Although paper-based voting process and manual tallying, the registration and the authentication of the voters are performed online. During the registration the Turkish Identification Number (which is unique for every Turkish citizen) is used to authorize to the system. This ID allows ever voter to register to a single voting center and to vote only once. Besides, after the tallying is completed in the voting centers, the results are sent through the VPN tunnel to the Election Authority Center.
Turkey, International Journal of E- Business and E- Government Studies, ‘A Case Study of Turkey: A secure paper-based electronic system – P:134’, accessed 13 September 2018