Members are elected using open list PR system in eight 11-seat constituencies. At the constituency level, the seats are allocated using the Droop quota. The seats that remain unallocated at the constituency level are then allocated to the parties at the national level using the d'Hondt method with an electoral threshold of 4%.
Article 2. Deputies are elected in constituencies.
Deputies are elected according to the principle that each deputy is elected according to an approximately equal number of citizens, and according to the principle that political interests are proportionally represented in the National Assembly.
The Italian and Hungarian ethnic communities have the right to elect one deputy each to the National Assembly.
X.a DETERMINING THE OUTCOME OF ELECTIONS
Article 90. The number of seats given to an individual list is determined by a quotient calculated by dividing the total number of votes given to all lists of candidates in a constituency by the number of deputies elected in the constituency, increased by one, which is rounded up to the higher number. The number of votes given to a list is divided by this quotient. The list shall be given the number of seats equal to the number of times the quotient divides into the number of votes for the list.
Notwithstanding the preceding paragraph, the list which does not meet the conditions set out in the third paragraph of the Article 92 of this Act, does not obtain the mandate.
Article 91. For each list of candidates, the number of candidates elected is equal to the number of seats given.
Candidates from a list of candidates are elected according to their share in the overall number of votes in an electoral district or two electoral districts.
If two candidates received the same number of votes then the selection is made by lot.
Article 92. Seats not distributed in the constituencies, are allocated at the national level so that the lists or the same lists of candidates are assigned as many seats as is the difference between the number of seats that would be assigned to them on the basis of totals of votes at the national level, and the number of seats obtained in the constituencies.
In the distribution of these seats it shall first be determined how many of all 88 mandates would be assigned to lists or lists with the same name, in proportion to the number of votes given in all constituencies. This is determined on the basis of the order of the highest quotients, which is calculated by dividing the sums of votes given to lists or lists with the same name in all constituencies, by all numbers from 1 to 88 (d'Hondt system).
Those lists or the same lists that did not receive at least 4% of the total number of votes in the country are not taken into account in the allocation of seats.
Seats from the first paragraph of this Article are allocated to the lists or the same lists in the order of the highest quotients from the previous paragraph, with higher quotients considered as mandates that the list or the same list received on the basis of the Article 90 of this Act.
If any of the lists or the same lists in the allocation of seats according to the first paragraph of this Article, would receive fewer seats than they won in the division at the level of the electoral unit, then in determining how many seats would be allocated to the lists or to the same list or on the basis of the total votes at the national level, the reduced total number of seats that are still to be distributed at the national level, is to be taken into account.
“Eight constituencies are formed for the election of deputies to the National Assembly. Each constituency elects 11 deputies. Each constituency is divided into 11 districts. The law has established the principle that one candidate is elected from each electoral district. Two special constituencies are formed, one each in the areas where the Italian and Hungarian ethnic communities live.
In the procedure for allocating mandates, the state election commission first determines which candidate lists across the entire country received at least 4% of votes cast. Mandates are allocated on two levels to those lists that have reached the threshold, as follows:
- in the constituency: deputy mandates are allocated under the Droop quota;
- on the national level: deputy mandates are allocated under the d’Hondt system.
Since the Constitution requires that voters have a certain influence on the allocation of mandates, this is partly provided through the election from the candidate lists (in terms of mandates obtained) of those candidates who received the highest share of votes in the total number of votes in the electoral districts where they stood. Voters may decide only on those candidates on the list that appears in their electoral district.” (Retrieved on 18 May 2018)