If e-voting is currently being used, what type(s) of technology used? - France

Country: 
France
Question: 
If e-voting is currently being used, what type(s) of technology used?
Answer: 
Direct recording electronic (DRE) voting machines with and without voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT) Internet voting systems
Comments: 

Voting machines are used in some of the municipalities (e.g. in 60 municipalities in 2017 Elections); internet voting is available for voters from abroad. 

Source: 

France, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Vote par internet (published in January 2020), accessed 8 February 2020

France, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Élections des conseillers des Français de l’étranger et des délégués consulaires : 16 et 17 mai 2020 (published in January 2020), accessed 8 February 2020

OSCE/ODIHR, Needs Assessment Mission Report, Presidential and Parliamentary Elections, 2017, accessed 3 February 2020

“The Electoral Code permits the use of electronic voting machines for municipalities with at least 3,500 inhabitants. Voting machines will be used in some 60 municipalities. While the MoI publishes technical requirements and specifications for the machines, it has no role in the verification and certification of the equipment. The OSCE/ODIHR NAM was informed that there is a moratorium on further expanding the use of the machines as well as a decision to gradually phase them out.”