38. Is there a ban on vote buying? - Estonia

Country: 
Estonia
Question: 
38. Is there a ban on vote buying?
Answer: 
Yes
Comments: 

(1) Preventing of a person from electing or being elected at an election or from voting at a referendum, and promising or providing of assets or other benefits with the intention of persuading the person not to exercise his or her election or voting rights or to exercise such rights in a certain way, and influencing of a person for the same purpose by use of an official position, violence, deception or dependent relationship of the person with the offender, is punishable by a pecuniary punishment or up to three years’ imprisonment.
(2) The same act, if committed by a legal person, is punishable by a pecuniary punishment.

Source: § 162(1-2), Penal Code, 2001 (amended 2020)