International IDEA has been working in Nepal since 2004. Following the rise of the People’s Movement for Democracy and the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in 2006, International IDEA began supporting national actors in the process of constitution building. We provided comparative knowledge and expertise, facilitated dialogues and promoted public participation.
The people of Nepal reached a historic milestone in 2008 with elections that ended a decade of civil war, popular protest, and constitutional stalemate. The 2008 elections were the first aimed at electing a body (the Constituent Assembly) tasked with drafting a new democratic constitution. Measures were taken to ensure that the legislative body reflected the ethnic diversity of the country. IDEA assisted the country in negotiating, drafting and implementing the new constitution and supported reforms in election management.
2017 was again a significant election year in Nepal. Local, provincial and parliamentary elections were held under the constitution that was passed in 2015. Throughout the election period, Nepal’s National Election Observation Committee made use of International IDEA’s Electoral Risk Management Tool. International IDEA also had a role in convening legislative consultations relating to the rights of victims of crime, natural resource management, natural disaster management and gender inclusivity. Currently, we collaborate with Nepal’s Parliament, the Election Commission of Nepal and other actors to facilitate Nepal’s transition to an inclusive and open democracy.