bouza García

This paper discusses the origins and development of the European Citizens Initiative (ECI), which fully entered into force on 1 June 2012.

The paper analyses the significance of the ECI as an example of a transnational participatory democracy mechanism and tries to understand whether the ECI is effectively causing the increased inclusiveness and outreach to citizens that have been anticipated.

Contents

Introduction and background

The origins of the ECI and its Regulation

The ECI and the European Convention

The ECI and diversity

Conclusion and recommendations

References

Acronyms and abbreviations

Appendix: List of the policy areas and Treaty articles on which ECIs can be based