This report identifies hurdles preventing marginalized people from taking active part in customary and democratic decision-making.
It highlights strategies for managing transition from political exclusion to inclusion and identifies lessons that could be adopted by marginalized groups.
Drawing on experience from 38 case studies, the report describes how different marginalized groups have worked to overcome barriers to their participation in political decision-making.
Key macro-level factors determining inclusion
Political, religious, judicial and administrative determinants of inclusion
Other determinants of successful inclusion reforms
Key issues in customary governance
Lessons for democracy cooperation and assistance stakeholders